In a world of 24-hour media saturation, sleep has become an increasingly fraught enterprise. The award-winning four-volume Encyclopedia of Sleep is the largest reference, either online or in print, on the subject of sleep. Written to be useful for the novice and the established researcher and clinician, Topic areas will include sleep across the life cycle and in other species, sleep and women, sleep and the elderly, pediatric sleep, sleep deprivation and loss, sleep mechanisms, sleep physiology and pathophysiology, sleep disorders, neurobiology, chronobiology, pharmacology, and impact of other disorders on sleep.

Recognizing the many fields that are connected to sleep science, the editorial team has been carefully chosen to do justice to this highly interdisciplinary field of study. The steady growth of researchers and clinicians in the sleep field attests to the continued interest in the scientific study of sleep and the management of patients with sleep disorders, and anyone involved in this exciting field should find this work to be an invaluable reference.

Key Features

  • 2013 PROSE Award winner for Multivolume Reference in Science from the Association of American Publishers
  • Thoroughly interdisciplinary: looks at sleep throughout the life cycle, with exceptional coverage of basic sleep concepts, the physiology of sleep as well as sleep disorders of all descriptions
  • Excellent coverage of sleep and special populations, covering the lifespan, as well as gender and ethnic differences, among others
  • Chapters focusing on sleep disorders are grouped under the broad categories classified in the ICSD-2 for clear organization so that the reader can effectively access the steps involved in diagnosing and treating these disorders
  • Online version is linked both within the encyclopedia (to related content) and to external sources (such as primary journal content) so that users have easy access to more detailed information if needed


Basic and clinical science researchers who study sleep science as well as clinicians who are seeking evidence-based diagnostic tools and treatments for patients suffering from sleep disorders. Also useful for polysomnographic technologists and other allied health professionals, as well as medical specialists and primary care physicians

Table of Contents


Editorial Board


Permission Acknowledgments

Basic Sleep Concepts, Science, Deprivation, and Mechanisms



A History of the Scientific Study of Sleep

The First Hundred Years

A Gathering of Eagles

The Emergence of Sleep Research

The REM Period

Sleep Deprivation

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Research

Theories of Sleep

Sleep Disorders Research

See also

Further Reading

History of Sleep Medicine

Professional Organizations

Complications of OSA

Discipline Identity and Discipline Overlap

Minimal Penetration of the Mainstream Educational System

Final Thoughts

See also


Further Reading

Normal Human Sleep


Adult Sleep Architecture

Sleep in Newborns and Infants

Changes in Sleep with Aging

Sleep Duration

Sleep Neurophysiology

Autonomic Nervous System

Model of Sleep Regulation

The Function of Sleep

Key Points

See also


Further Reading

Concepts of Fatigue, Sleepiness, and Alertness

Definitions of Sleepiness and Fatigue

Factors Underlying Fatigue, Sleepiness, and Alertness




See also


Further Reading

Classification of Sleep Disorders


Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders

Hypersomnia Not Due to Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders, Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders, or Other Causes of Disturbed Nocturnal Sleep

Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders


Sleep-Related Movement Disorders

Isolated Symptoms, Apparently Normal Variants, and Unresolved Issues

See also


Further Reading



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Academic Press
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PROSE Award 2013, Reference Work, Multivolume /Science: Biomedicine and Neuroscience, American Association of Publishers