Elephants Under Human Care

Elephants Under Human Care

The Behaviour, Ecology, and Welfare of Elephants in Captivity

1st Edition - September 27, 2020

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  • Author: Paul Rees
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128167267
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128162088

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This book draws together, for the first time, the published research on the behaviour, ecology and welfare of elephants living in zoos, circuses, logging camps and other captive environments in a single comprehensive volume. It takes a multi-disciplinary approach, considering the work of zoo biologists, animal behaviour and welfare scientists, veterinarians, philosophers, zoo educators, tourism specialists, conservation biologists, lawyers and others with a professional interest in elephants. Elephants under Human Care: The Behaviour, Ecology, and Welfare of Elephants in Captivity is a valuable resource for zoo biology and animal welfare researchers. It is also useful for students and zoo professionals and managers looking for a comprehensive guide to current research on captive elephants. Although not intended as a husbandry manual, the book discusses some of the elephant welfare standards developed by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) and the British and Irish Association of Zoos and Aquariums (BIAZA) and their relationship to current knowledge of captive elephants.

Key Features

  • Includes results of captive studies compared with field studies of wild elephants
  • Features original images of elephant behaviour as they live and behave under human care
  • Includes results of the author’s original research including many original photographs
  • Considers future implications of research for the welfare and conservation of elephants, both for elephants in captivity and those living in the wild


Researchers in zoo biology and animal management; students (undergraduate and graduate); zoo professionals working with elephants

Table of Contents

  • 1. Elephants and Their Relationship with Humans
    2. Ethological Data Collection and Elephant Activity Budgets
    3. Elephant Social Structure, Behaviour, and Complexity
    4. Elephant Reproductive Biology
    5. Elephant Cognition, Communication and Tool Use
    6. Elephant Ecology and Genetics
    7. Elephant Welfare
    8. Housing and Handling Elephants
    9. Ethics, Pressure Groups and the Law
    10. The Conservation Value of Captive Elephants
    11. The Future of Elephants in Captivity

Product details

  • No. of pages: 410
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2020
  • Published: September 27, 2020
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128167267
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128162088

About the Author

Paul Rees

Paul A. Rees is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Science, Engineering and Environment at the University of Salford, in the United Kingdom, and has taught at various levels for nearly four decades. In 2002, he introduced Wildlife Programmes at Salford and in 2005 established the first undergraduate programme in the UK focusing on zoo biology. His research interests include the behaviour and welfare of animals in zoos, especially elephants, the ecology and behaviour of mammals, biological education and wildlife law. In addition to authoring a number of books, including An Introduction to Zoo Biology and Management (Wiley-Blackwell, 2011), Dictionary of Zoo Biology and Animal Management (Wiley-Blackwell, 2013), Studying Captive Animals (Wiley-Blackwell, 2015) and Examining Ecology (Elsevier, 2018), he also once worked as an elephant keeper.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Lecturer, School of Science, Engineering and Environment, University of Salford, UK

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