Energetics of Photosynthesis - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122943508, 9780323143042

Energetics of Photosynthesis

1st Edition

Editors: Unknown Govindjee
eBook ISBN: 9780323143042
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1975
Page Count: 716
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Description

Bioenergetics of Photosynthesis covers the transformation of energy in biological systems, with an emphasis on photosynthesis. The biochemical and biophysical aspects are given much focus in this book. The historical development of the concepts used in this book is reviewed. This reference also analyzes experimental data and their results. This publication contains 12 chapters. The first chapter introduces the concept of photosynthesis. Then, the next chapter explores the relationship between chloroplast structure and function . Other concepts covered in this book include the primary events (energy transfer and light absorption), delayed light emission, and chlorophyll fluorescence. The mechanism of excitation energy, oxygen evolution, and chlorophyll fluorescence are also explained. Furthermore, this book discusses the electron transport pathway, primary acts of energy conservation in chloroplast membranes, and molecular organization of chlorophyll. Finally, it describes the relationship of the structure of chloroplast membrane to energy coupling and ion transport. This book will be a good resource for students and researchers alike, especially in the fields of cell biology, plant physiology, biochemistry, and biophysics.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

1 Introduction to Photosynthesis

1. General

2. Primary Events

3. Secondary Events

4. Summary

Appendix I. Photosynthesis Literature

Appendix II. Constants, Conversion Factors, and Equations

References

2 Chloroplast Structure and Function

1. Introduction

2. Chloroplast Morphology

3. Localization of Photochemical Activities along the Chloroplast Lamellae

4. Substructure of Chloroplast Lamellae

5. Substructural Organization of Membrane Functional Components

6. Correlation of Membrane Substructure and Photochemical Activities

7. Summary

References

3 Primary Events and the Trapping of Energy

1. Introduction

2. Chlorophyll Spectroscopy

3. Chlorophylls in Photosynthetic Membranes

4. Primary Photochemistry of Photosynthesis

5. Summary

References

4 Excitation Energy Transfer and Migration: Theoretical Considerations

1. Excited Electronic States in Condensed Systems

2. Energy Transfer

3. Random Walks of Excitons on Lattices

4. Special Topics

5. Summary

References

Appendix

5 Luminescence

1. Introduction

2. Methods

3. Fluorescence and Luminescence

4. Luminescence and States of Photosystem II Centers

5. Luminescence and Electroosmotic Properties of the Photosynthetic Membrane

6. Kinetics of Luminescence

7. A Mechanism and Several Problems

8. Summary

Appendix I

Appendix II

Appendix III

Appendix IV

Appendix V

Appendix VI

References

6 Chlorophyll Fluorescence: An Intrinsic Probe of Photosynthesis

1. Introduction

2. The Reaction Center Complex of Photosystem II

3. The Kinetics of Chlorophyll a Fluorescence

4. Structural Control of the Yield of Chlorophyll a Fluorescence

5. Fluorescence Properties of Photosynthetic Mutants

6. Fluorescence Properties of Manganese-Deficient Photosynthetic Tissue

7. Summary

References

7 The Electron Transport Chain in Chloroplasts

1. Introduction

2. Two Photosystems

3. Components of the Electron Transport Chain

4. Electron Acceptors, Donors, and Inhibitors

5. Summary

References

8 Oxygen Evolution in Photosynthesis

1. Introduction

2. Kinetics of O2 Evolution

3. Related Processes

4. Donor Reactions

5. Summary

References

9 Mechanisms of Photophosphorylation

1. Coupling of Electron Transport and Phosphorylation

2. Proton and Ion Movements: Relation to Electron Transport

3. Proton Gradients: Relation to ATP Metabolism

4. Biochemistry of the Reversible ATPase

5. Summary

References

10 Energy Conservation in the Functional Membrane

1. Introduction

2. Light Reactions of Two Chlorophylls

3. Function of Plastoquinone

4. Electrical Field Generation and Field-Driven Ion Fluxes

5. Vectorial Electron Transfer and Proton Translocation

6. Phosphorylation in the Electrical Field

7. Summary and Conclusions

References

11 Structure of the Chloroplast Membrane—Relation to Energy Coupling and Ion Transport

1. Introduction

2. Structure at the Organelle Level

3. Structure at the Membrane and Molecular Level

4. Summary

References

12 Molecular Organization of Chlorophyll and Energetics of the Initial Stages in Photosynthesis

1. Introduction

2. Native Pigment Forms in Higher Plants, Algae, and Photosynthetic Bacteria

3. Energy Migration in the Photosynthetic Unit (PSU) and the Role of Triplet States in the Primary Steps of Photosynthesis

4. Delayed Light Emission of Photosynthetic Organisms and Model Systems—Energy Traps in Photosynthesis

5. Electrical Phenomena in Membrane Structures Connected with Energy Storage

6. Energy Storage in Photophosphorylation and Its Coupling with Electron Transfer

7. Water Decomposition and Oxygen Evolution in Photosynthesis

8. Net Energy Storage and Gas Exchange in Photosynthesizing Plants

9. Summary

References

Author Index

Subject Index




Details

No. of pages:
716
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1975
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323143042

About the Editor

Unknown Govindjee