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Environmental Management - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128119891, 9780128119907

Environmental Management

1st Edition

Science and Engineering for Industry

Authors: I.V Murali Krishna Valli Manickam
Paperback ISBN: 9780128119891
eBook ISBN: 9780128119907
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 23rd January 2017
Page Count: 664
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Environmental Management: Science and Engineering for Industry consists of 18 chapters, starting with a discussion of International Environmental Laws and crucial environmental management tools, including lifecycle, environmental impact, and environmental risk assessments. This is followed by a frank discussion of environmental control and abatement technologies for water, wastewater, soil, and air pollution.

In addition, this book also tackles Hazardous Waste Management and the landfill technologies available for the disposal of hazardous wastes. As managing environmental projects is a complex task with vast amounts of data, an array of regulations, and alternative engineering control strategies designed to minimize pollution and maximize the effect of an environmental program, this book helps readers further understand and plan for this process.

Key Features

  • Contains the latest methods for Identifying, abating, or eliminating pollutants from air, water, and land
  • Presents up-to-date coverage on environmental management tools, such as risk assessment, energy management and auditing, environmental accounting, and impact assessments
  • Includes methods for collecting and synthesizing data derived from environmental assessments


Environmental Engineers and Scientists

Table of Contents

Chapter One. Introduction

  • 1.1. Water Pollution
  • 1.2. Air Pollution
  • 1.3. Land Pollution
  • 1.4. Environmental Management

Chapter Two. Sustainable Development

  • 2.1. Introduction
  • 2.2. Sustainable Development
  • 2.3. Summary

Chapter Three. Natural Resource Management and Biodiversity Conservation

  • 3.1. Introduction
  • 3.2. Three Key Concerns
  • 3.3. Need for Protecting Natural Resources
  • 3.4. Threats to Biodiversity
  • 3.5. Biodiversity Hotspots
  • 3.6. Bio-Prospecting
  • 3.7. Traditional Knowledge and Bio-Piracy
  • 3.8. Access and Benefit-Sharing
  • 3.9. Summary

Chapter Four. Environmental Policies and Legislation

  • 4.1. Introduction Current Environmental Issues
  • 4.2. Global Warming
  • 4.3. Ozone Depletion
  • 4.4. Loss of Natural Resources
  • 4.5. Environmental Ethics
  • 4.6. Environmental Sustainability Index
  • 4.7. International Environmental Law

Chapter Five. Life Cycle Assessment

  • 5.1. Introduction
  • 5.2. Stages in Life Cycle Assessment
  • 5.3. Life Cycle Assessment
  • 5.4. The Life Cycle of Industrial Products
  • 5.5. The LCA Framework
  • 5.6. Streamlined Life Cycle Assessment
  • 5.7. Stages in Process Life Cycles

Chapter Six. Environmental Impact Assessment and Audit

  • 6.1. Introduction
  • 6.2. Environmental Impact Assessment
  • 6.3. Environmental Impact Assessment in India
  • 6.4. Elements of an Environmental Impact Assessment Report
  • 6.5. Environmental Audit
  • 6.6. Principle Elements of an Environmental Audit
  • 6.7. Components of Auditing
  • 6.8. Audit Process
  • 6.9. Environmental Audit (EA) Report
  • 6.10. Waste Audit

Chapter Seven. Environmental Accounting

  • 7.1. Introduction
  • 7.2. Forms of Environmental Accounting
  • 7.3. Need of Environmental Accounting
  • 7.4. Scope of Environment Accounting
  • 7.5. Valuation Methods
  • 7.6. Compilation of Physical Natural Resource Accounts
  • 7.7. Example for Forest Accounts

Chapter Eight. Environmental Risk Assessment

  • 8.1. Introduction
  • 8.2. Use of Risk Assessment in Environmental Management
  • 8.3. Hazard and Risk
  • 8.4. Process of Environmental Risk Assessment and Management
  • 8.5. Risk Evaluation
  • 8.6. Emission and Exposure Control
  • 8.7. Risk Monitoring
  • 8.8. Risk Communication
  • 8.9. Dealing With Uncertainty
  • 8.10. Documentation
  • 8.11. Advantages and Disadvantages of Risk Assessment
  • 8.12. Role of GIS Software Applications for Environmental Risk Management

