Effective Physical Security

4th Edition

Authors: Lawrence Fennelly
Paperback ISBN: 9780124158924
eBook ISBN: 9780124159815
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 18th October 2012
Page Count: 384
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Effective Physical Security, Fourth Edition is a best-practices compendium that details the essential elements to physical security protection. The book contains completely updated sections that have been carefully selected from the authors’ work that set the standard: Handbook of Loss Prevention and Crime Prevention, Fifth Edition.

Designed for easy reference, Effective Physical Security contains important coverage of environmental design, security surveys, locks, lighting, and CCTV as well as new chapters covering the latest in the ISO standards for Risk Assessment and Risk Management, physical security planning, network systems infrastructure, and environmental design. This new edition continues to serve as a valuable reference for experienced security practitioners as well as students in undergraduate and graduate security programs.

Key Features

  • Required reading for the ASIS Physical Security Professional Certification (PSP) and recommended reading for the CPP certification
  • Provides detailed coverage of Physical Security in an easily accessible reference format with content divided into three major parts: Design, Equipment, and Operations
  • Each chapter is written by a recognized expert security specialist


Physical security practitioners, military personnel, those studying for the PSP exam (ASIS International), undergraduate students

Table of Contents




Chapter 1. Influence of Physical Design


Defensible Space

Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design



Chapter 2. Introduction to Vulnerability Assessment

Risk Management and Vulnerability Assessment

Risk Assessment and the Vulnerability Assessment Process

Statistics and Quantitative Analysis

Vulnerability Assessment Process Overview

Reporting and using the Vulnerability Assessment

Systems Engineering and Vulnerability Assessment



Chapter 3. Security Surveys and the Audit

The Best Time to Conduct the Survey

Why Conduct a Security Review

Classification of Survey Recommendations

Developing Security Points

Nine Points of Security Concern

Personality of the Complex

Positive and Negative Aspects of Making Recommendations

Crime Analysis

Key Control

Digital Closed-Circuit Television

Intrusion Alarms

Lighting and Security

Other Security Aspects

Security Survey Follow-Up

Residential Security

Home Security Checklist

Top Ten Security Threats

The Audit


Chapter 4. Approaches to Physical Security

Levels of Physical Security

The Value of Planning

Physical Barriers

The Security Plan



Chapter 5. Protective Barriers


Perimeter Entrances

Barrier Planning

Fence Standards

Types of Security Fences



Chapter 6. Physical Barriers





Walls and Moats


Chapter 7. Use of Locks in Physical Crime Prevention

Lock Terminology and Components</p


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About the Author

Lawrence Fennelly

Lawrence J. Fennelly is an internationally recognized authority on crime prevention, security planning and analysis, and on the study of how environmental factors (CPTED), physical hardware, alarms, lighting, site design, management practices, litigation consultants, security policies and procedures, and guard management contribute to criminal victimization. Mr. Fennelly was previously employed with Apollo Security, Computershare, Inc., as well as a sergeant at Harvard College, employed by the Harvard University Police Department in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He was trained as a crime prevention specialist and served in this capacity for over 21 years at Harvard. He was also the department’s training officer and assistant court officer. As part of his role as an officer at Harvard, Larry also was a deputy sheriff in both Suffolk and Middlesex counties (Massachusetts). Mr. Fennelly is a frequent speaker and lecturer on CPTED, physical security, school crime, and other issues. He serves as an expert witness who works closely with attorneys in defense as well as plaintiff cases, assisting in case preparation, offering knowledgeable questions to ask the opposing side, etc. He has also done a considerable amount of consultant work throughout the United States. His experience ranges from identifying vulnerabilities to conducting security and lighting surveys, working with architects to design and implement security, and developing long range guard training programs and risk assessments of various facilities. He is also a prolific author. His titles include such well-known security books as "Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design," "Effective Physical Security," and "Handbook of Loss Prevention and Crime Prevention."

Affiliations and Expertise

Expert witness and consultant in security, Litigation Consultants Inc.


"State-of-the-art subjects include video technology, biometrics, information technology systems infrastructure, and fiber optics…This book is recommended for the general reader of security literature and those with physical or general security responsibilities. It would be beneficial as a text for training and college-level courses in physical security."--ASIS Dynamics, March/April 2014