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Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780123735539, 9780080919935

Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals

2nd Edition

Editors: Bernd Wursig William Perrin Bernd Wursig J. Thewissen
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123735539
eBook ISBN: 9780080919935
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 24th November 2008
Page Count: 1352
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This thorough revision of the classic Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals brings this authoritative book right up-to-date. Articles describe every species in detail, based on the very latest taxonomy, and a host of biological, ecological and sociological aspects relating to marine mammals. The latest information on the biology, ecology, anatomy, behavior and interactions with man is provided by a cast of expert authors – all presented in such detail and clarity to support both marine mammal specialists and the serious naturalist. Fully referenced throughout and with a fresh selection of the best color photographs available, the long-awaited second edition remains at the forefront as the go-to reference on marine mammals.

Key Features

  • More than 20% NEW MATERIAL includes articles on Climate Change, Pacific White-sided Dolphins, Sociobiology, Habitat Use, Feeding Morphology and more
  • Over 260 articles on the individual species with topics ranging from anatomy and behavior, to conservation, exploitation and the impact of global climate change on marine mammals
  • New color illustrations show every species and document topical articles

“This book is so good...a bargain, full of riches...packed with fascinating up to date information. I recommend it unreservedly it to individuals, students, and researchers, as well as libraries." --Richard M. Laws, MARINE MAMMALS SCIENCE

"...establishes a solid and satisfying foundation for current study and future exploration" --Ronald J. Shusterman, SCIENCE


Marine Biologists, Ecologists, Conservation Biologists, Fisheries Biologists and Environmental consultants.