Chapter Nine. Energy Management and Audit

  • 9.1. Introduction
  • 9.2. Types of Energy Audit
  • 9.3. Ten-Step Methodology for Energy Audit
  • 9.4. Audit Phases
  • 9.5. Classification of Energy Conservation Measures
  • 9.6. Energy Audit Reporting Format
  • 9.7. Plant Energy Performance
  • 9.8. Energy Audit Instruments
  • 9.9. Calculating Energy and Demand Balances
  • 9.10. Energy Audit for Buildings
  • 9.11. Summary

Chapter Ten. ISO 9000, 14000 Series, and OHSAS 18001

  • 10.1. Introduction
  • 10.2. EMS Certification
  • 10.3. Emerging Trends in Management of Environmental Issues
  • 10.4. ISO 14000 Series
  • 10.5. Guidelines for Auditing
  • 10.6. Types of Audits
  • 10.7. Risk Audit Techniques
  • 10.8. Status of EMS in India
  • 10.9. OHSAS 18001 Standard

Chapter Eleven. Principles and Design of Water Treatment

  • 11.1. Introduction
  • 11.2. Water Pollution
  • 11.3. Water Quality Management
  • 11.4. Treatment Technologies
  • 11.5. Drinking Water Quality Monitoring
  • 11.6. Removal of Dissolved Salts: Desalination Technologies
  • 11.7. Dual Water Distribution
  • 11.8. Sources of Wastes in Water Treatment

Chapter Twelve. Wastewater Treatment Technologies

  • 12.1. Introduction
  • 12.2. Collection of Wastes
  • 12.3. Sources and Types of Wastewater
  • 12.4. Composition of Wastewater
  • 12.5. Classification of Treatment Processes
  • 12.6. Process Details
  • 12.7. Sludge Treatment
  • 12.8. Disinfection of Wastewater
  • 12.9. Tertiary and Advanced Wastewater Treatment

Chapter Thirteen. Industrial Wastewater Treatment Technologies, Recycling, and Reuse

  • 13.1. Introduction
  • 13.2. Treatment of Industrial Wastes
  • 13.3. Membrane Separation
  • 13.4. Chemical Oxidation
  • 13.5. Adsorption
  • 13.6. Ion Exchange
  • 13.7. Air and Steam Stripping
  • 13.8. Pervaporation
  • 13.9. Solvent Extraction
  • 13.10. Gaseous Emissions From Industrial Waste Waters With Specific Reference to GHGs
  • 13.11. Waste Minimization and Clean Technologies
  • 13.12. Performing a Waste/Effluent Minimization Assessment
  • 13.13. Clean Technologies

Chapter Fourteen. Air Pollution Control Technologies

  • 14.1. Introduction
  • 14.2. Classification of Air Pollutants, Their Sources of Emission, and Air Quality Standards
  • 14.3. Air Pollutants and Their Harmful Effects
  • 14.4. Air Pollution Dispersions: Temperature Lapse Rates and Stability
  • 14.5. Temperature Lapse Rates
  • 14.6. Temperature Inversion
  • 14.7. Plume Characteristics and Plume Behavior
  • 14.8. Gaussian Plume Model
  • 14.9. Air Pollution Control Technologies
  • 14.10. Methods of Control of Emissions From Point Sources for Oxides of Sulfur, Nitrogen, and Carbon

Chapter Fifteen. Noise Pollution and Its Control

  • 15.1. Introduction
  • 15.2. Sources of Noise
  • 15.3. Effects of Noise Pollution
  • 15.4. Effects on Health
  • 15.5. Industrial Noise
  • 15.6. Noise Source from Transportation Sector
  • 15.7. The Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) Rules, 2000, in India
  • 15.8. General Noise Control
  • 15.9. Control of Noise From Industry
  • 15.10. Control of Noise From Transportation
  • 15.11. Comparison of Air and Noise Pollution

Chapter Sixteen. Solid Waste Management

  • 16.1. Introduction
  • 16.2. Solid Waste and Its Composition
  • 16.3. Typical Issues in Solid Waste Management
  • 16.4. Steps in Solid Waste Management
  • 16.5. Methods of Waste Disposal
  • 16.6. Green Productivity of Solid Waste

