Introduction (M. Iwu).
1. Drugs from nature: past achievements, future prospects (G. Cragg, D.J. Newman).
2. Natural products for high throughput screening (A.L. Harvey).
3. Medical ethnobotanical research as a method to identify bioactive plants to treat infectious diseases (T.J.S. Carlson).
4. Development of Herbmed®, an interactive, evidence-based herbal database (J. Wootton).
5. Natural products: a continuing source of inspiration for the medicinal chemist (S. Mbua Ngale Efange).
6. Integrating African ethnomedicine into primary healthcare: a framework for South-Eastern Nigeria (Chioma Obijiofor).
7. Current initiatives in the protection of indigenous and local community knowledge; problems, concepts and lessons for the future (R. Lettington).
8. Bioprospecting: using Africa's genetic resources as a new basis for economic development and regional cooperation (A. Onugu).
9. Balancing conservation with utilization: restoring populations of commercially valuable medicinal herbs in forests and agroforests (R.A. Cech).
10. Ethnomedicine of the Cherokee: historical and current applications (J. Joé).
11. Traditional medicines and the new paradigm of psychotropic drug action (E. Elisabetsky).
12. Drug discovery through ethnobotany in Nigeria: some results (J.I. Okogun).
13. Plants, products and people: Southern African perspectives (N. Gericke).
14. Development of antimalarial agents and drugs from parasitic infections based on leads from traditional medicine: the Walter Reed experience (B.G. Schuster).
15. Health foods in anti-aging therapy: reducers of physiological decline and degenerative diseases (L. Meserole).
16. Indigenous peoples and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles: definitions under article 8(j) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (K. Mora