Table of Contents

<BR id=""CRLF"">Abundance Estimation<BR id=""CRLF"">Stephen T. Buckland and Anne E. York<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Aerial Behavior<BR id=""CRLF"">Bernd Würsig and Hal Whitehead<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Age Estimation<BR id=""CRLF"">Aleta A. Hohn<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Aggressive Behavior, Intraspecific<BR id=""CRLF"">Claudio Campagna<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Albinism<BR id=""CRLF"">Dagmar Fertl and Patricia E. Rosel<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Amazon River Dolphin or Boto<BR id=""CRLF"">Vera M.F. da Silva<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Ambergris<BR id=""CRLF"">Dale W. Rice<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Antarctic Fur Seal<BR id=""CRLF"">Arctocephalus gazella<BR id=""CRLF"">Jaume Forcada and Iain J. Staniland<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Antarctic Marine Mammals<BR id=""CRLF"">Ian L. Boyd<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Archaeocetes, Archaic<BR id=""CRLF"">J. G. M. Thewissen<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Arctic Marine Mammals<BR id=""CRLF"">John J. Burns<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Atlantic Spotted Dolphin <BR id=""CRLF"">Stenella frontalis<BR id=""CRLF"">William F. Perrin<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Atlantic White-Sided Dolphin<BR id=""CRLF"">Lagenorhynchus acutus (Gray 1828)<BR id=""CRLF"">Frank Cipriano<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Australian Sea Lion<BR id=""CRLF"">Neophoca cinerea<BR id=""CRLF"">John K. Ling<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Australian Snubfin Dolphin<BR id=""CRLF"">Orcaella heinsohni<BR id=""CRLF"">Kelly M. Robertson and Peter W. Arnold<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Azorean Whaling<BR id=""CRLF"">Richard Ellis<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Baculum<BR id=""CRLF"">Edward H. Miller<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Baiji <BR id=""CRLF"">Lipotes vexillifer<BR id=""CRLF"">Kaiya Zhou<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Balance<BR id=""CRLF"">Fred Spoor<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Baleen<BR id=""CRLF"">Dale W. Rice<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Baleen Whales <BR id=""CRLF"">Mysticetes<BR id=""CRLF"">John L. Bannister<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Barnacles<BR id=""CRLF"">Dagmar Fertl and William A. Newman<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Basilosaurids<BR id=""CRLF"">Mark D. Uhen<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Beaked Whales, Overview <BR id=""CRLF"">Ziphiidae<BR id=""CRLF"">James G. Mead <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Bearded Seal<BR id=""CRLF"">Erignathus barbatus<BR id=""CRLF"">Kit M. Kovacs<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Behavior, Overview<BR id=""CRLF"">Peter L. Tyack<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Beluga Whale<BR id=""CRLF"">Delphinapterus leucas <BR id=""CRLF"">Gregory M. O'Corry-Crowe<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Biogeography<BR id=""CRLF"">Rick LeDuc<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Blubber<BR id=""CRLF"">Sara J. Iverson<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Blue Whale <BR id=""CRLF"">Balaenoptera musculus<BR id=""CRLF"">Richard Sears and William F. Perrin<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Bones and Teeth, Histology of<BR id=""CRLF"">Mary C. Maas<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Bottlenose Whales<BR id=""CRLF"">Hyperoodon ampullatus and H. planifrons<BR id=""CRLF"">Shannon Gowans<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Bowhead Whale<BR id=""CRLF"">Balaena mysticetus<BR id=""CRLF"">David J. Rugh and Kim E. W. Shelden<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Bow-riding<BR id=""CRLF"">Bernd Würsig<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Brain<BR id=""CRLF"">Helmut H.A. Oelschläger and Jutta S. Oelschläger<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Brain Size Evolution<BR id=""CRLF"">Lori Marino<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Breathing<BR id=""CRLF"">Douglas Wartzok<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Breeding Sites<BR id=""CRLF"">Mark A. Hindell<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Bryde's Whales <BR id=""CRLF"">Balaenoptera edeni/brydei<BR id=""CRLF"">Hedehiro Kato and William F. Perrin<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Burmeister's Porpoise<BR id=""CRLF"">Phocoena spinipinnis<BR id=""CRLF"">Julio C. Reyes<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Bycatch<BR id=""CRLF"">Simon Northridge<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">California, Galapagos, and Japanese Sea Lions<BR id=""CRLF"">Carolyn B. Heath and William F Perrin<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Callosities<BR id=""CRLF"">Mason T. Weinrich<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Captive Breeding<BR id=""CRLF"">Todd R. Robeck, Justine K. O’Brien and Daniel K. Odell<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Captivity<BR id=""CRLF"">Peter Corkeron<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Caspian