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Encyclopedia of Geology - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780081029084

Encyclopedia of Geology

2nd Edition

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Editors in Chief: Scott Elias David Alderton
Book ISBN: 9780081029084
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 8th December 2020
Page Count: 5000
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Description

Encyclopedia of Geology, Second Edition presents state-of-the-art reviews on the various aspects of geologic research, all of which have moved on considerably since the writing of the first edition. New areas of discussion include extinctions, origins of life, plate tectonics and its influence on faunal provinces, new types of mineral and hydrocarbon deposits, new methods of dating rocks, and geological processes. Users will find this to be a fundamental resource for teachers and students of geology, as well as researchers and non-geology professionals seeking up-to-date reviews of geologic research.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive and accessible one-stop shop for information on the subject of geology, explaining methodologies and technical jargon used in the field
  • Highlights connections between geology and other physical and biological sciences, tackling research problems that span multiple fields
  • Fills a critical gap of information in a field that has seen significant progress in past year
  • Presents an ideal reference for a wide range of scientists in earth and environmental areas of study

Readership

Researchers, teachers and students of Geology, providing up-to-date reviews of all essential topics, highlighting and summarizing the most important, recent discoveries. It also serves non-geology professionals including researchers and practitioners in Biology (the paleontology aspects), Chemistry (mineralogy, geochemistry), Environmental Science, Civil Engineering and Hydrology

Table of Contents

I. Introduction
A. History of Geological Science
B. Philosophy of Geology

II. The Earth and Its Place in the Solar System
A. Origins of the Solar System
B. Asteroid impacts
C. Lunar studies and the age of the Earth
D. Meteorite impacts

III. Geophysics
A. Earth Structure
B. Electrical Methods
C. Geodesy and Gravity
D. Geodynamics
E. Geomagnetism
F. Mineral Physics
G. Seismology

IV. Earth History
A. Dating Techniques (Annual Layers, Biological Methods, Chemical Methods, Geomagnetic Methods, Radiometric Methods)
B. Stratigraphic Methods and Development of the Stratigraphic Column
C. Paleoclimates
D. The Pre-Cambrian
E. The Paleozoic
F. The Mesozoic
G. The Cenozoic
H. Glaciation in Earth History

V. Geochemistry
A. Analytical Geochemistry
B. Isotope Geochemistry
C. High-Temperature Geochemistry
D. Low-Temperature Geochemistry
E. Organic and Petroleum Geochemistry

VI. Mineralogy
A. Minerals
B. Crystallography
C. Silicates
D. Non-silicates

VII. Earth Surface Processes
A. Weathering and Erosion
B. Fluid flow and sediment transport
C. Glacial processes and landscapes
D. Rivers and Lakes
E. Marine processes and landscapes
F. Soil Formation
G. Wind processes and landscapes
H. Tectonic Geomorphology

VIII. Igneous Geology
A. Melting and crystallization processes
B. Igneous rocks
C. Volcanism: eruption mechanisms
D. Volcanic products
E. Volcanic environmental issues (past and present)

IX. Metamorphic Geology
A. Metamorphism
B. Metamorphic Rocks

X. Tectonics and Structural Geology
A. Nature of Tectonic Plate Movements
B. History of Continental Movements
C. Mountain Building Processes
D. Tectonics and Volcanism

XI. Regional Geology

XII. Geological Resources
A. Oil/gas (conventional and unconventional; fracking)
B. Coal
C. Minerals (metallic, non-metallic/industrial, nuclear fuel)
D. Exploration methods (to include geophysical and geochemical methods, remote sensing)
E. Mining/extraction methods
F. Uses, constraints, reserves
G. Environmental impacts
H. Geothermal resources

XIII. Other geological applications
A. Geological mapping
B. Engineering Geology (including waste disposal)
C. Hydrogeology
D. Forensic Geology

Details

No. of pages:
5000
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2021
Published:
8th December 2020
Imprint:
Academic Press
Book ISBN:
9780081029084

About the Editors in Chief

Scott Elias

Scott Elias received his PhD in Environmental Biology from the University of Colorado, then he went on to do postdoctoral fellowships at the University of Waterloo, Canada and the University of Berne, Switzerland. Scott returned to the University of Colorado in 1982, and became a research associate of the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research. He became a Fellow of the institute before departing for England to take up a lectureship in Physical Geography at Royal Holloway, University of London. Scott became Professor of Quaternary Science in 2007, following the publication of the Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science that same year. He retired from Royal Holloway in 2017, and continues to do research in Quaternary environments, focusing on the Arctic. Scott has authored or edited 10 books and 185 journal articles and book chapters.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA

David Alderton

David Alderton is Honorary Research Associate in the Department of Earth Sciences at Royal Holloway (University of London). He has been lecturing to undergraduate and postgraduate students for the past 36 years, mostly at UK institutions but also to US classes. Lecture courses have mostly been in the fields of mineralogy and mineral resources, mineral exploration and environmental and analytical geochemistry. He is also an experienced field geologist, having led numerous undergraduate field excursions and research expeditions, to various locations in Europe and farther afield (North and South America, Australia, central and south-east Asia). His research focuses on hydrothermal mineral deposits and the nature of environmental pollution related to mining, and the results of these studies have been published in more than 60 peer-reviewed papers. He has close links to industry and has been successful in obtaining funding to study the nature and behavior of mining-related waste materials.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Earth Sciences, Royal Holloway University of London, UK

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