Engineering in Rock Masses - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780750619653, 9781483105192

Engineering in Rock Masses

1st Edition

Editors: F G Bell
eBook ISBN: 9781483105192
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 14th March 1994
Page Count: 592
Tax/VAT will be calculated at check-out Price includes VAT (GST)
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
20% off
20% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
20% off
20% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
20% off
20% off
70.95
49.66
49.66
49.66
49.66
49.66
56.76
56.76
56.99
39.89
39.89
39.89
39.89
39.89
45.59
45.59
93.95
65.77
65.77
65.77
65.77
65.77
75.16
75.16
Unavailable
Price includes VAT (GST)
× DRM-Free

Easy - Download and start reading immediately. There’s no activation process to access eBooks; all eBooks are fully searchable, and enabled for copying, pasting, and printing.

Flexible - Read on multiple operating systems and devices. Easily read eBooks on smart phones, computers, or any eBook readers, including Kindle.

Open - Buy once, receive and download all available eBook formats, including PDF, EPUB, and Mobi (for Kindle).

Institutional Access

Secure Checkout

Personal information is secured with SSL technology.

Free Shipping

Free global shipping
No minimum order.

Description

Engineering in Rock Masses is a 26-chapter text that deals with the behavior, investigation, and construction of rock masses.

The first chapters review the properties, behavior, classification, and occurrence of groundwater in rock masses. The subsequent chapters discuss the stress analysis, exploration, laboratory testing, geophysical methods, and instrumentation in these materials. These topics are followed by discussions of slope stability, rockfall problems, settlement and bearing capacity, subsidence, and seismic movements of rocks and rock masses. This work also evaluates the role of pumping system, ground freezing, grouting, rock anchors, drilling, blasting, and open excavation. The remaining chapters look into the rock masses’ tunneling, underground chambers, shafts, socketed foundations, and retaining structures.

This book will be of great value to practicing civil and mining engineers, engineering geologists, and researchers.

Table of Contents


Preface

List of Contributors

1 Properties and Behavior of Rocks and Rock Masses

1.1 Geological Aspects: Igneous Rocks

1.2 Geological Aspects: Metamorphic Rocks

1.3 Geological Aspects: Sedimentary Rocks

1.4 Factors Controlling the Mechanical Behavior of Rocks

1.5 Deformation and Failure of Rocks

1.6 Strength of Discontinuous Rock Masses and its Assessment

References

2 Influence of Weathering and Discontinuities on the Behavior of Rock Masses

Weathering

2.1 Rate of Weathering

2.2 Mechanical Weathering

2.3 Chemical and Biological Weathering

2.4 Slaking and Swelling of Mudrocks

2.5 Engineering Classification of Weathering

Discontinuities

2.6 Nomenclature of Joints

2.7 Origins of Joints

2.8 Description of Jointed Rock Masses

2.9 Discontinuities and Rock Quality Indices

2.10 Recording Discontinuity Data

References

3 Description and Classification of Rock Masses

3.1 Description of Rocks and Rock Masses

3.2 Properties of Rocks and Rock Masses

3.3 Basic Geotechnical Description of ISRM

3.4 Principles of Classification

3.5 Review of Classifications

3.6 The Rating Concept

References

4 Groundwater in Rock Masses

4.1 Basic Concepts

4.2 Hydrodynamics of Porous and Equivalent Media

4.3 Discontinuous Media

4.4 Hydromechanical Coupling

References

5 Block Theory in Rock Engineering

5.1 Properties of a Rock Mass and Computational Possibilities

5.2 Stereographic Projection

5.3 Block Theory

5.4 Case I: Analysis Given Only the Orientations of the Joints

5.5 Case II: Further Analysis Given the Joint Friction Angles

5.6 Case III: Further Analysis to Define Real Keyblocks Given the Locations of Joint Traces

5.7 Case IV: Further Analysis for Known Initial Stress, Joint Dilatancy or Rock Permeability - the Block Reaction Curve

5.8 An Example

5.9 Conclusions

References

6 Stress Analysis for Rock Masses

6.1 Purpose

6.2 In situ State of Stress

6.3 Classical Stress Analysis

6.4 Zone of Influence of an Excavation

6.5 Excagvation Shape and Boundary Stresses

6.6 Rock Structure and Boundary Stresses

6.7 Computational Methods of Stress Analysis

6.8 Boundary Element Method

6.9 Finite Difference and Distinct Element Methods

6.10 Finite Element Method

References

7 Exploration and Investigation of Rock Masses

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Methodology for Rock-Mass Investigation

7.3 Methods for the Study of Rock Masses

References

Further Reading

8 Laboratory Testing of Rocks

8.1 Density and Porosity

8.2 Water Sorption and Capillarity

8.3 Permeability

8.4 Durability of Weak Rocks

8.5 Compressive and Shear Strength

8.6 Hardness

8.7 Elastic Properties

References

9 Rock-Mass Assessment Using Geophysical Methods

9.1 Geomechanical Properties

9.2 Geophysical Properties

9.3 Surface Geophysical Methods

9.4 Drillhole Geophysical Methods

9.5 Geophysical Classification

References

10 Instrumentation in Rock Masses

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Measurement of Groundwater Level and Pore Water Pressure

10.3 Measurement of Stress and Strain in Rock Masses

10.4 Stress-Change Measurements

10.5 Measurement of Displacement

References

Acknowledgment

11 Slope Stability and Rockfall Problems in Rock Masses

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Slope Stability in Rock Masses

