Policy-makers and the public, it has famously been said, are more interested in the possibility of non-linear dislocations and surprises in the behaviour of the environment than in smooth extrapolations of current trends. The International Task Force in Forecasting Environmental Change (1993-1998) dedicated its work to developing procedures of model building capable of addressing our palpable concerns for substantial change in the future. This volume discusses the immense challenges that such structural change presents - that the behaviour of the environment may become radically different from that observed in the past - and investigates the potentially profound implications for model development.
Drawing upon case histories from the Great Lakes, acidic atmospheric deposition and, among others, the urban ozone problem, this discourse responds to a new agenda of questions. For example: "What system of 'radar' might we design to detect threats to the environment lying just beyond the 'horizon'?" and "Are the seeds of structural change identifiable within the record of the recent past?"
Meticulously researched by leading environmental modellers, this milestone volume engages vigorously with its subject and offers an animated account of how models can begin to take into consideration the significant threats and uncertainties posed by structural change.
- Introduction (M.B. Beck).
- We have a problem (M.B. Beck).
- Beginnings of a change of perspective (M.B. Beck).
- Structural change: A definition (M.B. Beck).
- The manifesto (M.B. Beck).
- Epilogue (M.B. Beck). Part II
- Lake Erie and evolving issues of the quality of its water (W.M. Schertzer, D.C.L. Lam).
- Impacts of acidic atmospheric deposition on the chemical composition of stream water and soil water (G.M. Hornberger).
- The ozone problem (R.L. Dennis). Part III
- Belief networks: Generating the feared dislocations (O. Varis).
- Random search and the reachability of target futures (M.B. Beck, J. Chen, O.O. Osidele).
- Uncertainty and the detection of structural change in models of environmental systems (K.J. Beven).
- Simplicity out of complexity (P.C. Young, S. Parkinson, M. Lees).
- Structural effects of landscape and land use in streamflow response (T.S. Kokkonen, A.J. Jakeman).
- Elasto-plastic deformation of structure (M.B. Beck, J.D. Stigter, D. Lloyd Smith).
- Detecting and forecasting growth in the seeds of change (J. Chen, M.B. Beck).
- Probing the shores of ignorance (R.L. Dennis, J.R. Arnold, G.S. Tonnesen).Part IV
- Parametric change as the agent of control (K.J. Keesman).
- Identifying the inclination of a system towards a terminal state from current observations (A.V. Kryazhimskii, M.B. Beck). Biosketches of authors. Subject Index.
- No. of pages:
- © Elsevier Science 2002
- 20th March 2002
- Elsevier Science
- eBook ISBN:
- Hardcover ISBN:
"...it presents substantially new thinking, the beginnings of a change of perspective based on almost a decade of research..." -WASTE MANAGEMENT, VOL. 24, 2005 @qu:...Meticulously researched by leading environmental modellers, this milestone volume engages vigorously with its subject and offers a vital account of how models can begin to take into consideration the significant threats and uncertainities that structural change poses. @source:International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry @qu:...I highly recommend the book for all modelers involved in the environmental sciences. @source:Resources, Conservation & Recycling @from:S. Balram @qu:...advanced students, professionals, and academic researchers involved with modelling environmental systems will find this book valuable reading. @source:Environments