Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics

Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics

2nd Edition - December 20, 2011

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  • Editor-in-Chief: Ruth Chadwick
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123736321

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Description

The Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics, Second Edition, Four Volume Set addresses both the physiological and the psychological aspects of human behavior.  Carefully crafted, well written, and thoroughly indexed, the encyclopedia helps users - whether they are students just beginning formal study of the broad field or specialists in a branch of psychology - understand the field and how and why humans behave as we do. The work is an all-encompassing reference providing a comprehensive and definitive review of the field. A broad and inclusive table of contents ensures detailed investigation of historical and theoretical material as well as in-depth analysis of current issues. Several disciplines may be involved in applied ethics: one branch of applied ethics, for example, bioethics, is commonly explicated in terms of ethical, legal, social, and philosophical issues.  Editor-in-Chief Ruth Chadwick has put together a group of leading contributors ranging from philosophers to practitioners in the particular fields in question, to academics from disciplines such as law and economics. The 376 chapters are divided into 4 volumes, each chapter falling into a subject category including Applied Ethics;  Bioethics; Computers and Information Management; Economics/Business; Environmental Ethics; Ethics and Politics; Legal; Medical Ethics; Philosophy/Theories;  Social; and Social/Media.

Key Features

  • Concise entries (ten pages on average) provide foundational knowledge of the field
  • Each article will features suggested readings pointing readers to additional sources for more information, a list of related websites, a 5-10 word glossary and a definition paragraph, and cross-references to related articles in the encyclopedia
  • Newly expanded editorial board and a host of international contributors from the US, Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Sweden, and the United Kingdom
  • The 376 chapters are divided into 4 volumes, each chapter falling into a subject category including Applied Ethics; Bioethics; Computers and Information Management; Economics/Business; Environmental Ethics; Ethics and Politics; Legal; Medical Ethics; Philosophy/Theories; Social; and Social/Media

Readership

Undergraduate and graduate students in psychology and the behavioral sciences, as well as researchers in various psychological subdisciplines and psychiatry; the encyclopedia is also useful for the lay public who may have an interest in topics related to human behavior

Table of Contents

  • Editor-in-Chief

    Section Editors

    Editorial Advisory Board

    Preface

    Permission Acknowledgments

    Article Titles

    A

    Abortion

    Accounting and Business Ethics

    Acts and Omissions

    Addiction

    Adoption

    Advance Directives

    Advertising

    Affirmative Action

    Affordable Housing, Ethics of

    Ageism

    Agricultural Ethics

    AIDS, Ethical Issues in Health Care

    AIDS in the Developing World

    Altruism and Economics

    Anatomy, Ethics of

    Animal Research

    Animal Rights

    Anthropocentrism

    Appearance, Ethics of

    Applied Ethics, Challenges to

    Applied Ethics, Overview

    Archaeological Ethics

    Aristotelian Ethics

    Arts, The

    Auditing Practices

    Authority in Education

    Autonomy

    B

    Benefit Sharing

    Biobanks

    Biocentrism

    Biodiversity

    Bioethics, Overview

    Bioinformatics and Ethics

    Biometric Technologies, Ethical Implications

    Biopower (Foucault)

    Biotechnology

    Bioterrorism

    Border Control

    Brain Death

    Broadcast Journalism

    Buddhism

    Built Environment, Ethics and the

    Business Ethics and Gender Issues

    Business Ethics and the Quality of Life

    Business Ethics, Overview

    Business Practices and Agent Virtue

    C

    Capital Punishment

    Care, Ethics of

    Casuistry

    Censorship

    Child Abuse

    Children’s Rights

    Christian Ethics, Protestant

    Christian Ethics, Roman Catholic

    Citizenship

    Civil Disobedience

    Civilian Populations in War, Targeting of

    Climate Change

    Clinical Ethics

    Cloning

    Codes of Ethics

    Collective Guilt

    Communication Ethics

    Communitarianism

    Community Consent

    Complementary Medicine

    Computer and Information Ethics

    Computer Security

    Confidentiality, General Issues of

    Confidentiality of Sources in Social Research

    Conflict of Interest

    Confucianism

    Conjoined Twins

    Conscientious Objection

    Consequentialism and Deontology

    Consumer Rights

    Contractarian Ethics

    Corporate Ethics, Reputation Management

    Corporate Governance

    Corporate Responsibility

    Corporations, Ethics in

    Cosmetic Surgery

    Cosmopolitanism

    Crime and Society

    Custody of Children

    Cyborgs

    D

    Darwinism

    Death, Definition of

    Death, Medical Aspects of

    Death, Social Attitudes Toward

    Deep Ecology

    Defenses at Criminal Law

    Democracy

    Dental Ethics

    Developing World Bioethics

    Development Ethics

    Development Issues, Environmental

    Dignity

    Disability, Definition within Law and Society

    Disaster Relief

    Discourse Ethics

    Discrimination, Concept of

    Distributive Justice, Theories of

    Divorce

    Do-Not-Resuscitate Decisions

    Drugs, Moral and Legal Issues

    Dual Use of Biotechnology

    E

    Ecological Balance

    Economic Ethics, Overview

    Economic Globalization and Ethico-Political Rights

    Economies and Trust

    Ectogenesis

    Education Ethics, Civil Education

    Egoism and Altruism

    Elderly, Social Attitudes Toward

    Election Strategies

    Electronic Surveillance

    Embryology, Ethics of

    Environmental Compliance by Industry

    Environmental Economics

    Environmental Ethics, Overview

    Environmental Impact Assessment

    Environmental Justice

    Epicureanism

    Equality and Egalitarianism

    Ethical Experiments

    Ethical Expertise in Policy

    Ethics and Policy

    Ethics of a Sustainable World Population in 100 Years

    Ethnocultural Minority Groups, Status and Treatment of

    Eugenics

    Euthanasia (Physician-Assisted Suicide)

    Everyday Ethics

    Evidence-Based Medicine

    Evil, Problem of

    Evolutionary Perspectives on Ethics

    Executive Compensation

    Existentialism

    Exploitation

    F

    Family, The

    Female Circumcision and Genital Mutilation

    Feminist Ethics

    Fetal Research

    Fetus

    Food Ethics

    Forgery and Plagiarism

    Freedom of Expression

    Freudianism

    Friendship

    Functional Food and Personalized Nutrition

    G

    Gaia Hypothesis

    Gambling in the United States

    Game Theory

    Gender Roles

    Gene Therapy

    Genetic Ancestry

    Genetic Counseling

    Genetic Engineering of Human Beings

    Genetic Exceptionalism

    Genetics and Behavior

    Genetics and Crime

    Genetics and Insurance

    Genetic Screening

    Genomic Databases, Ethical Issues in

    Global Access to Knowledge

    Global Ethics, Approaches

    Global Ethics, Overview

    Global Public Goods

    Greek Ethics, Overview

    Gun Control

    H

    Health and Disease, Concepts of

    Health Impact Assessment

    Health Technology Assessment

    Hedonism

    Hermeneutics

    Hinduism

    Historical Evidence in Medical Ethics, Use of

    Homelessness

    Homicide, Criminal

    Homosexuality, Societal Attitudes Toward

    Human Enhancement

    Human Genome Project

    Human Nature, Views of

    Human Research Subjects, Selection of

    Human Rights

    Humanism

    I

    Imperialism

    Improper Payments and Gifts

    Indigenous Rights

    Infectious Diseases

    Infertility

    Informed Consent

    Innovation, Definition of

    Intellectual Property Rights

    Intelligence Testing

    Internet, Regulation and Censorship

    Intrinsic and Instrumental Value

    Islam

    J

    Journalism Ethics

    Judaism

    Jury Conduct

    Just War Theory

    Justice in International Research

    Juvenile Crime

    K

    Kantianism

    L

    Land Use Issues

    Leadership, Ethics of

    Liberalism

    Life, Concept of

    Literature and Ethics

    Loyalty

    M

    Machiavellianism

    Marxism and Ethics

    Media Depiction of Ethnic Minorities

    Media Organizations as Social Institutions

    Media Ownership

    Medical Codes and Oaths

    Medical Ethics, History of

    Medical Ethics, Use of Empirical Evidence in

    Medical Futility

    Medical Humanities

    Mental Disorder, Concept of

    Mercy and Forgiveness

    Military Ethics

    Mobility (Migration)

    Mobility (Transport)

    Moral Development

    Moral Particularism

    Moral Relativism

    Multidisciplinary Approaches to Ethics

    N

    Nanotechnology

    Native American Cultures

    Nature versus Nurture

    Needs and Justice

    Neuroethics/Brain Imaging

    Normative Coherence, Theory of

    Nuclear Deterrence

    Nuclear Testing

    Nuclear Warfare

    Nursing

    Nutrigenomics

    O

    Obesity

    Objectivity in Reporting

    Open Source Software

    Organ Donation and Transplantation

    Organizations and Guidelines

    P

    Pacifism

    Painism

    Palliative Care

    Parliamentary Ethics

    Patents

    Paternalism

    Patients’ Rights

    Payment of Research Subjects, Ethical Issues in

    Pedophilia

    Perfectionism

    Personal Relationships

    Personalism

    Personalized Medicine and Promissory Science

    Persuasive Technology

    Pharmacogenetics

    Physiotherapy, Ethics of

    Placebo Treatment

    Platonism

    Playing God

    Police Accountability

    Police and Race Relations

    Political Correctness

    Political Ecology

    Political Obligation

    Population Health Data

    Pornography

    Poststructuralism

    Poverty

    Pragmatism

    Precautionary Principle

    Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis

    Preventive Medicine

    Principlism

    Privacy, Challenges to

    Privacy, Ethics of

    Professional Ethics

    Property Rights

    Prostitution

    Proteomics

    Psychiatric Ethics

    Psychiatry, Coercive Treatment

    Psychosurgery and Physical Brain Manipulation

    Public Engagement in Science and Technology

    Public Health Ethics

    Publish-or-Perish Syndrome

    R

    Race and Genomics

    Racism

    Randomized Trials

    Rape

    Reality TV

    Regenerative Medicine

    Religion and Ethics

    Religion in Schools

    Reproductive Technologies, Overview

    Research Ethics, Clinical

    Research Ethics Committees

    Research Funding and Academic Freedom

    Research Governance

    Resource Allocation

    Responsibility

    Right to Know and Right Not to Know

    Rights Theory

    Risk Governance in a Complex World

    S

    Safety Laws

    Savior Siblings

    Science and Engineering Ethics, Overview

    Scientific Publishing

    Scientific Responsibility and Misconduct

    Self-Deception

    Sen’s “Capabilities” and Economic Welfare

    Sex Equality

    Sex Selection

    Sexism

    Sexual Content in Films and Television

    Sexual Orientation

    Sikhism

    Slavery and Human Trafficking

    Slippery Slope Arguments

    Social Ethics, Overview

    Socially Responsible Investment

    Social Networking Sites

    Social Responsibility Principle

    Social Security

    Social Services Ethics, Overview

    Social Welfare, Provision and Finance

    Social Work

    Solidarity

    Space Ethics

    Speciesism

    Sports, Ethics of

    Stem Cells

    Stewardship

    Stoicism

    Strikes

    Suggestion, Ethics of

    Suicide (Not Assisted)

    Sustainability

    Synthetic Biology

    T

    Tabloid Journalism

    Taoism

    Technology Assessment, Analytic and Democratic Practice

    Technology, Ethics of: Overview

    Technology Transfer

    Terrorism

    Theories of Ethics, Overview

    Theories of Justice, Rawls

    Therapeutic Misconception

    Thomism

    Tourism

    Trade Law and Globalization

    Transhumanism

    Transsexualism

    Trust

    Truth Telling and Journalism

    U

    Undercover Investigations, Ethics of

    Utilitarianism

    V

    Vegetarianism

    Veterinary Ethics

    Victimless Crimes

    Violence in Films and Television

    Virtual Communities, Ethics of

    Virtue Ethics

    W

    Warfare, Codes of

    Welfare Policies

    Whistleblowing

    Wildlife Conservation

    Women’s Rights

    Workplace Ethics: Issues for Human Service Professionals in the New Millennium

    X

    Xenotransplantation

    Z

    Zoological Parks

    Subject Index

    Authors

Product details

  • No. of pages: 3464
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2011
  • Published: December 20, 2011
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123736321

About the Editor in Chief

Ruth Chadwick

Ruth Chadwick
Ruth Chadwick is Distinguished Research Professor and Director of the ESRC (Economic and Social Sciences Research Council) Centre for Economic and Social Aspects of Genomics (Cesagen), at Cardiff University, UK and Link Chair between Cardiff Law School and the School of English, Communication and Philosophy (ENCAP). Professor Chadwick has coordinated a number of projects funded by the European Commission, including the EUROSCREEN projects and co-edits the journal Bioethics and the online journal Genomics, Society and Policy. She is Chair of the Human Genome Organisation Committee on Ethics, Law and Society, and has served as a member of several policy-making and advisory bodies, including the Panel of Eminent Ethical Experts of the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), and the UK Advisory Committee on Novel Foods and Processes (ACNFP). She was editor-in-chief of the first edition of the award winning Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics. She is an Academician of the Academy of Social Sciences and a Fellow of the Hastings Center, New York; of the Royal Society of Arts; and of the Royal Society of Medicine. In 2005 she was the winner of the World Technology Network Award for Ethics for her work on the relationship between scientific developments and ethical frameworks. She graduated with first class Honours Literae Humaniores (Philosophy and Greek and Latin Literature) from the University of Oxford, and then went on to take the B.Phil. in Philosophy. She was awarded her D.Phil. on The Ethics of Eugenics and Genetic Engineering, supervised by Jonathan Glover. She completed an LL.B. (externally) at the University of London. She held positions at the University of Liverpool, St. Martins College, Lancaster, and University of Wales, Cardiff, before taking up her post as Professor of Moral Philosophy at the University of Central Lancashire. In June 1995 she became Head of the Centre for Professional Ethics at the University, a position she still holds. She has coordinated a number of multinational and multidisciplinary research projects funded by the European Union: Ethical Implications of Human Genome Analysis for Clinical Practice in Medical Genetics, with Special Reference to Genetic Counselling (1992); EUROSCREEN: Genetic Screening--Ethical and Philosophical Perspectives (1994–1996); BIOCULT: Cultural and Social Objections to Biotechnology, with Special Reference to the View of Young People (1995); EUROSCREEN 2: Genetic Screening--Towards Community Policy on Insurance, Commercialisation and Public Awareness (1996–1999). Her publications include the four volume edited collection, Kant: Critical Assessments (1992); Ethics, Reproduction and Genetic Control (Revised Edition, 1992);and a large number of papers in learned journals. She is joint series editor of the Routledge series on Professional Ethics. Professor Chadwick is secretary of the International Association of Bioethics and a member of the HUGO Ethics committee, the National Committee for Philosophy and the British Medical Association Steering Group on Human Genetics.

Affiliations and Expertise

Distinguished Research Professor and Director, ESRC (Economic and Social Sciences Research Council) Centre for Economic and Social Aspects of Genomics (Cesagen), at Cardiff University, UK

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