Encyclopedia of Caves is a self-contained, beautifully illustrated work dedicated to caves and their unique environments. It includes more than 100 comprehensive articles from leading scholars and explorers in 15 different countries. Each entry is detailed and scientifically sound, yet accessible for students and non-scientists. This large-format reference is enchanced with hundreds of full-color photographs, maps, and drawings from the authors' own work, which provide unique images of the underground environment. The Encyclopedia of Caves is an essential interdisciplinary resource for scientists, students, and caving enthusiasts.

Key Features

* Presents a cross-section of contemporary knowledge of caves ranging from biology, geology, and human uses to exploration techniques * Brings together 107 in-depth articles from respected international authors * Showcases hundreds of color and black & white photographs, maps, charts, and illustrations * Highlights many of the great caves of the world * Makes information easy to find with alphabetical listings, cross references, suggestions for further reading, plus a full glossary and index


Scientists and students whose research and study touches on caves or their ecosystems, including biologists, geologists, hydrologists, environmental scientists, mineralogists, etc. Also recreational cavers and the educated general public with an interest in caves.

Table of Contents

Adaptation to Darkness Elke Aden Adaptation to Low Food Kathrin Hüppop Adaptation to Low Oxygen Frédéric Hervant and Florian Malard Adaptive Shifts Francis G. Howarth and Hannelore Hoch Anchialine Caves Boris Sket Anchialine Cave, Biodiversity in Thomas M. Iliffe Bats Thomas H. Kunz and Susan W. Murray Beetles Oana Teodora Moldovan Behavioral Adaptations Jakob Parzefall Breakdown Elizabeth L. White Burnesville Cove, Virginia Gregg S. Clemmer Camps Gregg S. Clemmer Castleguard Cave, Canada Derek Ford Cave, Definition of David Culver and William B. White Cave Dwellers in the Middle East Paul Goldberg and Ofer Bar-Yosef Chemoautotrophy Annette Summers Engel Clastic Sediments in Caves Gregory S. Springer Closed Depressions Ugo Sauro Coastal Caves John Mylroie Contamination of Cave Waters by Heavy Metals Dorothy J. Vesper Contamination of Cave Waters by Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids (NPALs) Caroline L. Loop Cosmogenic Isotope Dating Darryl Granger Crustacea Horton H. Hobbs III Databases Keith Wheeland Dinaric Karst, Diversity in


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© 2004
Academic Press
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About the authors

William White

William B. White received a B.S. degree in chemistry from Juniata College (Huntingdon, PA) in 1954. Following four years at Mellon Institute in Pittsburgh, he entered Penn State and received a Ph.D. in geochemistry in 1962. In 1963, he joined the Penn State faculty, rising to full professor in 1972. White’s research interests cover a wide range of topics in geosciences and materials science including crystal chemistry, infrared and Raman spectroscopy, mineral physics, and aqueous geochemistry as well as extensive research on the hydrogeology and geomorphology of caves and karstic terrains. At Penn State he taught an undergraduate course on the Geology of Caves and Karst for many years. His research work has resulted in nearly 400 technical papers. He is author or editor of seven books including the widely used textbook Hydrology and Geomorphology of Karst Terrains.


"Culver and White have aimed at a broad span of topics, inlcuding some like caves in myths, show caves, Mayan caves and saltpetre mining, which might not be the ones that instantly come to mind...If there is any bias it might be towards cave biology, which is no bad thing as this is an area where infomration is not easily available." -John Goodier, in REFERENCE REVIEWS, VOL. 19, 2005 " excellent addition to the very limited currently available literature on caves and karst." -Andy Baker, Department of Geography, University of Birmingham, in JOURNAL OF QUATERNARY SCIENCE, 2005 "Although scientifically rigorous, the articles are readily approachable by the nonprofessional and at times include the reader in the 'hows' of cave exploration. Truly international in both geography and contributors, this encyclopedia is one for browsing-the perfect assemblage of 15- to 20-minute intellectual diversions." - AMERICAN SCIENTIST "This book is an exciting and significant contribution to the field of caves and karst. It represents an exceptionally handy reference for experts in specific aspects of caves and karst but it is also an excellent reference for those individuals who are less expert because technical jargon has been minimized. The sound a credit to the field and will make this a much sought after book for many years." - Malcolm S. Field, Editor, Journal of Cave and Karst Studies "Caves, caves and more caves! This book is for anyone and everyone with an interest in caves… This encyclopedia brings the mystique and science of caves to life and covers all types of caves, including those you might not have known existed…" - Journal of Sedimentary Reseach "Culver and White have brought together a truly international team of world-class experts--alm