Encyclopedia of Human Behavior

2nd Edition

Editor-in-Chiefs: Vilayanur Ramachandran
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123750006
eBook ISBN: 9780080961804
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 2nd March 2012
Page Count: 2518
990.00 + applicable tax
795.00 + applicable tax
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The Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, Second Edition is an award-winning three-volume reference on human action and reaction, and the thoughts, feelings, and physiological functions behind those actions. Presented alphabetically by title, 300 articles probe both enduring and exciting new topics in physiological psychology, perception, personality, abnormal and clinical psychology, cognition and learning, social psychology, developmental psychology, language, and applied contexts.

Written by leading scientists in these disciplines, every article has been peer-reviewed to establish clarity, accuracy, and comprehensiveness. The most comprehensive reference source to provide both depth and breadth to the study of human behavior, the encyclopedia will again be a much-used reference source. This set appeals to public, corporate, university and college libraries, libraries in two-year colleges, and some secondary schools.

Carefully crafted, well written, and thoroughly indexed, the encyclopedia helps users—whether they are students just beginning formal study of the broad field or specialists in a branch of psychology—understand the field and how and why humans behave as we do.

Key Features

  • Named a 2013 Outstanding Academic Title by the American Library Association's Choice publication
  • Concise entries (ten pages on average) provide foundational knowledge of the field
  • Each article features suggested further readings, a list of related websites, a 5-10 word glossary and a definition paragraph, and cross-references to related articles in the encyclopedi
  • Newly expanded editorial board and a host of international contributors from the United States, Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Sweden, and the United Kingdom


Undergraduate and graduate students in psychology and the behavioral sciences, as well as researchers in various psychological subdisciplines and psychiatry; the encyclopedia is also useful for the lay public who may have an interest in topics related to human behavior

Table of Contents

Editorial Advisory Board

About the Editor-in-Chief

About the Editorial Advisory Board



Permission Acknowledgments

Article Titles

Academic Achievement

Importance of Academic Achievement

Indicators of Academic Achievement

Predictors of Academic Achievement

Equal Opportunities and Academic Achievement

See also


Further Reading

Addictions and Adolescence


Developmental Issues

Applicability of Addiction Diagnostic Criteria for Adolescents

Three Adolescent Addictive Disorders

Nicotine Dependence



Other Substances Use Disorders (Excluding Nicotine)

Pathological Gambling


See also


Further Readings

Relevant Websites


Primary Changes in Adolescence

Contextual Areas of Interest Regarding Adolescent Development


See also

Further Reading

Adrenal Glands


Anatomy and Physiology of the Adrenal Gland

Disorders of the Adrenal Cortex


See also


Further Reading


What Is Aggression?

Why Do We Use Aggression?

What Causes Aggression?

What Reduces Aggression?


See also


Further Reading

Relevant Websites

Aging and Cognition


Declarative Memory

Nondeclarative Memory

Executive Function


Processing Speed

The Relationship Among Cognitive Functions

Cognitive Rehabilitation: Behavioral Interventions and Their Impact on Cognition

See also


Further Reading

Aging and the Brain

Major Neuronal


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2012
Academic Press
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor-in-Chief

Vilayanur Ramachandran

V. S. Ramachandran is Director of the Center for Brain and Cognition and Distinguished Professor with the Psychology Department and Neurosciences Program at the University of California, San Diego, and Adjunct Professor of Biology at the Salk Institute. Ramachandran initially trained as a doctor and subsequently obtained a Ph.D. from Trinity College at the University of Cambridge. Ramachandran's early work was on visual perception but he is best known for his experiments in behavioral neurology which, despite their apparent simplicity, have had a profound impact on the way we think about the brain. He has been called "The Marco Polo of neuroscience" by Richard Dawkins and "The modern Paul Broca" by Eric Kandel. In 2005 he was awarded the Henry Dale Medal and elected to an honorary life membership by the Royal Institution of Great Britain, where he also gave a Friday evening discourse (joining the ranks of Michael Faraday, Thomas Huxley, Humphry Davy, and dozens of Nobel Laureates). His other honors and awards include fellowships from All Souls College, Oxford, and from Stanford University (Hilgard Visiting Professor); the Presidential Lecture Award from the American Academy of Neurology, two honorary doctorates, the annual Ramon Y Cajal award from the International Neuropsychiatry Society, and the Ariens-Kappers medal from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences. In 2003 he gave the annual BBC Reith lectures and was the first physician/psychologist to give the lectures since they were begun by Bertrand Russel in 1949. In 1995 he gave the Decade of the Brain lecture at the 25th annual (Silver Jubilee) meeting of the Society for Neuroscience. In 2010 he delivered the annual Jawaharlal Nehru memorial lecture in New Delhi, India. Most recently the President of India conferred on him the second highest civilian award and honorific title in India, the Padma Bhushan. And TIME magazine named him on their list of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2011.

Affiliations and Expertise

Director, Center for Brain and Cognition, and Professor, Psychology Department and Neurosciences Program, University of California, San Diego; Adjunct Professor of Biology, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, CA, USA


CHOICE Outstanding Academic Titles, 2013, American Library Association


"The second edition of this reference work…has been thoroughly revised, expanded, and brought up to date. It deserves the highest praise…The clearly written entries offer readers succinct definitions and significant insights into each topic." --Choice, July 2013

"With his simple, creative and innovative ideas, V.S. Ramachandran is changing how our brains think about our minds" --Thomas Insel, Director of the National Institutes of Mental Health in TIME Magazine