Encyclopedia of Biodiversity

2nd Edition

Editor-in-Chiefs: Simon Levin
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123847195
eBook ISBN: 9780123847201
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 13th February 2013
Page Count: 5504
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Institutional Access


The 7-volume Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Second Edition maintains the reputation of the highly regarded original, presenting the most current information available in this globally crucial area of research and study. It brings together the dimensions of biodiversity and examines both the services it provides and the measures to protect it. Major themes of the work include the evolution of biodiversity, systems for classifying and defining biodiversity, ecological patterns and theories of biodiversity, and an assessment of contemporary patterns and trends in biodiversity.

The science of biodiversity has become the science of our future.  It is an interdisciplinary field spanning areas of both physical and life sciences. Our awareness of the loss of biodiversity has brought a long overdue appreciation of the magnitude of this loss and a determination to develop the tools to protect our future.

Key Features

  • Second edition includes over 100 new articles and 226 updated articles covering this multidisciplinary field— from evolution to habits to economics, in 7 volumes
  • The editors of this edition are all well respected, instantly recognizable academics operating at the top of their respective fields in biodiversity research; readers can be assured that they are reading material that has been meticulously checked and reviewed by experts
  • Approximately 1,800 figures and 350 tables complement the text, and more than 3,000 glossary entries explain key terms


University, research, and special libraries; non-profit groups working in biodiversity-related areas; industries with an interest in preserving and utilizing natural resources, from timber and chemical corporations to insurance companies; fish and wildlife exploiters, protectors, and regulators; zoos, zoological societies, and natural history museums.

Table of Contents


Acid and Mercury Deposition Effects on Forest and Freshwater Aquatic Ecosystems


Adaptive Radiation

Aesthetic Factors

Africa, Ecosystems of

African and Asian Savannas

Agricultural Invasions

Agriculture, Industrialized

Agriculture, Nutrient Management, and Water Quality

Agriculture, Sustainable

Agriculture, Traditional


Air Pollution

Alpine Ecosystems

Amazon Ecosystems

Amphibians, Biodiversity of

Antarctic Ecosystems



Archaea, Origin of

Arctic Terrestrial Ecosystems

Arthropods (Terrestrial), Amazonian

Asia, Ecosystems of

Atmospheric Gases

Australia, Biodiversity of Ecosystems

Bacterial Biodiversity

Bacterial Genetics


Biodiversity and Cultural Ecosystem Services

Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

Biodiversity and Human Health

Biodiversity and Pest Control Services

Biodiversity as a Commodity

Biodiversity, Definition of

Biodiversity, Evolution and

Biodiversity-Friendly Farming

Biodiversity Generation, Overview

Biodiversity, Human Well-Being, and Markets

Biodiversity Informatics

Biodiversity in Logged and Managed Forests

Biodiversity in Plant Breeding

Biodiversity of Harmful Marine Algae

Biodiversity of the Succulent Karoo

Biodiversity, Origin of

Biodiversity-Rich Countries

Biodiversity State and Trends in Southeast Asia

Biofuels and Biodiversity: The Implications of Energy Sprawl

Biofuels and Biodiversity, Wildlife Habitat Restoration

Biogeochemical Cycles

Biogeographical Models

Biogeography, Overview


Birds, Biodiversity of

Boreal Forest Ecosystems

Breeding of Animals




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© Academic Press 2013
Academic Press
Hardcover ISBN:
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About the Editor-in-Chief

Simon Levin

As the Director of the Princeton Environmental Institute and the George M. Moffett Professor of Biology, Simon A. Levin has received many honors and awards for his work in the modeling of ecological systems, the dynamics of populations and communities, spatial heterogeneity and problems of scale, and mathematical and theoretical ecology. He has taught at institutions around the world, including the University of Oxford, Stanford University, the University of Kyoto, The Weizmann Institute, and the University of British Columbia. He sits on the boards of the American Association of the Advancement of Science, the Beijer Institute, the Committee of Concerned Scientists, and the H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics, and the Environment, among others.

Affiliations and Expertise

Princeton University, New Jersey, U.S.A.


"The second edition of the Encyclopedia of Biodiversity updates the first…with 100 new entries and more than 200 revised ones. It now offers more than 350 articles…Topics range from typical biological ones like genetics, population, and evolution to broader subjects like public policy, economics, and human effects on the environment. Novice readers will appreciate the overview of biodiversity theories and concepts sections."--Choice Reviews Online, April 2014