Environmental Noise Pollution

Environmental Noise Pollution

Noise Mapping, Public Health, and Policy

2nd Edition - April 9, 2022

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  • Authors: Enda Murphy, Eoin King
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128201015
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128201008

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Environmental Noise Pollution, Second Edition, addresses the key debates surrounding environmental noise pollution, its modelling and mitigation using examples from across the globe. Environmental noise pollution is now an established concern in environmental and public policy and is considered one of the most important environmental stressors affecting public health throughout the world. Thoroughly revised, this new edition includes updated global case studies as well as new chapters on ‘soundscapes and noise mapping’ and ‘environmental noise and technology’.This book examines environmental noise pollution, its health implications, noise modelling, the role of strategic noise mapping for problem assessment, major sources of environmental noise pollution, noise mitigation approaches, and related procedural and policy implications. Drawing on the authors’ considerable research expertise in the area, the book is a fully updated resource on this major environmental stressor that crosses disciplinary, policy and national boundaries.

Key Features

  • Highlights recent developments in the policy arena, with a particular focus on global developments in environmental noise management and mitigation
  • Explores the lessons emerging from nations within the EU and other jurisdictions attempting to legislate and mitigate against the harmful effects of noise pollution
  • Covers the core theoretical concepts and principles surrounding the mechanics of noise pollution as well as evidence linking noise with public health concerns
  • Thoroughly revised throughout, with more global examples and two new chapters on technology and noise and soundscapes


Environmental Health Specialists, Environmental Consultants, Acoustics consultants; researchers in Environmental Science. Students in Environmental and Mechanical Engineering

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Preface to the second edition
  • Preface to the first edition
  • Acknowledgements
  • Chapter 1. Understanding Environmental Noise Pollution
  • 1.1. Debates and Challenges
  • 1.2. Environmental Noise
  • 1.3. The Book's Focus and Raison d'être
  • Chapter 2. Principles of Environmental Noise
  • 2.1. Sound as a Wave
  • 2.2. Representing Sound Levels With the Decibel Scale
  • 2.3. A-Weighting
  • 2.4. Noise Metrics
  • 2.5. Measuring Noise
  • 2.6. Outdoor Sound Propagation
  • 2.7. Conclusion
  • Chapter 3. Environmental Noise and Health
  • 3.1. Introduction
  • 3.2. The Noise–Health Problem
  • 3.3. The Noise–Stress Relationship and Effects Overview
  • 3.4. Environmental Noise and Annoyance
  • 3.5. Environmental Noise and Sleep Disturbance
  • 3.6. Environmental Noise and Cardiovascular Disease
  • 3.7. Other Health Impacts: Emerging Evidence
  • 3.8. Environmental Noise and Cognitive Impairment in Children
  • 3.9. The Special Case of Low-Frequency Noise
  • 3.10. Conclusion
  • Chapter 4. Strategic Noise Mapping
  • 4.1. Introduction
  • 4.2. EU Noise Policy and Legislation
  • 4.3. The Environmental Noise Directive
  • 4.4. Strategic Noise Mapping
  • 4.5. Strategic Noise Mapping Beyond the EU
  • 4.6. Conclusion
  • Chapter 5. Transportation Noise
  • 5.1. Road Traffic Noise
  • 5.2. Railway Noise
  • 5.3. Aircraft Noise
  • 5.4. Discussion
  • 5.5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 6. Wind Farm, Industrial and Construction Noise
  • 6.1. A Note on Noise Criteria
  • 6.2. Industrial Noise
  • 6.3. Port Noise
  • 6.4. Airports as Industrial Sources
  • 6.5. Wind Farm Noise
  • 6.6. Construction Noise
  • 6.7. Mining Mineral/Extraction Sites
  • 6.8. Conclusion
  • Chapter 7. Noise Mitigation Approaches
  • 7.1. Introduction
  • 7.2. Strategic Noise Mitigation: The Noise Action Planning Process
  • 7.3. Mitigation Approaches
  • 7.4. Source-Based Abatement
  • 7.5. Propagation Measures
  • 7.6. Case Studies in Noise Abatement
  • 7.7. Cost-Efficiency Issues
  • 7.8. Conclusion
  • Chapter 8. Soundscapes and Noise Mapping
  • 8.1. Soundscape Background
  • 8.2. Soundscape Standards and Indicators
  • 8.3. Soundscape Mapping
  • 8.4. Related Developments
  • 8.5. Future Directions
  • 8.6. Conclusions
  • Chapter 9. Environmental Noise and Technology
  • 9.1. Introduction
  • 9.2. Low-cost Acoustic Devices, Networks and Monitoring
  • 9.3. Electric Vehicles (EVs)
  • 9.4. Tyre Technology
  • 9.5. The dark Side of Technology and Environmental Noise
  • 9.6. Conclusion
  • Chapter 10. Conclusions and Future Directions
  • 10.1. Progress
  • 10.2. Limitations and Future Research Priorities
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 332
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: April 9, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128201015
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128201008

About the Authors

Enda Murphy

is Professor of Planning at the School of Architecture, Planning and Environmental Policy at University College Dublin, Ireland. His research interests centre on environmental noise modelling, mapping and noise-health relationships. He has published extensively in the field of environmental noise and is author/co-author of more than 100 academic journal papers, book chapters, conference proceeding papers and reports, and is co-author of two books.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, School of Architecture, Planning, & Environmental Policy, University College Dublin, Ireland

Eoin King

Dr Eoin A King is a Lecturer in Mechanical Engineering at the National University of Ireland Galway (NUI Galway). His research interests include sound propagation modelling, strategic noise mapping techniques and environmental noise control, and he has published extensively in the field of acoustics and environmental assessment. He is the current Vice President (Communications) of the International Institute of Noise Control Engineering (I-INCE), Managing Editor of Noise/News International and a member of the European Commission’s Noise Expert Group.

Affiliations and Expertise

Lecturer in Mechanical Engineering at the National University of Ireland Galway (NUI Galway).

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