Energy Optimization in Process Systems

Energy Optimization in Process Systems

1st Edition - May 6, 2009

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  • Authors: Stanislaw Sieniutycz, Jacek Jezowski
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080914428

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Despite the vast research on energy optimization and process integration, there has to date been no synthesis linking these together. This book fills the gap, presenting optimization and integration in energy and process engineering. The content is based on the current literature and includes novel approaches developed by the authors. Various thermal and chemical systems (heat and mass exchangers, thermal and water networks, energy converters, recovery units, solar collectors, and separators) are considered. Thermodynamics, kinetics and economics are used to formulate and solve problems with constraints on process rates, equipment size, environmental parameters, and costs. Comprehensive coverage of dynamic optimization of energy conversion systems and separation units is provided along with suitable computational algorithms for deterministic and stochastic optimization approaches based on: nonlinear programming, dynamic programming, variational calculus, Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman theory, Pontryagin's maximum principles, and special methods of process integration. Integration of heat energy and process water within a total site is shown to be a significant factor reducing production costs, in particular costs of utilities for the chemical industry. This integration involves systematic design and optimization of heat exchangers and water networks (HEN and WN). After presenting basic, insight-based Pinch Technology, systematic, optimization-based sequential and simultaneous approaches to design HEN and WN are described. Special consideration is given to the HEN design problem targeting stage, in view of its importance at various levels of system design. Selected, advanced methods for HEN synthesis and retrofit are presented. For WN design a novel approach based on stochastic optimization is described that accounts for both grassroot and revamp design scenarios.

Key Features

  • Presents a unique synthesis of energy optimization and process integration that applies scientific information from thermodynamics, kinetics, and systems theory
  • Discusses engineering applications including power generation, resource upgrading, radiation conversion and chemical transformation, in static and dynamic systems
  • Clarifies how to identify thermal and chemical constraints and incorporate them into optimization models and solutions


Graduate students and researchers in chemical, mechanical, materials and environmental engineering, as well as those engaged in system theory, operation research, applied mathematics, applied physics and chemistry

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1. Brief review of static optimization methods
    Chapter 2. Dynamic optimization problems
    Chapter 3. Optimization of thermal engines and heat pumps at steady states
    Chapter 4. Hamiltonian optimization of imperfect cascades
    Chapter 5. Maximum power from solar energy
    Chapter 6. Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman theory of energy systems
    Chapter 7. Numerical optimization in allocation, storage and recovery of thermal energy and resources
    Chapter 8. Optimal control of separation processes
    Chapter 9. Optimal decisions for chemical and electrochemical reactors
    Chapter 10. Energy limits and evolution in biological systems
    Chapter 11. Systems theory in thermal and chemical engineering
    Chapter 12. Heat integration within process integration
    Chapter 13. Maximum heat recovery and its consequences for process system design
    Chapter 14. Targeting and supertargeting in heat exchanger network (HEN) design
    Chapter 15. Minimum utility cost (MUC) target by optimization approaches
    Chapter 16. Minimum number of units (MNU) and minimum total surface area (MTA) targets
    Chapter 17. Simultaneous HEN targeting for total annual cost
    Chapter 18. Heat exchanger network synthesis
    Chapter 19. Heat exchanger network retrofit
    Chapter 20. Approaches to water network design

Product details

  • No. of pages: 768
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2009
  • Published: May 6, 2009
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080914428

About the Authors

Stanislaw Sieniutycz

Stanislaw Sieniutycz is Professor of Chemical Engineering at the Institute of Chemical and Process Engineering at the Warsaw University of Technology in Poland. His research focuses on thermal and chemical engineering with special emphasis on the control, stability and optimization of chemical and electrochemical reaction systems. He published 10 books with international scientific publishers and 224 articles in international scientific journals, and 140 conference and invited papers. He is Associate Editor and Member of Editorial Board of the Journal of Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics, Associate Editor and Member of Editorial Board of the Journal: Open Systems and Information Dynamics, Associate Editor and Member of Editorial Board of the Journal: International Journal of Applied Thermodynamics, Member of Editorial Board of the Journal: Energy and Conversion Management, Associate Editor of Advances in Thermodynamics Series, Member of Committee of Chemical Engineering at Polish Academy of Sciences. He received 7 awards.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Chemical Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering, Poland

Jacek Jezowski

Affiliations and Expertise

Deceased, Rzeszów University of Technology, Poland

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