and Baikal Seals<BR id=""CRLF"">Nobuyuki Miyazaki<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">The Cephalorhynchus Dolphins<BR id=""CRLF"">Stephen M. Dawson<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Cetacean Ecology<BR id=""CRLF"">Lisa T. Ballance<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Cetacean Evolution<BR id=""CRLF"">R. Ewan Fordyce<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Cetacean Fossil Record<BR id=""CRLF"">R. Ewan Fordyce <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Cetacean Life-History<BR id=""CRLF"">Susan J. Chivers<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Cetacean Prenatal Development<BR id=""CRLF"">Joy S. Reidenberg and Jeffrey T. Laitman<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Circulatory System<BR id=""CRLF"">Paul J. Ponganis<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Classification<BR id=""CRLF"">Dale W. Rice <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Climate Change<BR id=""CRLF"">Sue Moore <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Clymene Dolphin <BR id=""CRLF"">Stenella clymene<BR id=""CRLF"">Thomas A. Jefferson <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Coloration<BR id=""CRLF"">William F. Perrin <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Common Bottlenose Dolphin <BR id=""CRLF"">Tursiops truncatus<BR id=""CRLF"">Randall S. Wells and Michael D. Scott<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Common Dolphins <BR id=""CRLF"">Delphinus delphis and D. capensis<BR id=""CRLF"">William F. Perrin <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Communication in Marine Mammals<BR id=""CRLF"">Kathleen M. Dudzinski, Jeanette A. Thomas and Justin D. Gregg<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Competition with Fisheries<BR id=""CRLF"">Éva E. Plagányi and Douglas S. Butterworth<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Conservation Efforts<BR id=""CRLF"">Randall R. Reeves <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Crabeater Seal <BR id=""CRLF"">Lobodon carcinophaga<BR id=""CRLF"">John L. Bengtson <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Culture in Whales and Dolphins<BR id=""CRLF"">Hal Whitehead <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Cuvier's Beaked Whale <BR id=""CRLF"">Ziphius cavirostris<BR id=""CRLF"">John E. Heyning <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Dall's Porpoise <BR id=""CRLF"">Phocoenoides dalli<BR id=""CRLF"">Thomas A. Jefferson <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Delphinids, Overview<BR id=""CRLF"">Rick LeDuc <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Dental Morphology, Evolution of<BR id=""CRLF"">Mark D. Uhen <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Desmostylia<BR id=""CRLF"">Daryl P. Domning <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Dialects<BR id=""CRLF"">John K.B. Ford <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Diet<BR id=""CRLF"">Nelio B. Barros and Malcolm R. Clarke<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Distribution<BR id=""CRLF"">Jaume Forcada <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Diving Behavior<BR id=""CRLF"">Brent S. Stewart <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Diving Physiology<BR id=""CRLF"">Gerald L. Kooyman <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Dugong <BR id=""CRLF"">Dugong dugon<BR id=""CRLF"">Helene Marsh <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Dusky Dolphin <BR id=""CRLF"">Lagenorhynchus obscurus<BR id=""CRLF"">Koen Van Waerebeek and Bernd Würsig<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Eared Seals<BR id=""CRLF"">Otariidae <BR id=""CRLF"">Roger L. Gentry<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Earless Seals <BR id=""CRLF"">Phocidae<BR id=""CRLF"">Mike O. Hammill <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Echolocation<BR id=""CRLF"">Whitlow W. L. Au <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Ecological Effects<BR id=""CRLF"">James A. Estes <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Ecology, Overview<BR id=""CRLF"">Bernd Wursig <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Elephant Seals <BR id=""CRLF"">Mirounga angustirostris and M. leonina<BR id=""CRLF"">Mark A. Hindell and Wiliam F. Perrin<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Endangered Species and Populations<BR id=""CRLF"">John E. Reynolds, Richard Merrick, Gregory K. Silber, and Douglas P. DeMaster<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Endocrine Systems<BR id=""CRLF"">Shannon Atkinson and David St. Aubin<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Energetics<BR id=""CRLF"">Daniel P. Costa <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Entrapment and Entanglement<BR id=""CRLF"">Jon Lien <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Estrus and Estrous Behavior<BR id=""CRLF"">Daryl J. Boness <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Ethics and Marine Mammals<BR id=""CRLF"">Marc Bekoff <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Extinctions, Specific<BR id=""CRLF"">T. Duffield<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">False Killer Whale <BR id=""CRLF"">Pseudorca crassidens<BR id=""CRLF"">Robin W. Baird <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Feeding