Evidence-Based Climate Science - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123859563, 9780123859570

Evidence-Based Climate Science

1st Edition

Data Opposing CO2 Emissions as the Primary Source of Global Warming

Editors: Don Easterbrook
eBook ISBN: 9780123859570
Paperback ISBN: 9780123859563
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 25th August 2011
Page Count: 416
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Description

Global warming and human-induced climate change are perhaps the most important scientific issues of our time. These issues continue to be debated in the scientific community and in the media without true consensus about the role of greenhouse gas emissions as a contributing factor.

Evidence-Based Climate Science: Data opposing CO2 emissions as the primary source of global warming objectively gathers and analyzes scientific data concerning patterns of past climate changes, influences of changes in ocean temperatures, the effect of solar variation on global climate, and the effect of CO2 on global climate to clearly and objectively present counter-global-warming evidence not embraced by proponents of CO2.

Key Features

  • An unbiased, evidence-based analysis of the scientific data concerning climate change and global warming
  • Authored by 8 of the world’s leading climate scientists, each with more than 25 years of experience in the field
  • Extensive analysis of the physics of CO2 as a greenhouse gas and its role in global warming
  • Comprehensive citations, references, and bibliography
  • Adaptation strategies are presented as alternative reactions to greenhouse gas emission reductions

Readership

Atmospheric scientists, oceanographers, meteorologists, and climatologists. Scientists practicing in the fields of environmental science, ecology, geology, and geophysics

Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1. Geologic Evidence of Recurring Climate Cycles and Their Implications for the Cause of Global Climate Changes—The Past is the Key to the Future

1. Introduction

2. Is Global Warming Real?

3. Melting Glaciers

4. Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide

5. Lessons from Past Global Climate Changes

6. The Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO)

7. The Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO)

8. Solar Variability and Climate Change

9. Where are We Headed During the Coming Century?

Chapter 2. Evidence for Synchronous Global Climatic Events

1. Introduction

2. Late Pleistocene Climate Oscillations Recorded by Glaciers

3. Conclusions

Chapter 3. A Critical Look at Surface Temperature Records

1. Introduction

2. The Global Data Centers

3. The Golden Age of Surface Observation

4. Vanishing Stations

5. See For Yourself – The Data is a Mess

6. Station Dropout was not Totally Random

7. Instrument Changes and Siting

8. Along Comes ‘Modernization’

9. Adjustments not Made, or Made Badly

10. Heat from Population Growth and Land-use Changes

11. U.S. Climate Data

12. U.S. State Heat Records Suggest Recent Decades are not the Warmest

13. Major Changes to USHCN in 2007

14. Hadley and NOAA

15. Final Adjustments – Homogenization

16. Problems with Sea Surface Temperature Measurements

17. Long-Term Trends

18. Summary

Chapter 4. 2010—The Hottest Year on Record?

1. Comparisons vs. 1998

2. Divergence from Other Data Sources

3. What is GISS Doing Wrong?

4. Was 2010 a Record Hot Year?

5. What Caused the Positive Anomalies in Early 2010?

6. Some History About Dr. James Hansen

7. Conclusion

Chapter 5. Relationship of Multidecadal Global Temperatures to Multidecadal Oceanic Oscillations

1. Introduction

2. The Southern Oscillation Index (SOI)

3. Multivariate ENSO Index (MEI)

4. The Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO)

5. Frequency and Strength of ENSO and the PDO

6. Correlation of the PDO and Glacial Fluctuations in the Pacific Northwest

7. ENSO vs. Temperatures

8. The Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO)

9. North Atlantic Oscillation, The Arctic Oscillation, and The AMO

10. Synchronized Dance of the Teleconnections

11. Short-term Warm/Cool Cycles from the Greenland Ice Core

12. Where are we Headed During the Coming Century?

Chapter 6. Setting the Frames of Expected Future Sea Level Changes by Exploring Past Geological Sea Level Records

1. Introduction

2. Sea Level Changes by Year 2100

3. Frames of Glacial Eustatic Rise in Sea Level

4. Frames of Steric Expansion of the Water Column

5. Setting the Frames of Future Sea Level Changes

6. Solar Cycles in the Near Future

7. The State of Fear

8. Conclusions

Chapter 7. The Maldives: A Measure of Sea Level Changes and Sea Level Ethics

1. Introduction

2. The Maldives Sea Level Project

3. Problems

4. Field Evidence in the Maldives

5. Comparisons

6. Conclusions

Chapter 8. Arctic Sea Ice

1. Introduction

2. Summary

Chapter 9. Have Increases in CO2 Contributed to the Recent Large Upswing in Atlantic Basin Major Hurricanes Since 1995?

1. Introduction

2. Causes of the Upswing in Atlantic Basin Major Hurricane Activity Since 1995

3. Why CO2 Increases are not Responsible for Atlantic SST and Hurricane Activity Increases

4. Contrast of Theories of Hurricane Activity Changes

5. Discussion

6. IPCC-IV'S Tropical Cyclone Mis-statements

7. Special Characteristics of the Atlantic Ocean Hurricane Basin

8. Variations in Strength of the THC

9. Storage of West-Atlantic Sub-tropical Salinity

10. Summary

Chapter 10. Solar Changes and the Climate

1. Introduction

2. Earth–Sun Connection

3. Summary

Chapter 11. The Current Solar Minimum and Its Consequences for Climate

1. Introduction

2. The Current Minimum

3. Summary

Chapter 12. Total Solar Irradiance Satellite Composites and their Phenomenological Effect on Climate

1. Introduction

2. SMM/ACRIM1 vs. NIMBUS7/ERB

3. The ACRIM-GAP: 15/07/1989–03/10/1991

4. SMM/ACRIM1 vs. UARS/ACRIM2

5. UARS/ACRIM2 vs. ACRIMSAT/ACRIM3

6. Three updated ACRIM TSI Composites

7. TSI Proxy Secular Reconstructions

8. Phenomenological solar signature on climate

9. Conclusion

Chapter 13. Global Brightening and Climate Sensitivity

1. Introduction

2. The Data

3. Analysis and Results

4. Discussion

5. A Note on the Planck Parameter

6. Conclusions

Chapter 14. The Relationship of Sunspot Cycles to Gravitational Stresses on the Sun

1. Introduction

2. Approach

3. Method

4. Result

5. Discussion

6. Conclusion

Chapter 15. A Simple KISS Model to Examine the Relationship Between Atmospheric CO2 Concentration, and Ocean & Land Surface Temperatures, Taking into Consideration Solar and Volcanic Activity, As Well As Fossil Fuel Use

1. Introduction

2. Modeling Principles

3. Scientific Basis for the Model

4. Model Estimation and Results

5. Conclusions and Ramifications

Index

Details

No. of pages:
416
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2011
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780123859570
Paperback ISBN:
9780123859563

About the Editor

Don Easterbrook

Dr. Don Easterbrook has done extensive research into the of global climate changes, global warming and cooling, as well as the cause of abrupt global climate changes at the end of the last Ice Age. He studies the relationship of 25-30 year glacial and ocean warming and cooling cycles to solar variation and global warming and cooling. Additionally, he has analyzed the correlation of Quaternary inter-hemispheric climate changes, the of radiocarbon marine reservoir values, Holocene glaciation of the Cascade Range, and the Holocene climate changes, otherwise known as The Little Ice Age. He has analyzed the tephra and lahar chronology of Mt. Baker, and has extensively used shorelines to determine isostatic uplift rates in the Puget Lowland.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor Emeritus, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA, USA