Evaluation in the Planning Process - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080182438, 9781483137278

Evaluation in the Planning Process

1st Edition

The Urban and Regional Planning Series, Volume 10

Authors: Nathaniel Lichfield Peter Kettle Michael Whitbread
eBook ISBN: 9781483137278
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1975
Page Count: 344
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Evaluation in the Planning Process examines the role of evaluation in the overall planning process and the implications of evaluation for the organization and management of studies. Emphasis is placed on the nature of evaluation and the functions it should fulfill in the urban and regional planning process, as well as the interrelationships that should exist between evaluation and other planning activities. This book consists of 12 chapters organized into three sections. The first section focuses on principles governing the use of evaluation in the planning process and includes a model of general urban and regional planning. Various methods that are available for evaluating planning proposals are considered, with emphasis on the social cost-benefit approach and the planning balance sheet method. The chapters that follow explore the role of measurement in plan evaluation and review seven planning studies to critically examine UK experience in the application of evaluation methods to urban and regional planning problems. This book concludes by presenting the principles and guidelines for the short-listing of options and assessing the influence of various practical circumstances on the planning process. Some final recommendations on the organization and structure of the planning process, and the nature and role of evaluation within it, are offered. This book is intended for specialists, planners, and those who are engaged in the task of aiding decisions on urban and regional planning problems. This text will appeal especially to those who are concerned with formulating planning processes and with the management of studies.

Table of Contents




Part I. Principles Governing the Use of Evaluation in the Planning Process

Chapter 1. Evaluation and Planning

1.1. Planning and Welfare

1.2. Meaning and Role of Evaluation

1.3. Some Limitations of Recent Practice

Chapter 2. The Planning Process

2.1. A Model of a General Planning Process

2.2. Goals, Problems, and Objectives in the Planning Process

2.3. The Use of Objectives in Planning and Evaluation Select Bibliography

Chapter 3. Evaluation in the Planning Process

3.1. Linkages between Evaluation and Other Planning Activities

3.2. Generation of Alternatives

3.3. An Example of Evaluation-Associated Linkages: Accessibility Benefits

Chapter 4. Current Methods of Plan Evaluation

4.1. A Review of Current Methods

4.2. The Rationale for Planning Balance Sheet Analysis

Chapter 5. A Comparison of the Planning Balance Sheet with the Goals-Achievement Matrix Method of Evaluation

5.1. Origins and Development of the Methods

5.2. The Methods and Central Issues in Evaluation

5.3. Summary and Concluding Observations

Chapter 6. Measurement in Plan Evaluation

6.1. The Role of Measurement

6.2. The Use of Urban Development Models for Evaluation

Part II. An Exploration and Critique of Recent Evaluation Practice


Chapter 7. Regional Studies

Grangemouth/Falkirk (October 1964-December 1966)

7.1. Background

7.2. Selection of the Preferred Urban Development Strategy

7.3. Evaluation in the Planning Process of the Grangemouth/Falkirk Study

7.4. Conclusions on the Grangemouth/Falkirk Study

West Midland Regional Study (February 1968-October 1972)

7.5. Background

7.6. The Adopted Planning Process in Outline

7.7. The Planning Process in More Detail

7.8. Evaluation in the Planning Process of the West Midland Regional Study

7.9. Conclusions on the West Midland Regional Study

Chapter 8. Sub-Regional Studies

Nottinghamshire-Derbyshire (June 1968-September 1969)

8.1. Purpose of the Study and Terms of Reference

8.2. Approach to the Study

8.3. Evaluation in the Planning Process of the Nottinghamshire-Derbyshire Study

8.4. Concluding Observations on the Nottinghamshire-Derbyshire Study

Coventry-Solihull-Warwickshire (September 1968-May 1971)

8.5. Purpose of the Study

8.6. Approach to the Study

8.7. Evaluation in the Planning Process of the Coventry-Solihull-Warwickshire Study

8.8. Concluding Observations on the Coventry-Solihull-Warwickshire Study

Appendix I. Objectives for the Strategy in the Nottinghamshire-Derbyshire Study

Appendix II. Concepts Used during the First Cycle of Design in the Nottinghamshire-Derbyshire Study

Chapter 9. An Urban Structure Plan Study: Brighton (March 1970-March 1974)

9.1. Background

9.2. The Team's Approach to the Study

9.3. Evaluation in the Planning Process of the Brighton Study

9.4. Concluding Observations on the Brighton Study

Chapter 10. A New Town Study: Irvine (September 1968-January 1971)

10.1. Background

10.2. Approach to the Revision of the Wilson Proposals

10.3. Evaluation in the Planning Process of the Irvine Study

10.4. Concluding Observations on the Irvine Study

Appendix. The Development Corporation's Objectives for the Irvine New Town Plan

Chapter 11. A Major Project: Third London Airport (June 1968-December 1970)

11.1. Background

11.2. The Commission's Site-selection Process

11.3. Summary of Findings

Part III. Implications for Planning Procedures


Chapter 12. Recommendations for Short-listing Procedures and the Assessment of Options

12.1. Short-listing Procedures

12.2. Circumstances Affecting the Choice between Plan-Making Strategies

12.3. Some Final Recommendations


Appendix. Working Papers Prepared during the Research Project

Name Index

Subject Index


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About the Author

Nathaniel Lichfield

Peter Kettle

Michael Whitbread

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