Morphology<BR id=""CRLF"">Christopher D. Marshall <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Feeding Strategy and Tactics<BR id=""CRLF"">Michael R. Heithaus and Lawrence M. Dill<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Female Reproductive System<BR id=""CRLF"">R. E. A. Stewart and B. E. Stewart<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Filter Feeding<BR id=""CRLF"">Donald A. Croll, Bernie R. Tershy, and Kelly M. Newton<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Fin Whale <BR id=""CRLF"">Balaenoptera physalus<BR id=""CRLF"">Alex Aguilar <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Finless Porpoise<BR id=""CRLF"">Masao Amano <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Fisheries, Interference with<BR id=""CRLF"">Dagmar Fertl <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Fishing Industry, Effects of<BR id=""CRLF"">Simon Northridge <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Folklore and Legends<BR id=""CRLF"">Rochelle Constantine <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Forelimb Anatomy<BR id=""CRLF"">Lisa Noelle Cooper<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Forensic Genetics<BR id=""CRLF"">C. Scott Baker and Merel L. Dalebout<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Fossil Sites<BR id=""CRLF"">R. Ewan Fordyce <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Franciscana <BR id=""CRLF"">Pontoporia blainvillei<BR id=""CRLF"">Enrique A Crespo <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Fraser's Dolphin <BR id=""CRLF"">Lagenodelphis hosei<BR id=""CRLF"">M. Louella and L. Dolar <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Gastrointestinal Tract<BR id=""CRLF"">James G. Mead <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Genetics for Management<BR id=""CRLF"">Phillip A. Morin and Andrew E. Dizon<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Genetics, Overview<BR id=""CRLF"">Per J. Palsboll <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Geographic Variation<BR id=""CRLF"">William F. Perrin <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Giant Beaked Whales <BR id=""CRLF"">Berardius bairdii and B. arnuxii<BR id=""CRLF"">Toshio Kasuya <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Gray Seal <BR id=""CRLF"">Halichoerus grypus<BR id=""CRLF"">Ailsa Hall and David Thompson<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Gray Whale <BR id=""CRLF"">Eschrichtius robustus<BR id=""CRLF"">Mary Lou Jones and Steven L. Swartz<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Group Behavior<BR id=""CRLF"">Alejandro Acevedo-Gutiérrez <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Habitat Pressure<BR id=""CRLF"">Peter G. H. Evans <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Habitat Use<BR id=""CRLF"">Alejandro Acevedo-Gutiérrez <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Hair and Fur<BR id=""CRLF"">Pamela K. Yochem and Brent S. Stewart<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Harbor Porpoise<BR id=""CRLF"">Arne Bjorge <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Harbor Seal and Spotted Seal <BR id=""CRLF"">Phoca vitulina and P. largha<BR id=""CRLF"">John J. Burns <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Harp Seal <BR id=""CRLF"">Pagophilus groenlandicus<BR id=""CRLF"">David M. Lavigne <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Health<BR id=""CRLF"">Joseph R. Geraci and Valerie J. Lounsbury<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Hearing<BR id=""CRLF"">Sirpa Nummela <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Hindlimb Anatomy<BR id=""CRLF"">Peter J. Adam <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">History of Marine Mammal Research<BR id=""CRLF"">Bernd Würsig and William F. Perrin<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Hooded Seal <BR id=""CRLF"">Cystophora cristata<BR id=""CRLF"">Kit M. Kovacs <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Hourglass Dolphin Lagenorhynchus cruciger<BR id=""CRLF"">R. Natalie P. Goodall <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Humpback Dolphins<BR id=""CRLF"">Guido J. Parra and Graham J. B Ross<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Humpback Whale <BR id=""CRLF"">Megaptera novaeangliae<BR id=""CRLF"">Phillip J. Clapham <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Hunting of Marine Mammals<BR id=""CRLF"">Randall R. Reeves <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Hybridism<BR id=""CRLF"">Martine Berube <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Identification Methods<BR id=""CRLF"">Randall S. Wells <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Indo-Pacific Beaked Whale <BR id=""CRLF"">Indopacetus pacificus<BR id=""CRLF"">Robert Pitman <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Indo-Pacific Bottlenose Dolphin <BR id=""CRLF"">Tursiops aduncus<BR id=""CRLF"">John Y. Wang and Shih-Chu Yang<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Indo-West Pacific, Marine Mammals<BR id=""CRLF"">Peter Rudolph and Chris Smeenk<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Intelligence and Cognition<BR id=""CRLF"">Bernd Würsig <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">International Whaling Commission<BR id=""CRLF"">J.P. Donovan <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Inuit