Environmentally Friendly Polymer Nanocomposites

1st Edition

Types, Processing and Properties

Print ISBN: 9780857097774
eBook ISBN: 9780857097828
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 31st July 2013
Page Count: 512
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Concerns about global warming and the depletion of oil reserves have led to significant research into more sustainable composite materials made from natural materials. Recently, research has focussed on the development of nanoscale reinforcements for this new group of composites, significantly improving and extending their range of desirable properties. Environmentally friendly polymer nanocomposites summarises this wealth of research and its practical implications.

After an introduction to the subject, part one looks at matrix and reinforcement materials as well as their characterisation. Part two reviews key properties such as tensile and dynamic mechanical properties and thermal stability. It also considers issues such as barrier properties, biodegradability, rheology, electrical and thermal conductivity. The book concludes by reviewing potential applications.

This book is ideal for polymer and material scientists, researchers and engineers. It will also help industrial researchers and R&D managers who want to bring advanced eco-friendly polymer composite-based products into the market.

Key Features

  • Summarises the practical implications of the development of nanoscale reinforcements for sustainable composite materials made from natural materials
  • Examines matrix and reinforcement materials and their characterisation and reviews key properties such as tensile and dynamic mechanical properties
  • Considers barrier properties, biodegradability, rheology, electrical and thermal conductivity and potential applications


Polymer and materials scientists; Researchers, engineers, professors of polymer nanocomposites; Industrial researchers and R&D managers

Table of Contents

About the author

Woodhead Publishing Series in Composites Science and Engineering


Part I: Types, processing and characterization

Chapter 1: Introduction to environmentally friendly polymer nanocomposites


1.1 Introduction

1.2 Defining environmentally friendly polymer nanocomposites

1.3 Environmentally friendly polymer matrices

1.4 Environmentally friendly nanofillers/reinforcements

1.5 Processing of environmentally friendly polymer nanocomposites

1.6 Solution-blending and in-situ polymerization

1.7 Melt-blending

1.8 Performance and potential of environmentally friendly polymer nanocomposites

Chapter 2: Environmentally friendly polymer matrices for composites


2.1 Introduction

2.2 Mechanisms of biodegradation and classification of biodegradable polymers

2.3 Biodegradable polymers derived from renewable sources

2.4 Biodegradable polymers derived from fossil-fuel resources

2.5 Summary: using biodegradable polymers as matrices

Chapter 3: Environmentally friendly nanofillers as reinforcements for composites


3.1 Introduction

3.2 Nanoclays as reinforcements

3.3 Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as reinforcements

Chapter 4: Techniques for characterizing the structure and properties of polymer nanocomposites


4.1 Introduction

4.2 X-ray diffraction (XRD) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS)

4.3 Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electron tomography

4.4 Scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM)

4.5 Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and focused-ion beam SEM (FIB-SEM)

4.6 Atomic force microscopy (AFM)

4.7 Optical microscopy (OM) and polarized optical microscopy (POM)

4.8 Infrared (IR) spectroscopy

4.9 Other techniques

Chapter 5: E


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© Woodhead Publishing 2013
Woodhead Publishing
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“…highlights on an aspect of the state of the art in wide field of the recent developments in environmentally-friendly polymer nanocomposites (EFPNCs)…The first part describes several preparation and characterization techniques of various types of the EFPNCs. In the second part, the structure and properties of the EFPNCs. The final part of the book summarizes key issues in such areas as applications, environmental impact assessment and future trends in detail.”--MaterialsView.com,July 10, 2014