Effects of Punishment on Human Behavior - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780120687404, 9781483288086

Effects of Punishment on Human Behavior

1st Edition

Editors: Saul Axelrod
eBook ISBN: 9781483288086
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th December 1982
Page Count: 356
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Description

The Effects of Punishment on Human Behavior is a collection of essays that discusses the procedural and ethical issues of the use of electric shock as a treatment for severe behavior problems. The book presents the different types of extraneous aversives and undesirable side effects of punishment. It demonstrates the effectiveness of punishment procedures.

The text describes the various aspects of punishment, as applied to human beings. It discusses the ethical and legal issues that challenge the use of punishment. Another topic of interest is the salient characteristics and influences affecting the success of overcorrection. The section that follows describes the types of punishment. The text also provides a conceptual and methodological analysis of a technique called “timeout.”

The book will provide valuable insights for psychologists, teachers, students, and researchers in the field of behavioral science.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

1 Introduction

2 Punishment: From the Animal Laboratory to the Applied Setting

Definitions of Punishment

Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Punishment

Types of Punishment

Punishment-Pros and Cons

Future Directions

References

3 Are Social Reprimands Effective?

Definition

Normative Data on the Use of Punishment

Can Reprimands Be Effective?

Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Reprimands

Reprimands Compared with Other Procedures

Future Directions

References

4 Punishment via Response Cost

Laboratory Analyses

Applications Using Token Reinforcers or Money

Noneconomic Response Cost

Potential and Actual Pitfalls

Advantages and Limitations

Summary

References

5 A Review of Timeout: A Conceptual and Methodological Analysis

Types of TO

Origins of TO

TO versus Other Procedures

Conceptual System

Absolute Effectiveness and Applicability of TO

Comparisons with Other Techniques

Parameters Influencing the Effectiveness of TO

Side Effects

Duration of Effect

Generality of Effect

Legal and Ethical Considerations

Summary

References

6 0vercorrection: A Review and Analysis

Background

Overcorrection Rationale

Characteristics of Overcorrection

Verbal Instructions and Graduated Guidance

Specific Types of Overcorrection Consequences

Behaviors Treated

Side Effects of Overcorrection

Comparison with Other Techniques

Advantages and Disadvantages of Overcorrection

Misconceptions about Positive Practice Procedures

Procedures Mislabeled as Overcorrection

Conceptual Issues

Conclusions and Recommendations

References

7 Contingent Electric Shock as a Treatment for Severe Behavior Problems

Procedural and Ethical Issues

Effects of Shock Treatment

Side Effects of Shock Treatment

Generalization

Maintenance

Concluding Comment

References

8 Extraneous Aversives

Aversive Sounds

Aversive Smells

Aversive Tastes

Removal or Distortion of Visual Stimuli

Novel Aversive Physical Sensations

Summary

References

9 Side Effects of Punishment

Categorizing the Effects of Punishment

Undesirable Side Effects

Desirable Side Effects

Directions for Future Research

References

10 The Administrative Issues: An Ethical and Legal Perspective

The Ethical Considerations

The Legal Rationale

Due Process Consideration

Conclusion

References

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
356
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1983
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483288086

About the Editor

Saul Axelrod