Despite the vast research on energy optimization and process integration, there has to date been no synthesis linking these together. This book fills the gap, presenting optimization and integration in energy and process engineering. The content is based on the current literature and includes novel approaches developed by the authors.
Various thermal and chemical systems (heat and mass exchangers, thermal and water networks, energy converters, recovery units, solar collectors, and separators) are considered. Thermodynamics, kinetics and economics are used to formulate and solve problems with constraints on process rates, equipment size, environmental parameters, and costs.
Comprehensive coverage of dynamic optimization of energy conversion systems and separation units is provided along with suitable computational algorithms for deterministic and stochastic optimization approaches based on: nonlinear programming, dynamic programming, variational calculus, Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman theory, Pontryagin's maximum principles, and special methods of process integration.
Integration of heat energy and process water within a total site is shown to be a significant factor reducing production costs, in particular costs of utilities for the chemical industry. This integration involves systematic design and optimization of heat exchangers and water networks (HEN and WN). After presenting basic, insight-based Pinch Technology, systematic, optimization-based sequential and simultaneous approaches to design HEN and WN are described. Special consideration is given to the HEN design problem targeting stage, in view of its importance at various levels of system design. Selected, advanced methods for HEN synthesis and retrofit are presented. For WN design a novel approach based on stochastic optimization is described that accounts for both grassroot and revamp design scenarios.
- Presents a unique synthesis of energy optimization and process integration that applies scientific information from thermodynamics, kinetics, and systems theory
- Discusses engineering applications including power generation, resource upgrading, radiation conversion and chemical transformation, in static and dynamic systems
- Clarifies how to identify thermal and chemical constraints and incorporate them into optimization models and solutions
Graduate students and researchers in chemical, mechanical, materials and environmental engineering, as well as those engaged in system theory, operation research, applied mathematics, applied physics and chemistry
Chapter 1. Brief review of static optimization methods
Chapter 2. Dynamic optimization problems
Chapter 3. Optimization of thermal engines and heat pumps at steady states
Chapter 4. Hamiltonian optimization of imperfect cascades
Chapter 5. Maximum power from solar energy
Chapter 6. Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman theory of energy systems
Chapter 7. Numerical optimization in allocation, storage and recovery of thermal energy and resources
Chapter 8. Optimal control of separation processes
Chapter 9. Optimal decisions for chemical and electrochemical reactors
Chapter 10. Energy limits and evolution in biological systems
Chapter 11. Systems theory in thermal and chemical engineering
Chapter 12. Heat integration within process integration
Chapter 13. Maximum heat recovery and its consequences for process system design
Chapter 14. Targeting and supertargeting in heat exchanger network (HEN) design
Chapter 15. Minimum utility cost (MUC) target by optimization approaches
Chapter 16. Minimum number of units (MNU) and minimum total surface area (MTA) targets
Chapter 17. Simultaneous HEN targeting for total annual cost
Chapter 18. Heat exchanger network synthesis
Chapter 19. Heat exchanger network retrofit
Chapter 20. Approaches to water network design
- No. of pages:
- © Elsevier Science 2009
- 22nd May 2009
- Elsevier Science
- eBook ISBN:
- Hardcover ISBN:
Prof. Stanislaw Sieniutycz (1940), PhD; ScD, since 1983 a full Professor of Chemical Engineering at Warsaw TU, Poland. Former head of Department of Process Separation at the Institute of Chemical Engineering of Warsaw TU, Poland, 1986-1989. Seminar speaker in about 40 Universities of the USA, 1984-1994. He received MsD in Chemistry in 1962, PhD in Chemical Engineering in 1968, and ScD (habilitation) in Chemical Engineering in 1973, all from Warsaw TU. Visiting professor in Universities: Budapest (Physics), Bern (Physiology), Trondheim (Chemical Physics), San Diego SU (Mathematics), Delaware (Chemical Engineering), and, several times, Chicago (Chemistry). Recognized for applications of analytical mechanics and optimal control in engineering. Author or co-author of about 250 papers and many books: Optimization in Process Engineering (WNT Warsaw 1991); Practice in Optimization (with Z. Szwast; WNT, Warsaw 1982); Conservation Laws in Variational Thermo-Hydrodynamics (Kluwer, Dordrecht 1995); Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells (with J. Jeżowski; Elsevier, Oxford 2009 and 2013); Thermodynamic Approaches in Engineering Systems (Elsevier, Oxford 2016).
Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland
Deceased. Rzeszow University of Technology, Poland