Environmental Impact of Energy Strategies Within the EEC

Environmental Impact of Energy Strategies Within the EEC

A Report Prepared for the Environment and Consumer Protection, Service of the Commission of the European Communities

1st Edition - January 1, 1980

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  • Author: Unknown Author
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483138350

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Environmental Impact of Energy Strategies within the EEC is a report prepared for the Environment and Consumer Protection Service of the Commission of the European Communities. The report aims to examine the effects on the environment of the production and use of different forms of energy within the community and to determine the scope for minimizing environmental impact through the adoption of appropriate energy strategies. After an introduction, this report presents in Sections 2 and 3 the summary, conclusions, and recommendations presented at the time of the Nuclear Hearings. The main body of the report is further divided into two parts. Part A contains the assessment of future community energy needs and the forecasts of primary energy supply according to various alternative energy strategies. Part B focuses on the potential environmental consequences resulting from the production and consumption of different sources of energy.

Table of Contents

  • Preface


    1. Introduction

    2. Conclusions

    2.1 1976-2000 Community energy demand

    2.2 Energy supply

    2.3 Environmental impact

    3. Recommendations

    Part A - Energy Demand/Supply

    4. Demand for Energy

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Economic assumptions

    4.3 Conservation

    4.4 Transport energy demand

    4.5 Industrial sector demand

    4.6 Domestic sector demand

    5. Energy Supply

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Supply constraints

    Fossil fuels


    5.3 Energy strategies

    Maximum nuclear

    Maximum fossil fuel

    Maximum renewable sources

    Maximum conservation strategies

    5.4 Energy industry use

    Electricity generation

    SNG manufacture

    Refinery fuel requirements

    5.5 Primary energy balances

    5.6 Imported primary energy requirements


    Part B - Environmental Impact

    6. Introduction

    7. Thermal Pollution

    8. Nuclear Power

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 The nuclear fuel cycle

    8.3 Reactor operation

    8.4 Nuclear proliferation and socio-political impact

    9. Fossil Fuel Production And Use


    9.1 Coal

    9.2 Oil

    9.2 Natural gas

    Combustion - Global

    9.4 Impact of CO2 emissions on climate

    9.5 Particulate emissions

    Combustion - Local and Regional Impacts

    9.6 Sulphur oxides

    9.7 Other atmospheric pollutants (NOx, particulates CO2 and HC)

    9.8 Water pollution

    9.9 Solid wastes

    9.10 Land requirements

    9.11 Demand for water

    10. Renewable Primary Energy Developments

    10.1 Solar energy

    10.2 Wind power

    10.3 Tidal power

    10.4 Wave Power

    10.5 Biomass

    10.6 Combined heat and power

    10.7 Geothermal

    11. Electricity Generation

    11.1 Impact on amenity

    11.2 Water/thermal pollution

    11.3 Water requirements

    11.4 Land requirements

    12. Impact Under Alternative Energy Strategies

    12.1 Nuclear power

    12.2 Atmospheric pollution

    12.3 Water pollution

    12.4 Solid waste

    12.5 Water requirements

    12.6 Land requirements

    12.7 Renewable energy sources

    12.8 Conservation




Product details

  • No. of pages: 170
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1980
  • Published: January 1, 1980
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483138350

About the Author

Unknown Author

Dr. Sam Stuart is a physiotherapist and a research Fellow within the Balance Disorders Laboratory, OHSU. His work focuses on vision, cognition and gait in neurological disorders, examining how technology-based interventions influence these factors. He has published extensively in world leading clinical and engineering journals focusing on a broad range of activities such as real-world data analytics, algorithm development for wearable technology and provided expert opinion on technology for concussion assessment for robust player management. He is currently a guest editor for special issues (sports medicine and transcranial direct current stimulation for motor rehabilitation) within Physiological Measurement and Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, respectively.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Research Fellow, Department of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Northumbria University, UK Honorary Physiotherapist, Northumbria Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust, North Shields, UK

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