and Marine Mammals<BR id=""CRLF"">Stephen A. MacLean, Anne M. Jensen and Glenn W. Sheehan<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Irrawaddy Dolphin<BR id=""CRLF"">Brian D. Smith <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Japanese Whaling<BR id=""CRLF"">Toshio Kasuya <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Killer Whale <BR id=""CRLF"">Orcinus orca<BR id=""CRLF"">John K.B. Ford <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Krill and Other Plankton<BR id=""CRLF"">Roger Hewitt and Jessica D. Lipsky<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Language Learning and Cognitive Skills<BR id=""CRLF"">Louis M. Herman <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Locomotion, Terrestrial<BR id=""CRLF"">Thomas A. Deméré and Joshua H. Yonas<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Leopard Seal <BR id=""CRLF"">Hydrurga leptonyx<BR id=""CRLF"">Tracey L. Rogers <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Male Reproductive Systems<BR id=""CRLF"">Shannon Atkinson <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Management<BR id=""CRLF"">Jay Barlow <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Manatees <BR id=""CRLF"">Trichechus manatus, T. senegalensis, and T. inunguis<BR id=""CRLF"">John E. Reynolds, III, James A. Powell and Cynthia R. Taylor<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Marine Parks and Zoos<BR id=""CRLF"">Daniel K. Odell and Loran Wlodarski<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Marine Protected Areas<BR id=""CRLF"">Erich Hoyt <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Mark and Recapture Methods<BR id=""CRLF"">Phipip S. Hammond <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Mass Die-offs<BR id=""CRLF"">John Harwood and Ailsa Hall<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Mass Stranding<BR id=""CRLF"">Brownell, P<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Mating System<BR id=""CRLF"">Sarah L. Mesnick and Katherine Ralls<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Melon-headed Whale <BR id=""CRLF"">Peponocephala electra<BR id=""CRLF"">Wayne L. Perryman <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Mesoplodont Whales <BR id=""CRLF"">Mesoplodon spp.<BR id=""CRLF"">Robert Pitman <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Migration and Movement Patterns<BR id=""CRLF"">S. Jonathan Stern <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Mimicry<BR id=""CRLF"">Peter L. Tyack<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Minke Whales <BR id=""CRLF"">Balaenoptera acutorostrata and B. bonaerensis<BR id=""CRLF"">William F. Perrin and Robert L. Brownell, Jr.<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Molecular Ecology<BR id=""CRLF"">A. Rus Hoelzel <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Monk Seals <BR id=""CRLF"">Monachus monachus, M. tropicalis, and M. schauinslandi.<BR id=""CRLF"">William G. Gilmartin and Jaume Forcada<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Musculature<BR id=""CRLF"">J. G. M. Thewissen <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Museums and Collections<BR id=""CRLF"">John E. Heyning <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Mysticete Evolution<BR id=""CRLF"">Annalisa Berta and Thomas A. Demeret<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Narwhal <BR id=""CRLF"">Monodon monoceros<BR id=""CRLF"">M. P. Heide-Jorgensen <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Neoceti<BR id=""CRLF"">R. Ewan Fordyce <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">New Zealand Sea Lion <BR id=""CRLF"">Phocarctos hookeri<BR id=""CRLF"">Nicholas J. Gales <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Noise, Effects of<BR id=""CRLF"">Bernd Würsig and W. John Richardson<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">North Atlantic Marine Mammals<BR id=""CRLF"">Gordon T. Waring and Debra L. Palka<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">North Pacific Marine Mammals<BR id=""CRLF"">Sergio Escorza-Trevino <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Northern Fur Seal<BR id=""CRLF"">Roger L. Gentry <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Ocean Environment<BR id=""CRLF"">Paul C. Fiedler <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Odobenocetops<BR id=""CRLF"">Christian de Muizon <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Omura's whale <BR id=""CRLF"">Balaenoptera omurai<BR id=""CRLF"">Tadasu K. Yamada <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Osmoregulation<BR id=""CRLF"">Daniel P. Costa <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Otters, Marine<BR id=""CRLF"">J.A. Estes, J.L. Bodkin and M. Ben-David<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Pacific White-sided Dolphins <BR id=""CRLF"">Lagenorhynchus obliquidens<BR id=""CRLF"">Nancy A. Black <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Pantropical Spotted Dolphin <BR id=""CRLF"">Stenella attenuata<BR id=""CRLF"">William F. Perrin <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Parasites<BR id=""CRLF"">J. Antonio Raga, Mercedes Fernández, Juan A. Balbuena, and F. Javier Aznar<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Parental Behavior<BR id=""CRLF"">Janet Mann <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Pathology<BR id=""CRLF"">Daniel