Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444637772

Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications

1st Edition

Li-Battery Safety

Editors: Jürgen Garche Klaus Brandt
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444637772
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 28th September 2018
Page Count: 670
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Safety of Lithium Batteries describes how best to assure safety during all phases of the life of Lithium ion batteries (production, transport, use, and disposal). About 5 billion Li-ion cells are produced each year, predominantly for use in consumer electronics. This book describes how the high-energy density and outstanding performance of Li-ion batteries will result in a large increase in the production of Li-ion cells for electric drive train vehicle (xEV) and battery energy storage (BES or EES) purposes. The high-energy density of Li battery systems comes with special hazards related to the materials employed in these systems.

The manufacturers of cells and batteries have strongly reduced the hazard probability by a number of measures. However, absolute safety of the Li system is not given as multiple incidents in consumer electronics have shown.

Key Features

  • Presents the relationship between chemical and structure material properties and cell safety
  • Relates cell and battery design to safety as well as system operation parameters to safety
  • Outlines the influences of abuses on safety and the relationship to battery testing
  • Explores the limitations for transport and storage of cells and batteries
  • Includes recycling, disposal and second use of lithium ion batteries


Electrochemists, chemists, and chemical engineers, material scientists, electrical and mechanical engineers involved in all phases of the life of a battery (research, development, production, transport, use, and disposal). It could also be useful to electrical, mechanical and safety engineers, transportation dispatchers, architects as well as car manufacturers, fleet operators, park house operators, tunnel operators, car wash operators, car service stations

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
Jurgen Garche, Klaus Brandt, B. Barnett
2. General overview of non-lithium battery systems and their safety issues
Uwe Kohler
3. Overview of lithium battery systems
Peter Kurzweil, Klaus Brandt
4. Safety aspects of lithium-primary batteries
Michael Pozin, Steven Wicelinski
5. Safety of lithium-secondary batteries - an introduction
Erik J. Spek
6. General overview of lithium-secondary battery safety issues
Klaus Brandt, Jürgen Garche
7. Lithium-secondary cell - sources of risks and their effects
7A. Sources of Risk
Chris Lyness
7B. Chemical reaction to risk scenarios
Meike Fleischhammer
7C. Analysis of Gases Emitted in Safety Events
Michael Abert
7D. Internal Short Circuits
Brian Barnett
7E. Effect of electrical energy and aging on cell safety
Martin Gilljam, Helge Weydahl, Sissel Forseth, Preben J. S. Vie, Torleif Lian
8. Li-secondary battery - Risk management by manufacturers
8A. Managing of risk by cell manufacturers
Bor Yann Liaw, FuQing Wang, YiMin Wei
8B. Managing of risk by battery manufacturers
Klaus Brandt, Jörg Schultheiß, Markus Schweizer-Berberich
8C. Managing of risk by car manufacturers
Sonia Dandl, Thomas Wöhrle, Peter Lamp
8D. Managing of risk by manufacturers of consumer equipment
Judith A. Jeevarajan
8E. Managing of risk by manufacturers of battery energy storage systems
Hilmi Buqa, Karl-Heinz Pettinger
9. Lithium-secondary battery - risk management by users and stakeholders
Klaus Brandt, Jurgen Garche
10. Lithium-secondary battery – safety tests
10A. Safety tests
Detlef Hoffmann
10B. Modeling of safety tests and events
Martin Petit, Guy Marlair, Sara Abada, Cao-Yang Wang
11. Lithium-secondary battery – special risks
11A. Special risks during transport and storage
George A. Kerchner, Jurgen Garche
11B. Special hazards of lithium batteries at end of life
Jean-Pol Wiaux
12. Lithium-secondary battery – Damage control
12A. Handling of safety incidents
Jens Tübke, Karsten Pinkwart
12B. Procedures for incident investigations
Christopher Hendricks      
12C. Ignition and extinction of battery fires
Harry Doering, Jürgen Garche, Verena Liebau
12D. Overview about accidents: Selected lessons learned from prior safety-related failures of lithium-secondary batteries
Xuning FENG, Minggao OUYANG, Languang LU
12E. Legal aspects on high-voltage battery safety
Juergen Wilhelmy


No. of pages:
© Elsevier 2019
Hardcover ISBN:

About the Editor

Jürgen Garche

Jürgen Garche

Prof. Dr. Jürgen Garche has more than 40 years of experience in battery and fuel cell research & development. In his academic career the focus was on material research. Thereafter, he worked on and directed cell and system development of conventional (LAB, NiCd, NiMH) and advanced (Li-Ion, NaNiCl2, Redox-Flow) batteries. His experience includes also fuel cells (mainly low temperature FCs) and supercaps. He established the battery & FC division of the ZSW in Ulm (Germany), an industry related R&D institute with about 100 scientists and technicians. His interest in battery safety goes back to the work with the very large battery safety testing center of the ZSW. In 2004 he founded the FC&Battery consulting office FCBAT; furthermore he is a senior professor at Ulm University.

Affiliations and Expertise

Fuel Cell and Battery Consulting, Ulm, Germany

Klaus Brandt

Dr. Klaus Brandt has over 35 years of experience in research, development and manufacturing of lithium and lithium ion batteries. He co-founded Moli Energy in Canada which produced the first rechargeable battery with a lithium metal anode. In the field of lithium ion batteries, he worked in various management positions for battery companies like Varta and Duracell. His last industrial position was with Clariant which produced cathode and anode active materials for lithium ion batteries.

Affiliations and Expertise

Previous affiliations with Moli Energy, Varta, Duracell, and Clariant

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