Engineering Geological Mapping - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780750610100, 9781483102610

Engineering Geological Mapping

1st Edition

Authors: W. R. Dearman
eBook ISBN: 9781483102610
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 10th June 1991
Page Count: 396
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Engineer Geologic Mapping is a guide to the principles, concepts, methods, and practices involved in geological mapping, as well as the applications of geology in engineering.
The book covers related topics such as the definition of engineering geology; principles involved in geological mapping; methods on how to make engineering geological maps; and rock and soil description and classifications. Also covered in the book are topics such as the different kinds of engineering geological mapping; the zoning concept in engineering geological mapping; terrain evaluation; construction sites; and land and water management.
The text is recommended for engineers and geologists who would like to be familiarized with the concepts and practices involved in geological mapping.

Table of Contents


1 Introduction

1.1 Definition of engineering geology

1.2 Recording the early applications of geology in engineering

2 Principles of Engineering Geological Mapping

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Purpose

2.3 Scale

2.4 Classification and description of rocks and soils

2.5 Classification of mapping units for engineering geological mapping

2.6 Relation between engineering geological and lithostratigraphical map units

2.7 Other aspects of mapping

2.8 Types of map

3 How to Make Engineering Geological Maps

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Data collection

3.3 Derivative maps and plans

3.4 Mapping techniques for site plans

4 Rock and Soil Description and Classification for Engineering Geological Mapping

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Early developments in rock description and classification

4.3 Principles of classification and description of rocks and soils

4.4 Bases for classification of rocks and soils for engineering purposes

4.5 A lithological classification of rocks

4.6 Description of rocks for engineering purposes

4.7 Description of weathering profile in rock mass

4.8 Classification of soils for engineering purposes

4.9 Description of soils

4.10 Additional geological information for rock and soil description

4.11 Made ground

5 How To Present Data

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Format and content of engineering geological maps

5.3 Layout and content of engineering geological plans

5.4 Supplementation of existing geological maps for engineering purposes

5.5 Other aspects of presentation

5.6 Explanation or legend

5.7 Legend for engineering geology maps and plans

5.8 Another example of a legend

6 Czechoslovakian Stripe Method and Parallel Developments

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Practical applications of the stripe method

6.3 Development of medium-scale 1:25 000 engineering geological maps

6.4 Use of the stripe method in the Federal Republic of Germany

6.5 Application of the stripe method for other purposes

6.6 Engineering geological cartography in France: 1965-1970

6.7 Application of the stripe method in the UK

7 The Zoning Concept in Engineering Geological Mapping

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Methods of classification

7.3 Effect of map scale on selection of mapping units

7.4 The zoning concept: examples from Czechoslovakia

7.5 General zoning maps

7.6 Medium-scale zoning maps

7.7 Zoning plans

7.8 Other types of zoning map

8 General or Synoptic Engineering Geological Maps

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Engineering geological map of the world

8.3 Engineering geological map of the USA

8.4 Content of general engineering geological maps

8.5 General engineering geological map of the soils and rocks of the UK

8.6 Glacial terrain map of Britain

9 Terrain Evaluation: Cost-Effective Mapping

9.1 Introduction

9.2 PUCE system for terrain analysis

9.3 Oxford-MEXE system of terrain classification

9.4 Other studies of land classification

9.5 Remote sensing for land surface evaluation

9.6 Small-scale engineering geological maps

10 Urban Engineering Geological Maps

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Interpreting geological maps for engineering purposes

10.3 Areal and engineering geology urban maps

10.4 Maps of surface and underground quarries in Paris

10.5 Uncovered geological and geotechnical plans of Warsaw

10.6 Maps of Prague: 1960-1978

10.7 Hong Kong: terrain classification for geotechnical purposes in deeply weathered rocks

10.8 United Kingdom: mapping in the urban environment

10.9 A case study of engineering geological mapping at various scales in North-East England

11 Construction Sites

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Methods of mapping at the plan scale

11.3 Recording at plan scale using descriptive rock and soil characteristics

11.4 Plans produced at feasibility and site investigation stages

11.5 Example of plans produced by terrestrial photogrammetry

11.6 Application of geomorphological mapping to site investigation

11.7 Foundation mapping

11.8 Mapping cuttings

11.9 Large underground openings

11.10 Tunnels

11.11 Shafts

12 Hazard and Risk Assessment

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Hazard evaluations made in the course of geological surveys

12.3 Landslide hazard and risk maps

12.4 Earthquake hazard and risk maps

12.5 Volcanic hazard and risk maps

12.6 Maps of other geological hazards

12.7 Risk maps

13 Land and Water Management: Environmental Geology Mapping

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Environmental geology mapping in the UK

13.3 Environmental geology maps in the USA

13.4 Land capability analysis

13.5 Quantitative land capability analysis

13.6 Water resources in environmental planning

14 Prospect

Appendix 1 Alternative Symbols for Soils and Rocks

Appendix 2 Rock Mass Description and Discontinuity Data Sheets





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About the Author

W. R. Dearman

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