Electric and Hybrid Vehicles: Power Sources, Models, Sustainability, Infrastructure and the Market reviews the performance, cost, safety, and sustainability of battery systems for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and electric vehicles (EVs), including nickel-metal hydride batteries and Li-ion batteries. Throughout this book, especially in the first chapters, alternative vehicles with different power trains are compared in terms of lifetime cost, fuel consumption, and environmental impact. The emissions of greenhouse gases are particularly dealt with. The improvement of the battery, or fuel cell, performance and governmental incentives will play a fundamental role in determining how far and how substantial alternative vehicles will penetrate into the market. An adequate recharging infrastructure is of paramount importance for the diffusion of vehicles powered by batteries and fuel cells, as it may contribute to overcome the so-called range anxiety."" Thus, proposed battery charging techniques are summarized and hydrogen refueling stations are described. The final chapter reviews the state of the art of the current models of hybrid and electric vehicles along with the powertrain solutions adopted by the major automakers.

Key Features

  • Contributions from the worlds leading industry and research experts
  • Executive summaries of specific case studies
  • Information on basic research and application approaches


An invaluable resource for electrochemical engineers and battery and fuel cell experts working in research institutions, universities and industries worldwide. Likely to be of secondary interest to scientists and engineers working in stand-alone (stationary) energy storage, communications, medical and defense applications; transportation and environmental economists; governmental policymakers; and managers at automobile manufacturers.

Table of Contents

Contributors Preface 1. Economic and Environmental Comparison of Conventional and Alternative Vehicle Options     1. Introduction     2. Analysis     3. Results and discussion     4. Conclusions     Acknowledgement     Nomenclature     References 2. Lifetime Cost of Battery, Fuel-Cell, and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles     1. Introduction     2. Lifetime cost of battery-electric vehicles     3. Lifetime cost of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles     4. Lifetime cost of fuel-cell electric vehicles     5. Discussion     Acknowledgments     References 3. Relative Fuel Economy Potential of Intelligent, Hybrid and Intelligent–Hybrid Passenger Vehicles     1. Introduction     2. Vehicle models for simulation studies     3. Velocity scheduling using traffic preview     4. Hybrid vehicles with telematics     5. Optimal management of hybrid vehicles with telematics     6. Conclusions and future opportunities     Acknowledgements     Nomenclature     References 4. Cost-Effective Vehicle and Fuel Technology Choices in a Carbon-Constrained World: Insights from Global Energy Systems Modeling     1. Introduction     2. Method     3. Results     4. Discussion and conclusions     Acknowledgments     References 5. Expected Greenhouse Gas Emission Reductions by Battery, Fuel Cell, and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles     1. Introduction     2. Background and previous research     3. Formation of GHG emissions from EV fuel cycles     4. Estimates of GHG emissions from EV fuel cycles     5. Magnitude of possible GHG reductions—scaling up the EV industry     6. Key uncertainties and areas for further research     7. Conclusions     Acknowledgments     References     Appendix 6. Analysis of Design Tradeoffs for Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles     1. Introduction     2. Methods for studying PHEV design     3. PHEV subsystem description and tradeoff analysis     4. Case studies     5. Concluding remarks     References 7. Evaluation of Energy Co


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