F. Cowan <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Peale's Dolphin <BR id=""CRLF"">Lagenorhynchus australis<BR id=""CRLF"">R. Natalie P. Goodall <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Pilot Whales <BR id=""CRLF"">Globicephala melas and G. macrorhynchus<BR id=""CRLF"">Paula A. Olson <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Pinnepedia, Overview<BR id=""CRLF"">Annalisa Berta <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Pinnipedia Ecology<BR id=""CRLF"">W. D. Bowen, C. A. Beck and D. A. Austin<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Pinnipedia, Evolution<BR id=""CRLF"">Annalisa Berta <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Pinnipedia Life History<BR id=""CRLF"">Ian L. Boyd <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Pinnipedia Physiology<BR id=""CRLF"">Daniel E. Crocker Daniel P. Costa<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Playful Behavior<BR id=""CRLF"">Bernd Wursig <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Polar Bear <BR id=""CRLF"">Ursus maritimus<BR id=""CRLF"">Ian Stirling <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Pollution and Marine Mammals<BR id=""CRLF"">Peter J.H. Reijnders <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Popular Culture and Literature<BR id=""CRLF"">Paul H. Forestell <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Population Dynamics<BR id=""CRLF"">Paul R. Wade <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Population Status and Trends<BR id=""CRLF"">Jay Barlow and Randall R. Reeves<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Porpoises, Overview<BR id=""CRLF"">Andrew J. Read <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Predation on Marine Mammals<BR id=""CRLF"">David W. Weller <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Predator-Prey Relationships<BR id=""CRLF"">Andrew W. Trites <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Pygmy and Dwarf Sperm Whales <BR id=""CRLF"">Kogia breviceps and K. sima<BR id=""CRLF"">Donald F. McAlpine <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Pygmy Killer Whale Feresa attenuata<BR id=""CRLF"">Meghan A. Donahue and Wayne L. Perryman<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Pygmy Right Whale <BR id=""CRLF"">Caperea marginata<BR id=""CRLF"">Catherine Kemper <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Remoras<BR id=""CRLF"">Dagmar Fertl and André M. Landry, Jr<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Reproductive Behavior<BR id=""CRLF"">Michael A. Fedak, Ben Wilson and Paddy P. Pomeroy<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Ribbon Seal<BR id=""CRLF"">Histriophoca fasciata <BR id=""CRLF"">Lloyd Lowry and Peter Boveng<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Right Whale Dolphins <BR id=""CRLF"">Lissodelphis borealis and L. peronii<BR id=""CRLF"">Jessica D. Lipsky <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Right Whales <BR id=""CRLF"">Eubalaena glacialis, E. japonica, and E. australis<BR id=""CRLF"">Robert D. Kenney <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Ringed Seal <BR id=""CRLF"">Pusa hispida<BR id=""CRLF"">M.O. Hammill <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Risso's Dolphin <BR id=""CRLF"">Grampus griseus<BR id=""CRLF"">Robin W. Baird <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">River Dolphins<BR id=""CRLF"">Randall R. Reeves and Anthony R Martin<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">River Dolphins, Evolutionary History and Affinities<BR id=""CRLF"">Christian de Muizon <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Rookeries<BR id=""CRLF"">George Anthony Antonelis <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Ross Seal<BR id=""CRLF"">Jeanette A. Thomas and Tracey Rogers<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Rough-toothed Dolphin<BR id=""CRLF"">Thomas A. Jefferson <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Scrimshaw<BR id=""CRLF"">Stuart M. Frank <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Sealions, Overview<BR id=""CRLF"">Daryl J. Boness <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Sei Whale <BR id=""CRLF"">Balaenoptera borealis<BR id=""CRLF"">Joseph Horwood <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Sensory Biology, Overview<BR id=""CRLF"">J. G. M Thewissen <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Sexual Dimorphism<BR id=""CRLF"">Katherine Ralls and Sarah Mesnick<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Shepherd's Beaked Whale <BR id=""CRLF"">Tasmacetus shepherdi<BR id=""CRLF"">James G. Mead <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Signature Whistles<BR id=""CRLF"">Laela S. Sayigh and Vincent M. Janik<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Sirenian Evolution<BR id=""CRLF"">Daryl P. Domning <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Sirenian Life History<BR id=""CRLF"">Daniel K. Odell <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Skeletal Anatomy<BR id=""CRLF"">Sentiel Rommel and John E. Reynolds<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Skull Anatomy<BR id=""CRLF"">Sentiel Rommel, D. Ann Pabst, and William A. McLellan<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Sociobiology<BR id=""CRLF"">Fritz Trillmilch <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Song<BR