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The Effects of Punishment on Human Behavior is a collection of essays that discusses the procedural and ethical issues of the use of electric shock as a treatment for severe behavior problems. The book presents the different types of extraneous aversives and undesirable side effects of punishment. It demonstrates the effectiveness of punishment procedures.
The text describes the various aspects of punishment, as applied to human beings. It discusses the ethical and legal issues that challenge the use of punishment. Another topic of interest is the salient characteristics and influences affecting the success of overcorrection. The section that follows describes the types of punishment. The text also provides a conceptual and methodological analysis of a technique called “timeout.”
The book will provide valuable insights for psychologists, teachers, students, and researchers in the field of behavioral science.
2 Punishment: From the Animal Laboratory to the Applied Setting
Definitions of Punishment
Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Punishment
Types of Punishment
Punishment-Pros and Cons
3 Are Social Reprimands Effective?
Normative Data on the Use of Punishment
Can Reprimands Be Effective?
Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Reprimands
Reprimands Compared with Other Procedures
4 Punishment via Response Cost
Applications Using Token Reinforcers or Money
Noneconomic Response Cost
Potential and Actual Pitfalls
Advantages and Limitations
5 A Review of Timeout: A Conceptual and Methodological Analysis
Types of TO
Origins of TO
TO versus Other Procedures
Absolute Effectiveness and Applicability of TO
Comparisons with Other Techniques
Parameters Influencing the Effectiveness of TO
Duration of Effect
Generality of Effect
Legal and Ethical Considerations
6 0vercorrection: A Review and Analysis
Characteristics of Overcorrection
Verbal Instructions and Graduated Guidance
Specific Types of Overcorrection Consequences
Side Effects of Overcorrection
Comparison with Other Techniques
Advantages and Disadvantages of Overcorrection
Misconceptions about Positive Practice Procedures
Procedures Mislabeled as Overcorrection
Conclusions and Recommendations
7 Contingent Electric Shock as a Treatment for Severe Behavior Problems
Procedural and Ethical Issues
Effects of Shock Treatment
Side Effects of Shock Treatment
8 Extraneous Aversives
Removal or Distortion of Visual Stimuli
Novel Aversive Physical Sensations
9 Side Effects of Punishment
Categorizing the Effects of Punishment
Undesirable Side Effects
Desirable Side Effects
Directions for Future Research
10 The Administrative Issues: An Ethical and Legal Perspective
The Ethical Considerations
The Legal Rationale
Due Process Consideration
- No. of pages:
- © Academic Press 1983
- 28th December 1982
- Academic Press
- eBook ISBN:
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