Effects of Punishment on Human Behavior

Effects of Punishment on Human Behavior

1st Edition - December 28, 1982

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  • Editor: Saul Axelrod
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483288086

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The Effects of Punishment on Human Behavior is a collection of essays that discusses the procedural and ethical issues of the use of electric shock as a treatment for severe behavior problems. The book presents the different types of extraneous aversives and undesirable side effects of punishment. It demonstrates the effectiveness of punishment procedures. The text describes the various aspects of punishment, as applied to human beings. It discusses the ethical and legal issues that challenge the use of punishment. Another topic of interest is the salient characteristics and influences affecting the success of overcorrection. The section that follows describes the types of punishment. The text also provides a conceptual and methodological analysis of a technique called “timeout.” The book will provide valuable insights for psychologists, teachers, students, and researchers in the field of behavioral science.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors


    1 Introduction

    2 Punishment: From the Animal Laboratory to the Applied Setting

    Definitions of Punishment

    Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Punishment

    Types of Punishment

    Punishment-Pros and Cons

    Future Directions


    3 Are Social Reprimands Effective?


    Normative Data on the Use of Punishment

    Can Reprimands Be Effective?

    Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Reprimands

    Reprimands Compared with Other Procedures

    Future Directions


    4 Punishment via Response Cost

    Laboratory Analyses

    Applications Using Token Reinforcers or Money

    Noneconomic Response Cost

    Potential and Actual Pitfalls

    Advantages and Limitations



    5 A Review of Timeout: A Conceptual and Methodological Analysis

    Types of TO

    Origins of TO

    TO versus Other Procedures

    Conceptual System

    Absolute Effectiveness and Applicability of TO

    Comparisons with Other Techniques

    Parameters Influencing the Effectiveness of TO

    Side Effects

    Duration of Effect

    Generality of Effect

    Legal and Ethical Considerations



    6 0vercorrection: A Review and Analysis


    Overcorrection Rationale

    Characteristics of Overcorrection

    Verbal Instructions and Graduated Guidance

    Specific Types of Overcorrection Consequences

    Behaviors Treated

    Side Effects of Overcorrection

    Comparison with Other Techniques

    Advantages and Disadvantages of Overcorrection

    Misconceptions about Positive Practice Procedures

    Procedures Mislabeled as Overcorrection

    Conceptual Issues

    Conclusions and Recommendations


    7 Contingent Electric Shock as a Treatment for Severe Behavior Problems

    Procedural and Ethical Issues

    Effects of Shock Treatment

    Side Effects of Shock Treatment



    Concluding Comment


    8 Extraneous Aversives

    Aversive Sounds

    Aversive Smells

    Aversive Tastes

    Removal or Distortion of Visual Stimuli

    Novel Aversive Physical Sensations



    9 Side Effects of Punishment

    Categorizing the Effects of Punishment

    Undesirable Side Effects

    Desirable Side Effects

    Directions for Future Research


    10 The Administrative Issues: An Ethical and Legal Perspective

    The Ethical Considerations

    The Legal Rationale

    Due Process Consideration



    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 356
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1983
  • Published: December 28, 1982
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483288086

About the Editor

Saul Axelrod

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