11.3 Rockfalls

11.4 Conclusions

References

12 Settlement and Bearing Capacity of Rock Masses

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Geological Characterization

12.3 Geomechanical Models

12.4 Settlement of Foundations on Rock

12.5 Axial Compression Capacity of Foundations

12.6 Uplift Capacity

12.7 Lateral Capacity

12.8 Acknowledgements

References

13 Subsidence in Rock Masses

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Subsidence Due to Coal Mining

13.3 Subsidence in Metalliferous Mining

13.4 Subsidence Due to the Abstraction of Fluids

13.5 Methods of Subsidence Prediction

References

14 Seismic Movements and Rock Masses

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Basic Principles of Seismic Action

14.3 Analysis - an Overview

14.4 Earthquakes and Foundations in Rock

14.5 Earthquakes and Natural Rock Slopes

14.6 Earthquakes and Open-Pit Mining

14.7 Earthquakes, Caverns and Tunnels

14.8 Design to Improve Resistance to Earthquakes

References

15 Control of Groundwater in Rock Masses by Pumping Systems

15.1 Introduction

15.2 The Overburden and Open-Cast Mining

15.3 Some Aspects of Soil Structure of Alluvials

15.4 Rock Types and Groundwater

15.5 Engineering Precautions

15.6 Initial Investigation

15.7 Underground Water in Rocks

15.8 System Design Guidelines

15.9 Summary

Acknowledgements

References

16 Ground Freezing

16.1 Introduction

16.2 Freezing Methods

16.3 Hydrogeology and Ground Freezing

16.4 Design of a Frozen Wall

16.5 Placing Concrete Against Frozen Ground

16.6 Monitoring Frozen Ground

References

17 Grouting in Rock Masses

17.1 Nature and Purposes of Grouting

17.2 Site Investigation

17.3 When is Grouting Necessary?

17.4 Types of Grout

17.5 Cement Grouting Equipment

17.6 Stage Grouting and Methods

17.7 Closure Grouting

17.8 Grout Curtain Design

17.9 Grout Pressures

17.10 The Nature of Grout Penetration in Cracks

17.11 Water : Cement Ratio and its Effect on Durability

17.12 Grouting of Fine Cracks

17.13 Grouting of Stressed Rock

17.14 Assessment of Grouting

17.15 Some Words of Caution and Encouragement to the Inexperienced

Acknowledgment

References

Bibliography

18 Reinforcement and Support of Rock Masses

18.1 Introduction

18.2 Dowels

18.3 Rockbolts

18.4 Sprayed Mortar and Concrete

Acknowledgment

References

19 Rock Anchors

19.1 General Approach to Anchoring

19.2 The Components of an Anchor System

19.3 The Tendon System

19.4 The Mechanics of Load Mobilization

19.5 Anchors in Soft Rocks

19.6 Anchor Construction

19.7 Anchor Testing

19.8 Anchor Performance

19.9 Anchor Monitoring

19.10 Anchor Maintenance

19.11 Uncertainty in Anchor Use

References

20 Drilling and Blasting of Rock Masses

20.1 Drilling of Rock Masses

20.2 Blasting of Rock Masses

20.3 Explosives

Symbols

Bibliography

21 Open Excavation in Rock Masses

21.1 Introduction

21.2 Groundwater and Excavation

21.3 Methods of Excavation: Drilling and Blasting

21.4 Methods of Excavation: Ripping

21.5 Diggability

References

22 Tunnelling in Rock Masses

22.1 General Approach for Tunnelling Projects

22.2 Site Investigations and Ground Probings

22.3 Excavation and Support Methods for Rock Tunnelling

22.4 Structural Design of Tunnels

22.5 In situ Monitoring and its Interpretation

22.6 Structural Detailing of the Lining

22.7 Documents for Tunnelling

References

23 Underground Chambers in Hard Rock Masses

23.1 Introduction

23.2 Benefits of Underground Chambers

23.3 Design and Construction Procedure for Underground Chambers

23.4 Site Characterization

23.5 Rock-Mass Classification

23.6 Rock-Engineering Considerations

23.7 Rock Support and Reinforcement

23.8 Application of Design and Construction Procedure to an Intermediate Storage Facility for Spent Nuclear Fuel

References

24 Shafts and Raises in Rock Masses

24.1 Introduction

24.2 Shaft and Raise Design

24.3 Shaft and Raise Construction

24.4 Scenario of Shaft and Raise Construction

References

25 Socketed Foundations in Rock Masses

25.1 Introduction

25.2 Axial Loading

25.3 Lateral Loading

25.4 Design Example

Acknowledgments

References

26 Retaining Structures for Rock Masses

26.1 Introduction: General Aspects

26.2 Failure Modes in Rock Masses

26.3 Strength Parameters

26.4 Lateral Pressures on Retaining Structures

26.5 Effects of Surcharge Loading

26.6 Effect of Slope Creep

26.7 Stability of Retaining Structures

26.8 Monolithic Retaining Walls

26.9 Special Types of Retaining Walls

26.10 Composite Retaining Structures

26.11 Rock Reinforcement, Rock Anchoring

26.12 Dowelling of Rock Bodies

26.13 Rock Grouting

26.14 Spaced and Single Restraining Structures

26.15 Protective Structures for Bridges and Masts

26.16 Accompanying Measures

26.17 Final Remarks

References and Further Reading

Index

Details

No. of pages:
592
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 1992
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9781483105192

About the Editor

F G Bell

Affiliations and Expertise

Formerly University of Natal, South Africa