Electrochemical Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Electrochemical Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment

1st Edition - April 4, 2022

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  • Editors: Zhiwei Wang, Kwang-Ho Choo, Chuyang Tang, T Waite
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128244708
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323859875

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Electrochemical membrane technology has drawn extensive attention worldwide during the past decade in water and wastewater treatment. Coupling electrochemical process with membrane technology not only enables a higher removal or decomposition of pollutants in waters, but also ensures a more effective control of membrane fouling as well as a more highly selective separation process. The recent development of electrochemical membrane technology has also extended its applications in desalination, energy harvest, and resource recovery from seawater and wastewaters. Electrochemical Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment consolidates state-of-the-art research developments in electrochemical membrane technology in water reclamation and sustainability in terms of fundamental theories, membrane and electrode materials, reactor designs, fouling control mechanisms and applications. Electrochemical Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment also introduces fundamental theories and applications of electrochemical membrane technology. The knowledge gaps and future research perspectives in electrochemical membrane technology are also addressed. This book is an excellent resource for the understanding of fundamental theories, latest developments and future prospects in electrochemical membrane technology, which can benefit a broad audience of researchers and engineers working in water purification, membrane technology and electrochemical process.

Key Features

    • Consolidates scattered knowledge of electrochemical membrane technology into a more accessible resource
    • Provides a comprehensive review of fundamental theories, membrane materials and module design as well as the latest developments of electrochemical membrane technology
    • Provides the state-of-art review on the applications of electrochemical membrane technology
    • Includes detailed discussion on the challenges and prospects of electrochemical membrane technology in different applications


Postgraduate students and educators, professional course students, researchers, water/wastewater treatment professionals (Doctoral and postdoctoral researchers, Environmental engineers, Electrochemical engineers etc), Policy Makers, regulators, water/wastewater management practitioners

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Chapter one. Introduction to electrochemical membrane technology: current status and recent developments
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Fundamentals of electrochemical membrane technology
  • 1.3 Applications of electrochemical membrane technologies
  • 1.4 Conclusions and perspectives
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter two. Fundamentals of electrochemical membrane technology
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Electrokinetic ions/colloids
  • 2.3 Ion transmembrane mass transfer
  • 2.4 Electrical double layer on membrane surface
  • 2.5 Polarization of organic molecules
  • 2.6 Electrochemical reactions on electrode/membrane
  • 2.7 Challenges and perspectives
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter three. Electrochemical membrane materials and modules
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Materials for conductive membranes
  • 3.3 Materials for ion exchange membranes
  • 3.4 Electrochemical membrane modules
  • 3.5 Conclusions and perspectives
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter four. Electrified carbon nanotube membrane technology for water treatment
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Fabrication of electroactive membranes
  • 4.3 Reactor configuration
  • 4.4 Environmental applications of electrochemical CNT membranes
  • 4.5 Conclusions and perspectives
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter five. Electrochemical membrane technology for disinfection
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Principal mechanisms of electrochemical membrane technology for disinfection
  • 5.3 Reactor configuration of electrochemical membrane for disinfection
  • 5.4 Limitations and challenges of electrochemical membrane disinfection technology
  • 5.5 Conclusions and perspectives
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter six. Electrochemical membrane bioreactors for wastewater treatment
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Pollutant removal
  • 6.3 Membrane fouling mitigation
  • 6.4 Operating conditions, materials, and configurations
  • 6.5 Microbiological community
  • 6.6 Energy consumption
  • 6.7 Challenges and future prospects
  • 6.8 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter seven. Electrochemical membrane technology for fouling control
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Understanding membrane fouling
  • 7.3 Electrochemical membrane materials
  • 7.4 Electrochemical membrane process configurations
  • 7.5 Electrochemical reactions
  • 7.6 Electrical and electrochemical fouling control
  • 7.7 Concluding remarks and future research needs
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter eight. Electrochemical membrane technology for environmental remediation
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Electrodialytic remediation
  • 8.3 Electrocatalytic remediation
  • 8.4 Conclusions and perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter nine. Electrodialysis membrane technology for industrial wastewater treatment: recent advances
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction to electrodialysis technology
  • 9.2 Basic configuration of electrodialysis and brief historical development
  • 9.3 Development of ion exchange membranes for industrial wastewater treatment
  • 9.4 Electrodialysis for industrial wastewater treatment
  • 9.5 BMED for chemical production from industrial wastewater
  • 9.6 Electrodialysis for other special/emerging applications
  • 9.7 Conclusion and future perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter ten. Membrane-based electrochemical technologies: I. Membrane capacitive deionization and flow-electrode capacitive deionization
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Electrode materials and ion exchange membranes
  • 10.3 Membrane capacitive deionization
  • 10.4 Flow capacitive deionization
  • 10.5 Challenges and perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter eleven. Membrane-based electrochemical technologies: II. Microbial desalination cell
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Microbial desalination cell principle
  • 11.3 Microbial desalination cell configurations
  • 11.4 Optimization of microbial desalination cell devices and operational conditions
  • 11.5 Microbial desalination cell application
  • 11.6 Integrating microbial desalination cells with existing technologies
  • 11.7 Challenges and perspectives
  • 11.8 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter twelve. Membrane-based electrochemical technologies: III. Selective ion removal and recovery
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Principles of selective ion removal and recovery
  • 12.3 Architectures and fabrication of membrane modules
  • 12.4 Applications
  • 12.5 Technoeconomic analysis considerations
  • 12.6 Conclusions and perspectives
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter thirteen. Membrane-based electrochemical technologies for simultaneous water treatment and salinity-gradient energy production
  • Abstract
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Fundamentals of membrane-based electricity generation technologies
  • 13.3 Future perspectives and outlook
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 484
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: April 4, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128244708
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323859875

About the Editors

Zhiwei Wang

Zhiwei Wang is a professor in School of Environmental Science and Engineering at Tongji University, China. Professor Wang’s research interests mainly focus on water/wastewater treatment and energy/resource recovery. Currently, he is the Chair of the International Water Association (IWA) China Young Water Professionals, a member of Management Committee of IWA Specialist Group on Membrane Technology and a vice director of Young Scientists Committee of Chinese Society for Environmental Sciences. He also serves on the Editorial Boards of several journals including Environmental Research (Elsevier), Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering (Elsevier), Scientific Reports (Springer-Nature), Membranes, Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering (EI) and Environmental Engineering (Chinese Journal). He has authored/co-authored over 140 peer-reviewed papers in SCI-indexed journals with over 5000 citations @ Web of Science and over 7100 citations @ google scholar (h index=46), and listed as Most Cited Chinese Scholars in Environmental Sciences Field (Scopus-Elsevier). He was awarded Science & Technology Development Award of Ministry of Education of China (First-class) in 2017 and National Distinguished Young Scholar Funding of China in 2019.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resources Reuse, Shanghai Institute of Pollution Control and Ecological Security, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, China

Kwang-Ho Choo

Dr. Choo is a professor in the Department of Environmental Engineering and the Director of the Advanced Institute of Water Industry at Kyungpook National University, Korea. He received his Ph.D. degree from Seoul National University, Korea in 1996 and since then has been working on membrane technology for water and wastewater treatment, pursuing breakthrough innovations for novel membranes and membrane processes. His recent research interests include electrochemical membrane filtration, quorum quenching membrane bioreactors, and iron oxide coated media filtration. He is keen to find synergistic strategies for the best practices of separation, treatment, abatement, and recovery on the management of water and wastewater streams. He has been involved in academic societies, such as Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, Membrane Society of Korea, International Water Association, American Chemical Society, and World Filtration Congress as an active member. He served as the Director of the Center for Blue Gold Cluster (Water Reuse R&D Center) funded by the Korean government and currently serves as a management committee member of the IWA Specialist Groups.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Environmental Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South Korea

Chuyang Tang

Chuyang Y. Tang is a Professor of Environmental Engineering in the University of Hong Kong. After receiving his PhD degree from Stanford University in 2007, he worked at Nanyang Technological University, University of Hong Kong and University of New South Wales. His research focuses on membrane separation, water reuse and desalination, fouling mechanisms, membrane characterization, and novel membranes and processes. Professor Tang has published more than 200 journal papers, with a total citation of > 12,000 and H-index of 62 (Web of Science). He is an inventor of more than 10 patents, with several technologies being licensed. His patent on aquaporin biomimetic membranes has been commercialized by Aquaporin A/S and Aquaporin Asia. Professor Tang is a recipient of the Finland Distinguished Professor Program Fellowship, the International Desalination Association Fellowship, and the Singapore Ministry of National Development R&D Merit Award.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor,Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China

T Waite

T. David Waite is a Scientia Professor in the School of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia, and a foreign member of the US National Academy of Engineering. He served as Director of the UNSW Centre for Water and Waste Technology (now UNSW Water Research Centre) from 1993 to 2006 and was Research Director for the School from 1997 to 2006 before taking over as Head of the School of Civil and Environmental Engineering in 2007. He continued as Head of till early 2013 before taking on the role of Deputy Dean (Research) in the Faculty of Engineering. Professor Waite obtained his undergraduate degree from the University of Tasmania (1974), Master degree from Monash University (1977) and PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1984). Before joining UNSW as Head of the Department of Water Engineering in 1993, he spent eight years undertaking research at the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) and, prior to this, two years as a Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Melbourne and five years at the State Rivers and Water Supply Commission in Melbourne. His speciality areas of teaching are water chemistry and water treatment and his principle research area is that of investigation of physico-chemical processes in natural and engineered systems. Professor Waite has recently commenced as Executive Director of the UNSW Centre for Transformational Environmental Technologies (CTET) in Yixing (Jiangsu Province) and is an Associate Editor of the journal Environmental Science & Technology.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of New South Wales, Australia

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