id=""CRLF"">Jim Darling <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Sound Production<BR id=""CRLF"">Adam S. Frankel <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">South American Marine Mammals<BR id=""CRLF"">Enrique A. Crespo <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">South American Sea Lion <BR id=""CRLF"">Otaria flavescens<BR id=""CRLF"">Humberto Luis Cappozzo and Wiliam F. Perrin<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Southern Fur Seals <BR id=""CRLF"">ARCTOCEPHALUS SPP<BR id=""CRLF"">John P. Y. Arnould <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Species<BR id=""CRLF"">William F. Perrin <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Spectacled Porpoise <BR id=""CRLF"">Phocoena dioptrica<BR id=""CRLF"">R. Natalie P. Goodall <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Speed<BR id=""CRLF"">Frank E. Fish <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Sperm Whale <BR id=""CRLF"">Physeter macrocephalus<BR id=""CRLF"">Hal Whitehead <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Sperm Whales, Evolution<BR id=""CRLF"">Guram A. Mchedlidze <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Spermaceti<BR id=""CRLF"">Dale W. Rice <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Spinner Dolphin Stenella longirostris<BR id=""CRLF"">William F. Perrin <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Steller's Sea Cow <BR id=""CRLF"">Hydrodamalis gigas<BR id=""CRLF"">Paul K. Anderson and Daryl P. Domning<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Steller's Sea Lion <BR id=""CRLF"">Eumetopias jubatus<BR id=""CRLF"">Thomas R. Loughlin <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Stock Assessment<BR id=""CRLF"">Jeffrey M. Breiwick and Anne E. York<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Stock Identity<BR id=""CRLF"">John Y. Wang <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Stranding<BR id=""CRLF"">William F. Perrin and Joseph R. Geraci<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Streamlining<BR id=""CRLF"">Frank E. Fish <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Striped Dolphin <BR id=""CRLF"">Stenella coeruleoalba<BR id=""CRLF"">Frederick I. Archer II <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Surveys<BR id=""CRLF"">Karin A Forney <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Sustainability<BR id=""CRLF"">Charles W. Fowler and Michael A. Etnier<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Susu and Bhulan <BR id=""CRLF"">Platanista gangetica gangetica and P. g. minor<BR id=""CRLF"">Brian D. Smith and Gillian T. Braulik<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Swimming<BR id=""CRLF"">Terrie M. Williams <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Systematics, Overview<BR id=""CRLF"">Annalisa Berta <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Telemetry<BR id=""CRLF"">Andrew J. Read <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Territorial Behavior<BR id=""CRLF"">Edward H. Miller <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Thermoregulation<BR id=""CRLF"">Michael Castellini <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Thorax and Abdomen Anatomy<BR id=""CRLF"">John E. Reynolds and Sentiel Rommell<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Tool-use in Wild Bottlenose Dolphins<BR id=""CRLF"">Janet Mann and Brooke Sargeant<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Toothed Whales, Overview<BR id=""CRLF"">Sascha K. Hooker <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Training<BR id=""CRLF"">Ted Turner, Todd Feucht, and Tyler Turner<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Tucuxi<BR id=""CRLF"">Paulo A. C Flores and Vera M. F. Da Silva<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Tuna-Dolphin Issue<BR id=""CRLF"">Tim Gerrodette <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Vaquita <BR id=""CRLF"">Phocoena sinus<BR id=""CRLF"">Lorenzo Rojas-Bracho and Armando M. Jaramillo-Legorreta<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Vision<BR id=""CRLF"">Alla M. Mass and Alexander Ya. Supin<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Walrus <BR id=""CRLF"">Odobenus rosmarus<BR id=""CRLF"">Ronald A. Kastelein <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Weddell Seal <BR id=""CRLF"">Leptonychotes weddellii<BR id=""CRLF"">Jeanette A. Thomas and Jack Terhune<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Whale Lice<BR id=""CRLF"">Carl J. Pfeiffer <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Whale Watching<BR id=""CRLF"">Erich Hoyt <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Whaling, Early and Aboriginal<BR id=""CRLF"">Richard Ellis <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Whaling, in the Azores<BR id=""CRLF"">Richard Ellis <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Whaling, Illegal and Pirate<BR id=""CRLF"">Robert L. Brownell and Alexey V. Yablokov<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Whaling, Modern<BR id=""CRLF"">Phillip J. Clapham and C. Scott Baker<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Whaling, Traditional<BR id=""CRLF"">Richard Ellis <BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">White-beaked Dolphin <BR id=""CRLF"">Lagenorhynchus albirostris<BR id=""CRLF"">Carl Christian Kinze


