Environmentally Friendly Polymer Nanocomposites

1st Edition

Types, Processing and Properties

Authors: Suprakas Sinha Ray
Hardcover ISBN: 9780857097774
eBook ISBN: 9780857097828
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 31st July 2013
Page Count: 512
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Table of Contents

About the author

Woodhead Publishing Series in Composites Science and Engineering

Preface

Part I: Types, processing and characterization

Chapter 1: Introduction to environmentally friendly polymer nanocomposites

Abstract:

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Defining environmentally friendly polymer nanocomposites

1.3 Environmentally friendly polymer matrices

1.4 Environmentally friendly nanofillers/reinforcements

1.5 Processing of environmentally friendly polymer nanocomposites

1.6 Solution-blending and in-situ polymerization

1.7 Melt-blending

1.8 Performance and potential of environmentally friendly polymer nanocomposites

Chapter 2: Environmentally friendly polymer matrices for composites

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Mechanisms of biodegradation and classification of biodegradable polymers

2.3 Biodegradable polymers derived from renewable sources

2.4 Biodegradable polymers derived from fossil-fuel resources

2.5 Summary: using biodegradable polymers as matrices

Chapter 3: Environmentally friendly nanofillers as reinforcements for composites

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Nanoclays as reinforcements

3.3 Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as reinforcements

Chapter 4: Techniques for characterizing the structure and properties of polymer nanocomposites

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction

4.2 X-ray diffraction (XRD) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS)

4.3 Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electron tomography

4.4 Scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM)

4.5 Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and focused-ion beam SEM (FIB-SEM)

4.6 Atomic force microscopy (AFM)

4.7 Optical microscopy (OM) and polarized optical microscopy (POM)

4.8 Infrared (IR) spectroscopy

4.9 Other techniques

Chapter 5: E


Description

Concerns about global warming and the depletion of oil reserves have led to significant research into more sustainable composite materials made from natural materials. Recently, research has focussed on the development of nanoscale reinforcements for this new group of composites, significantly improving and extending their range of desirable properties. Environmentally friendly polymer nanocomposites summarises this wealth of research and its practical implications.

After an introduction to the subject, part one looks at matrix and reinforcement materials as well as their characterisation. Part two reviews key properties such as tensile and dynamic mechanical properties and thermal stability. It also considers issues such as barrier properties, biodegradability, rheology, electrical and thermal conductivity. The book concludes by reviewing potential applications.

This book is ideal for polymer and material scientists, researchers and engineers. It will also help industrial researchers and R&D managers who want to bring advanced eco-friendly polymer composite-based products into the market.

Key Features

  • Summarises the practical implications of the development of nanoscale reinforcements for sustainable composite materials made from natural materials
  • Examines matrix and reinforcement materials and their characterisation and reviews key properties such as tensile and dynamic mechanical properties
  • Considers barrier properties, biodegradability, rheology, electrical and thermal conductivity and potential applications

Readership

Polymer and materials scientists; Researchers, engineers, professors of polymer nanocomposites; Industrial researchers and R&D managers


Details

No. of pages:
512
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Woodhead Publishing 2013
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9780857097828
Hardcover ISBN:
9780857097774

Reviews

“…highlights on an aspect of the state of the art in wide field of the recent developments in environmentally-friendly polymer nanocomposites (EFPNCs)…The first part describes several preparation and characterization techniques of various types of the EFPNCs. In the second part, the structure and properties of the EFPNCs. The final part of the book summarizes key issues in such areas as applications, environmental impact assessment and future trends in detail.”--MaterialsView.com,July 10, 2014


About the Authors

Suprakas Sinha Ray Author

Professor Suprakas Sinha Ray is Chief Research Scientist and Director of the DST/CSIR National Centre for Nanostructured Materials, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria, South Africa.He received his PhD degree in Physical Chemistry at the University of Calcutta, India in 2001 and was a recipient of the ‘‘Sir P. C Ray Research Award’’ for the best PhD work. After three years of postdoctoral research at the Toyota Technological Institute in Japan, he spent three years as postdoctoral scientist at the Chemical Engineering Department, Laval University, Canada. Towards the end of 2006, he joined the CSIR Materials Science and Manufacturing group as Nanoscience Group Leader, in South Africa. In November 2007, he was promoted to Chief Researcher (level 2, highest position within CSIR S&T base) and founder Director of the DST/CSIR National Centre for Nanostructured Materials, CSIR, South Africa.

Affiliations and Expertise

Chief Research Scientist and Director, DST/CSIR National Centre for Nanostructured Materials, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa.