Emerging Carbon Capture Technologies

Emerging Carbon Capture Technologies

Towards a Sustainable Future

1st Edition - April 22, 2022

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  • Editors: Mohammad Khalid, Swapnil Dharaskar, Mika Sillanpää, Humaira Siddiqui
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323885690
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323897822

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Description

Carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and conversion to value added products, such as chemicals, polymers, and carbon-based fuels represents a promising approach to transform a potential threat to the environment into a value-added product for long term sustainability. Emerging Carbon Capture Technologies: Towards a Sustainable Future provides a multidisciplinary view of the research that is being carried out in this field, covering materials and processes for CO2 capture and utilization and including a broad discussion of the impact of novel technologies in carbon capture on the energy landscape, society and climate. Of interest to students, researchers and professionals in industries related to greenhouse gas mitigation, post-combustion CO2 capture processes, coal-fired power plants, environmental sustainability, green solvents, green technologies, and the utilization of clean energy for environmental protection, this book covers both the experimental and theoretical aspects of novel materials and process development providing a holistic approach toward a sustainable energy future.

Key Features

  • Includes a wide range of processes and their applications
  • Covers the experimental and theoretical aspects of novel materials and process development
  • Includes techno-economics analysis, regulation, policies and future prospects

Readership

Academic researchers and graduate students in chemical and environmental engineering. Industries related to greenhouse gas mitigation, post-combustion CO2 capture process, coal-fired power plants, environmental sustainability, green solvent, green technology, utilization of clean energy for environmental protection

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • About the editors
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. Introduction to carbon capture
  • 1. Carbon cycle: source to sink
  • 2. Sectors responsible for anthropogenic CO2 emission
  • 3. Energy CO2-nexus and climate change
  • 4. Overview of CO2 capture methods
  • 5. CO2 capture from stationary industrial sources
  • 6. Technologies for CO2 separation
  • 7. Thermodynamics of CO2 separation
  • 8. CO2 capture economics
  • 9. Challenges and future directions
  • 10. Conclusions
  • Chapter 2. CO2 capture by absorption
  • 1. Introduction to the absorption process
  • 2. Solvent systems for chemical absorption
  • 3. Solubility criteria for CO2 absorption
  • 4. Physical chemistry of CO2 absorption
  • 5. Novel solvents for CO2 absorption
  • 6. Absorption cost and energy requirement
  • 7. Recycling and regeneration criteria
  • 8. Challenges and future perspective
  • 9. Conclusion
  • Chapter 3. CO2 capture by adsorption
  • 1. Introduction to gas-solid adsorption
  • 2. Conventional solid adsorbents
  • 3. Flexible adsorbents
  • 4. Novel adsorbent materials
  • 5. Recent developments in adsorption technology
  • 6. Adsorption cost model and energy requirement
  • 7. Challenges and future perspective
  • 8. Conclusion
  • Chapter 4. Chemical looping combustion for inherent CO2 capture
  • 1. Gas separation—the crux of CO2 capture
  • 2. Chemical looping combustion (CLC)
  • 3. Fuels for chemical looping combustion
  • 4. Oxygen carriers for chemical looping combustion
  • 5. Reactor systems for chemical looping combustion
  • 6. Performance model for chemical looping combustion
  • 7. Power plant applications of chemical looping combustion
  • 8. Outlook for CLC
  • 9. Conclusions
  • Chapter 5. Membrane for CO2 separation
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Membrane contactors
  • 3. Gas separation membranes
  • 4. Challenges and future prospects
  • 5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 6. Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide to hydrocarbons: techniques and methods
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Reaction mechanism
  • 3. Techniques and concepts in electrochemistry
  • 4. Experimental investigations
  • 5. Analytical techniques for formic acid/formate
  • 6. Conclusions
  • Chapter 7. Hydrate-based CO2 separation
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. CO2 separation technologies
  • 3. Technical drawbacks associated with conventional CO2 separation technologies
  • 4. Gas hydrates
  • 5. Gas hydrate–based CO2 capture
  • 6. CO2 hydrate-based separation process and reactor designs
  • 7. Different hydrate promoters (chemical additives)
  • 8. Cost comparison calculation for hydrate-based CO2 separation
  • 9. Conclusions
  • Chapter 8. Innovations in cryogenic carbon capture
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. CO2 capture approaches and technologies
  • 3. Cryogenic technologies
  • 4. Benefits of cryogenic carbon capture techniques
  • 5. Challenges and limitations of cryogenic carbon capture techniques
  • 6. Conclusion
  • Chapter 9. CO2 capture from the atmospheric air using nanomaterials
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Direct atmosphere CO2 capture
  • 3. Nanomaterials for DACC
  • 4. Challenges and future perspective
  • 5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 10. CO2 transportation: safety regulations and energy requirement
  • Nomenclature
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. CO2 pipelines design and technical characteristics
  • 3. Pipeline safety and integrity
  • 4. Pipeline access and tariff regulation
  • 5. CO2 maritime transportation system
  • 6. Land transportation
  • 7. Cost estimation
  • 8. Environment, safety, and risk aspects
  • 9. Energy requirement
  • 10. Legal issues and international conventions
  • 11. Conclusions
  • Chapter 11. Techno-economic analysis and optimization models for CO2 capture processes
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Parameters describing CO2 capture process technical performance
  • 3. Economical parameters and cost functions
  • 4. Methodology for CO2 capture process analysis
  • 5. Example case calculation and performance analysis
  • 6. Cost structure of different CO2 capture technologies
  • 7. Life cycle assessment for various CO2 capture processes
  • 8. Potential improvement and cost reduction
  • 9. Challenges and future perspective
  • 10. Conclusion
  • Chapter 12. Modeling and molecular simulation methods for CO2 capture
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Molecular simulations of materials employed for CO2 capture
  • 3. Process modeling and simulation
  • 4. Challenges and future directions
  • 5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 13. Biological processes for CO2 capture
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Biological approaches for CO2 capture
  • 3. The extent of CO2 fixation by microalgae
  • 4. Approaches based on nonphotosynthetic organisms
  • 5. Approaches based on bioelectrochemical systems
  • 6. Forestation for CO2 capture
  • 7. Improve forestry techniques to reduce emissions
  • 8. Carbon sequestration on agricultural lands
  • 9. Oceanic fertilization
  • 10. Challenges and future trends
  • 11. Conclusions
  • Chapter 14. Decarbonization: regulation and policies
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. The Paris Agreement
  • 3. Carbon tax and credit
  • 4. Role of government in enforcing the policies: Morocco as a case study
  • 5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 15. Circular carbon economy
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Moving toward a low carbon economy using circular economy principle
  • 3. The circular economy opportunity for industries
  • 4. Policy levers for a low carbon circular economy
  • 5. Challenges and future directions
  • 6. Conclusions
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 500
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: April 22, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323885690
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323897822

About the Editors

Mohammad Khalid

Dr. Mohammad Khalid is a Research Professor and Head of Graphene and Advanced 2D Materials Research Group at Sunway University, Malaysia. His research interests lie in the area of advanced nanomaterial synthesis, heat transfer fluids, energy harvesting, and storage. He is among the top 2% of scientists in the world, with over 200 research articles published in peer-reviewed international journals. He has supervised more than 30 postgraduate students and has over 15 years of research and teaching experience. He is also a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (FHEA), UK.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Professor and Head of Graphene and Advanced 2D Materials Research Group at Sunway University, Malaysia

Swapnil Dharaskar

Dr. Swapnil Dharaskar is an Associate Professor & Head of the Chemical Engineering Department, School of Technology at Pandit Deendayal Energy University, Gandhinagar, Gujarat. His research interests are CO2 separations, Deep Eutectic Solvents/Ionic Liquids, Desulfurization Process, and Nanotechnology. He is the principal investigator of a CO2 separation project funded by the Department of Science and Technology, India, as part of the Mission-Innovation carbon capture scheme. He has supervised 6 PhDs and 20 MTech students and has published over 50 research papers in international journals. He is a member of various professional organisations, including IIChE, AIChE, ACS, IWA, IEI, ISTE, IAENG, ISRD, IAN, etc. He also serves on the Editorial Boards of several prestigious international journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor & Head of the Chemical Engineering Department, School of Technology at Pandit Deendayal Energy University, Gandhinagar, Gujarat

Mika Sillanpää

Mika Sillanpää is a Professor affiliated to the Department of Biological and Chemical Engineering at Aarhus University, as well as King Saud University, Saudi Arabia. He received his M.Sc. (Eng.) and D.Sc. (Eng.) from Aalto University, Finland. Prof. Sillanpää’s publications have been cited over 44,000 times (Google Scholar), and he has received numerous awards for research and innovation. Among these, he is the first Laureate of the Scientific Committee on the Problems of the Environment (SCOPE)’s Young Investigator Award. From 2017 to 2020, he has been listed as a Highly Cited Researcher by Thomson Reuters. In 2018, he was invited to become a Member of the Finnish Academy of Sciences and Letters and the Academy of Technical Sciences.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Biological and Chemical Engineering, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark

Humaira Siddiqui

Humaira Siddiqui graduated from Integral University in India with a bachelor's degree in Biotechnology Engineering. She is currently pursuing her M.Sc at the School of Medicine and Life Sciences, Sunway University, Malaysia. Her research focuses on the carbonic anhydrase enzyme mediated carbon capture from extremophiles.

Affiliations and Expertise

M.Sc, School of Medicine and Life Sciences, Sunway University, Malaysia

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