Ecophysiology of Tropical Crops

Ecophysiology of Tropical Crops

1st Edition - January 1, 1977

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  • Editors: Paulo de T. Alvim, T. T. Kozlowski
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483215983

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Ecophysiology of Tropical Crops covers the knowledge and opinion on ecophysiology of the major tropical crop plants. The book discusses the fundamental ideas about the numerical description of plant development and considers effects of climatic factors (e.g., temperature, light, and water) on physiological processes in plants. The text also presents an overview of the physical and chemical characteristics of tropical soils. The ecophysiology of the major crop plants, particularly those suitable for the wet tropics, including rice, sugarcane, pineapple, grasslands, root crops, sweet potato, coffee, cacao, rubber, banana, tea, oil palm, coconut palm, citrus, cashew, and mango, is also considered. Plant ecologists, plant physiologists, biochemists, horticulturists, agronomists, meteorologists, soil scientists, food technologists, plant breeders, and people interested in the production of tropical crops will find the book invaluable.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    Chapter 1 Climate

    I. Introduction

    II. Specification of Development

    III. Temperature

    IV. Light

    V. Water

    VI. Conclusions


    Chapter 2 Soils

    I. Introduction

    II. Red and Yellow Soils of the Humid Tropics

    III. Physical Characteristics

    IV. Chemical Characteristics

    V. Nutrient Relations

    VI. Organic Matter


    Chapter 3 Rice

    I. Introduction

    II. Adaptation to Environment

    III. Climatic Factors Affecting Growth and Yield

    IV. Annual Productivity in Temperature Regions and Tropics

    V. Growth Pattern and Growth Duration

    VI. Engineering for Higher Yields


    Chapter 4 Sugarcane

    I. Introduction

    II. Environmental Effects on Growth

    III. Germination

    IV. Tillering

    V. Ripening


    Chapter 5 Pineapple

    I. The Plant Environment

    II. Anatomy-Morphology

    III. Carbon Assimilation

    IV. Water Relations

    V. Crop Ecological Aspects

    VI. Physiology of Flowering

    VII. Effects of Environment on Growth Cycle, Fruit Yield, and Fruit Quality

    VIII. Pests and Diseases


    Chapter 6 Grasslands

    I. Introduction

    II. Flora of Natural Grasslands

    III. The Tropical Environment and Grasslands

    IV. The Soil Environment

    V. Fire as an Environmental Factor

    VI. Conclusions


    Chapter 7 Root Crops

    I. Introduction

    II. Comparative Macroecophysiology

    III. Comparative Microecophysiology

    IV. Species-Dependent Ecophysiology


    Chapter 8 Sweet Potato

    I. Introduction

    II. Effect of Environment on Dry Matter Production

    III. Source-Sink Relations

    IV. Photosynthetic Efficiency

    V. Drought Tolerance

    VI. Genotype X Environment Interaction


    Chapter 9 Coffee

    I. Introduction

    II. Climatic Factors Affecting Distribution of Coffee

    III. Photosynthesis and Productivity

    IV. Vegetative Growth

    V. Reproductive Growth

    VI. Conclusions


    Chapter 10 Cacao

    I. Introduction

    II. Origin and Distribution

    III. Climate

    IV. Sous

    V. Physiological Determinants of Yield

    VI. Environmental Effects on Growth and Flowering


    Chapter 11 Rubber

    I. Introduction

    II. Soil Conditions and Root Growth

    III. Climatic Conditions

    IV. Shoot Growth

    V. Flowering

    VI. Latex Flow

    VII. Yield


    Chapter 12 Tea

    I. Introduction

    II. Botany

    III. Plant Water Status

    IV. Stomatal Movements

    V. Photosynthesis

    VI. Shoot Growth

    VII. Flavor

    VIII. Yield of Plucked Shoots

    IX. Conclusions


    Chapter 13 Oil Palm

    I. Introduction

    II. Geography

    III. Weather and Climate

    IV. Sous

    V. Biotic Factors

    VI. Summary


    Chapter 14 Coconut Palm

    I. Introduction

    II. Climatic Requirements

    III. Soils

    IV. Growth Physiology

    V. Mineral Nutrition

    VI. Ecophysiological Diseases


    Chapter IS Citrus

    I. Introduction

    II. Origin and Natural Habitat

    III. Climate

    IV. Tree Growth and Reproduction

    V. Growth and Fruiting in Relation to Climate

    VI. Soil

    VII. Mineral Nutrition

    VIII. Irrigation

    IX. Varieties

    X. Research


    Chapter 16 Banana

    I. Introduction

    II. World Production and Trade

    III. Botanical Classification

    IV. Geographical Distribution

    V. Environmental Requirements

    VI. Pests and Diseases

    VII. Management Practices


    Chapter 17 Cashew

    I. Introduction

    II. Botanical Features

    III. Growth in Relation to Ecological Factors

    IV. Reproductive Growth

    V. Crop Improvement


    Chapter 18 Mango

    I. Introduction

    II. Growth Characteristics

    III. Effect of Environment on Growth and Yield

    IV. Hormonal Control of Growth



Product details

  • No. of pages: 516
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1977
  • Published: January 1, 1977
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483215983

About the Editors

Paulo de T. Alvim

T. T. Kozlowski

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