Chapter Seventeen. Hazardous Waste Management

  • 17.1. Introduction
  • 17.2. Definition of Hazardous Waste
  • 17.3. Effect on Health
  • 17.4. Sampling and Analysis of Hazardous Waste
  • 17.5. Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facilities
  • 17.6. Creation of Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facilities
  • 17.7. Design of Landfill
  • 17.8. Operation
  • 17.9. Post-monitoring
  • 17.10. Safety and Occupation Hygiene

Chapter Eighteen. Analytical Methods for Monitoring Environmental Pollution

  • 18.1. Introduction
  • 18.2. Statistical Approach
  • 18.3. Instrumental Methods of Analysis
  • 18.4. Water Quality Analysis
  • 18.5. Physical and Chemical Examination of Wastewater
  • 18.6. Examination of Industrial Wastewaters
  • 18.7. Examination of Sludge and Bottom Sediments in Wastewater Treatment Process and in Polluted Rivers, Lakes, and Estuaries
  • 18.8. Bacteriologic Examinations of Water to Determine Its Sanitary Quality
  • 18.9. Soil Quality Assessment
  • 18.10. Air Quality Assessment
  • 18.11. Biological Assessment
  • 18.12. Quality of the Results and Presentation

Appendix 1. International Environmental Law

Appendix 2

Appendix 3

Appendix 4

Appendix 5

Appendix 6

Appendix 7. Standards Followed in Environmental Impact Assessment Studies


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© Butterworth-Heinemann 2017
23rd January 2017
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About the Authors

I.V Murali Krishna

DR. IV MURALI KRISHNA, Dr Raja Ramanna Distinguished Fellow Government of India, has his Ph D from Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore in Engineering Faculty and M Tech from IIT Madras. He was formerly, Adjunct Professor, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok. Prior to that he was a faculty member and Professor in Spatial information Technology during 1990-2008 at JNT University at Hyderabad and former Director of Research and Development Centre at JNT University, and is basically an Environment and Water Resources Engineer with expertise in Geospatial Technology, Terrain mapping, Environmental Management, Climate Change, Numerical Modelling and Environmental impact assessment. Earlier he worked as Faculty in Ocean Engineering centre at IIT –Madras during 1978-79 and Scientist National Remote Sensing Centre/ISRO, Department of Space during 1980s for 8 years. He has executed several projects for government of India. He is a member of MOEF, NNRMS committee, Government of India and consultant to Administrative Staff College of India, Hyderabad from 2008 onwards for 4 projects on Bhu Bharati Land survey project evaluation, Manuals for EIA, Reorganization of Hazardous waste Management Division of MOEF, GOI and assessment of impact of climate change on Agriculture. He has co-authored books on Climate Change and Weather Modification Technologies and chapters on Global Data Base Design, ISPRS Publication Edited by Ryutaro Tateishi, Chiba University, Japan and Remote sensing applications in Marine Science and Tech. Edited by AP Cracknell, Univ of Dundee Scotland /published by European Space Agency. He has more than 100 papers in peer reviewed journals to his credit and has guided 40 Ph.D studies to date.

Affiliations and Expertise

Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad, India

Valli Manickam

Dr VALLI MANICKAM, Professor and Chairperson, Environment Area of Administrative Staff College of India [ASCI], has her Ph.D in Environmental Science and Technology with Masters in both Computer Applications and Sciences, with over ten years of teaching experience in the field of environmental science (to post graduate students). Prior to joining ASCI, she was at Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad. She has worked for a number of environmental projects and activities which include environmental impact assessment study for taking up industrial or tourism activity, study of lakes in and around Hyderabad, study of pollution in surface and ground waters, review of environmental statements, risk assessment, common effluent treatment plants, air pollution assessment studies, weather modification operations. Dr Valli has conducted training programs in ASCI for IFS officers in the area of Natural Resource Management, Environmental Indicators and Environmental Economics besides organizing three international conferences and three workshops. She has coauthored five books in the field of environment on Environmental Impact Assessment, Analytical Chemistry, C for Environmental Engineers, Climate Change and Weather Modification Technologies. She has published about 30 papers in national and international referred journals. She is presently executing projects sponsored by MoEF, DST and other state governments. She has carried out consultancy assignments for various national and state organizations in areas of environmental importance. She has been awarded Fellow by the AP Academy of Sciences in 2015 for her contribution in the areas of environmental science and technology.

Affiliations and Expertise

Administrative Staff College of India, Hyderabad, India

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