Energy Storage for Smart Grids

Energy Storage for Smart Grids

Planning and Operation for Renewable and Variable Energy Resources (VERs)

1st Edition - October 18, 2014

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  • Authors: Pengwei Du, Ning Lu
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124095434
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124104914

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Energy storage is a main component of any holistic consideration of smart grids, particularly when incorporating power derived from variable, distributed and renewable energy resources. Energy Storage for Smart Grids delves into detailed coverage of the entire spectrum of available and emerging storage technologies, presented in the context of economic and practical considerations. Featuring the latest research findings from the world’s foremost energy storage experts, complete with data analysis, field tests, and simulation results, this book helps device manufacturers develop robust business cases for the inclusion of storage in grid applications. It also provides the comparisons and explanations grid planners and operators need to make informed decisions about which storage solutions will be most successful when implemented in operational grids.

Key Features

  • Connects the latest research findings in energy storage with strategies for economical and practical implementation in grid systems
  • Brings together diverse knowledge resources in one comprehensive volume covering all major storage technologies, explained by experts from the world's leading research institutions
  • Includes detailed data analysis from field tests and simulations to help planners and engineers choose the storage method that will add the most value to their grid operations


Researchers, engineers and scientists working with renewable energy, energy storage and/or grid transmission, power systems planners and operators, energy storage engineers and designers

Table of Contents

    • Preface
    • Chapter 1: Energy Storage for Mitigating the Variability of Renewable Electricity Sources
      • Abstract
      • Acknowledgments
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 An Overview of Variable Renewable Electricity Sources
      • 3 Electric Energy-Storage Applications and Technologies
      • 4 Discussion
      • 5 Conclusion
    • Chapter 2: Assessment of Revenue Potentials of Ancillary Service Provision by Flexible Unit Portfolios
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction and Literature Review
      • 2 Aggregators in Electricity Markets
      • 3 Modeling of Revenue Potential
      • 4 Simulation Study
      • 5 Profit-Sharing Methodology
      • 6 Concluding Remarks
    • Chapter 3: Potential of Sodium-Sulfur Battery Energy Storage to Enable Further Integration of Wind
      • Abstract
      • Acknowledgments
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Energy storage as an alternative
      • 3 Sodium-Sulfur battery energy storage
      • 4 Generation shifting
      • 5 Ramp-rate limiting
      • 6 Integrating generation shifting and ramp-rate limiting
      • 7 Concluding remarks
    • Chapter 4: Application of Energy Storage for Fast Regulation Service in Energy Market
      • Abstract
      • Acknowledgments
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Overview of Secondary Regulation Control
      • 3 Procurement of Regulation Services and Compensation
      • 4 Market-Clearance Processing: PJM as an Example
      • 5 Fast-Regulation Service – ERCOT as an Example
      • 6 Summary
    • Chapter 5: Impact of Energy Storage on Cascade Mitigation in Multi-Energy Systems
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Basic concepts and definitions
      • 3 System considerations
      • 4 Bi-level cascade-mitigation framework
      • 5 Multi-energy cascade mitigation
      • 6 Cascade mitigation in electric-power systems
      • 7 Summary
    • Chapter 6: Incorporating Short-Term Stored Energy Resource into MISO Energy and Ancillary Service Market and Development of Performance-Based Regulation Payment
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Market-Product Qualification and Market-Clearing Price on Short-term SER
      • 3 Real-Time Dispatch
      • 4 Day-Ahead and Reliability Assessment Commitment Dispatch
      • 5 AGC Deployment
      • 6 Implementing Performance-based Regulation Compensation
      • 7 Conclusion
    • Chapter 7: Day-Ahead and Real-Time Markets Simulation Methodology on Hydro Storage
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Hydro-System Model
      • 3 Hydro-Unit Performance Curve
      • 4 Value of Water in Storage Curve
      • 5 Simulation Methodology
      • 6 DA/RT Interleave Method
      • 7 Implementation
      • 8 Conclusions
      • Appendix
    • Chapter 8: Power-System Reliability Impact of Energy-Storage Integration with Intelligent-Operation Strategy
      • Abstract
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Energy-storage operation strategy in a distribution system
      • 3. Energy-storage coordination
      • 4. Reliability-evaluation framework
      • 5. Case study
      • 6. Conclusion
    • Chapter 9: Electric Vehicles as Energy Storage: V2G Capacity Estimation*
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Availability and Nature of Intermittency of Solar-Photovoltaic and Wind-Energy Systems
      • 3 EV Charge-Scheduling Algorithm
      • 4 V2G Capacity-estimation Method
      • 5 Case Study
    • Chapter 10: Decentralized Energy Storage in Residential Feeders with Photovoltaics
      • Abstract
      • 1 PV generation in the power system
      • 2 PV integration – benefits and challenges
      • 3 Storage-strategy working principle
      • 4 Energy management in houses with PV
      • 5 Application of Decentralized Energy Storage
      • 6 ESS battery lifetime with decentralized storage
      • 7 Conclusion
    • Chapter 11: Operation of Independent Large-Scale Battery-Storage Systems in Energy and Reserve Markets*
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Problem Formulation
      • 3 Solution Methods
      • 4 Numerical Results
      • 5 Conclusions
      • Appendix
    • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 366
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2014
  • Published: October 18, 2014
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124095434
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124104914

About the Authors

Pengwei Du

Dr. Pengwei Du is currently Senior Operation Engineer-Renewable Integration with the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT). Prior to this, he was a senior research engineer with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) from 2008 to 2013. Dr. Du has over 10-year extensive experiences in simulation, modeling, protection and control of power systems, renewable energy integration, microgrid, and cyber security. He has been the Principal Investigator (PI) or Co-PI of more than $2.0 million in research grants on renewable integration, demand response and wide-area monitoring and control at PNNL. He has been major author for over 50 journal articles, conference papers, and technical reports. Dr. Du holds two U.S. patents and has two pending. He is Guest Editor-in-Chief for Special Issue on "Energy Storage Applications for Smart Grid” and Guest Editor for Special Issue on "Smart Grid Technologies and Development in China" in IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid. Dr. Du was also an adjunct professor at Washington State University in 2012. He graduated from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute with a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Operation Engineer-Renewable Integration, The Electric Reliability Council of Texas

Ning Lu

Dr. Ning Lu has 20 years of experience in electric power engineering. From 2003 to 2012, Dr. Ning Lu was a senior research engineer with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. She was a substation design engineer with the Shenyang Electric Power Survey and Design Institute from 1993 to 1998. She has conducted and managed research projects in modeling and analysis of power system load behaviors, wide area energy storage management systems, renewable integration, climate impact on power grids, and smart grid modeling and diagnosis. Dr. Lu is a senior member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. She has authored or co-authored more than 60 publications, including journal articles, conference proceedings, and technical reports.

Affiliations and Expertise

Faculty, NC State University, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

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