Encyclopedia of Caves

2nd Edition

Editors: William B. White David C. Culver
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123838322
eBook ISBN: 9780123838339
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 19th January 2012
Page Count: 966
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Encyclopedia of Caves is a self-contained, beautifully illustrated work dedicated to caves and their unique environments. It includes more than 100 comprehensive articles from leading scholars and explorers in 15 different countries. Each entry is detailed and scientifically sound, yet accessible for students and non-scientists. This large-format reference is enchanced with hundreds of full-color photographs, maps, and drawings from the authors' own work, which provide unique images of the underground environment.

Key Features

  • Global in reach--authors are an international team of experts covering caves from around the world
  • Includes 24 new articles commissioned especially for this 2nd edition
  • Articles contain extensive bibliographies cross-referencing related essays
  • Hundreds of color photographs, maps, charts and illustrations of cave features and biota
  • A-Z sequence and a comprehensive index allow for easy location of topics
  • Glossary presents definitions of all key vocabulary items


The Encyclopedia of Caves is an essential interdisciplinary resource for scientists, students, and caving enthusiasts

Table of Contents

Contents By Subject Area

List of Contributors

Guide to the Encyclopedia


Adaptation to Low Food

Adaptive Shifts

Anchihaline (ANCHIALINE) Caves and Fauna

Ancient Cavers in Eastern North America

Asellus Aquaticus

Astyanax Mexicanus



Behavioral Adaptations


Burnsville Cove, Virginia


Castleguard Cave, Canada

Cave Dwellers in the Middle East

Cave Ecosystems

Cave, Definition of

Cavefish of China


Clastic Sediments in Caves

Closed Depressions in Karst Areas

Coastal Caves

Contamination of Cave Waters by Heavy Metals

Contamination of Cave Waters by Nonaqueous Phase Liquids

Cosmogenic Isotope Dating of Cave Sediments


Dinaric Karst

Diversity Patterns in Australia

Diversity Patterns in Europe

Diversity Patterns in the Dinaric Karst

Diversity Patterns in the Tropics

Diversity Patterns in the United States

Documentation and Databases

Ecological Classification of Subterranean Organisms

Entranceless Caves, Discovery of



Epikarst Communities

Evolution of Lineages

Exploration of Caves—General

Exploration of Caves—Underwater Exploration Techniques

Exploration of Caves—Vertical Caving Techniques

Folklore, Myth, and Legend, Caves in

Food Sources

Friars Hole System, West Virginia

Gammarus minus: A Model System for the Study of Adaptation to the Cave Environment

Geophysics of Locating Karst and Caves

Glacier Caves

Guano Communities

Gypsum Caves

Gypsum Flowers and Related Speleothems

Helictites and Related Speleothems

Hydrogeology of Karst Aquifers

Hydrothermal Caves


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2012
Academic Press
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About the Editor

William B. White

Affiliations and Expertise

The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

David C. Culver

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Environmental Science, American University, Washington, D.C., USA


Praise for the 1st edition:
"Although scientifically rigorous, the articles are readily approachable by the nonprofessional and at times include the reader in the 'hows' of cave exploration. Truly international in both geography and contributors, this encyclopedia is one for browsing-the perfect assemblage of 15- to 20-minute intellectual diversions."--AMERICAN SCIENTIST
"This monumental and attractively presented reference book belongs on the bookshelf of every person with an interest in caves, endangered species, or the biological diversity of our planet. The hundred or so chapter authors are a Who's Who of the world's cave experts...This book will be an invaluable reference for students, teachers, scientists, and anyone interested in learning more about the remarkable diversity of life and geology that lies hidden beneath our feet."--
Larry Master, Chief Zoologist, NatureServe