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2008
24th November 2008
Academic Press
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

About the Editors

Bernd Wursig

Bernd Würsig, his students, and postdocs have studied marine mammals and sea birds on all continents, with present work mainly on dusky dolphins in diverse habitats of New Zealand, and beleaguered Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins of Hong Kong. His specialties are behavior and social strategies, especially as related to human disturbance. He has published and co-published about 180 peer review papers, over 50 popular articles, and 7 books. He is Distinguished Professor Emeritus in the Department of Marine Biology of Texas A&M University at Galveston.

Affiliations and Expertise

Texas A&M University, Galveston, Texas, USA

William Perrin

Affiliations and Expertise

National Marine Fisheries Service, La Jolla, CA, USA

Bernd Wursig

Bernd Würsig, his students, and postdocs have studied marine mammals and sea birds on all continents, with present work mainly on dusky dolphins in diverse habitats of New Zealand, and beleaguered Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins of Hong Kong. His specialties are behavior and social strategies, especially as related to human disturbance. He has published and co-published about 180 peer review papers, over 50 popular articles, and 7 books. He is Distinguished Professor Emeritus in the Department of Marine Biology of Texas A&M University at Galveston.

Affiliations and Expertise

Texas A&M University, Galveston, Texas, USA

J. Thewissen

J. G. M. ‘Hans’ Thewissen studies the evolution, anatomy and embryology of marine mammals, and has travelled the world to study fossil and living whales. His work with the sense organs of modern whales explores the impact of global change on marine mammal populations. He co-edited the three editions of Elsevier’s Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals and wrote a popular book on whale evolution: The Walking Whales.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology Northeast Ohio Medical University, Rootstown, USA


"This book's encyclopedic coverage of marine mammals has been fully revised and updated. Despite its size, it is easy to use. I recommend this book for anyone interested in marine mammals!" --The Birdbooker Report

"Its ease of use and interesting look will assure that it is a handy, and well-used, reference book for scientists in the field as well as for students looking for interesting topics for term papers. The second edition's new colorful look expands it's consumer base and makes it an excellent choice for high school and undergraduate university libraries." --Paul E. Nachtigall, University of Hawaii

“This revision of the well-received first edition adds several new chapters in areas of marine mammal science that have changed significantly, e.g., climate change and the ‘interface of ecology and conservation.’ Somewhat fragmented topics are now combined into more comprehensive ones. Additionally, almost all entries are updated, and color photographs appear throughout. Each of the 260 chapters is authored by an acclaimed contributor and covers species and topics relating to anatomy, physiology, behavior, conservation, ecology, and more…. Overall, this encyclopedia’s content serves as an important reference source for marine mammals.” --CHOICE

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