Dust Explosion Dynamics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128037713, 9780128038291

Dust Explosion Dynamics

1st Edition

Authors: Russell Ogle
eBook ISBN: 9780128038291
Paperback ISBN: 9780128037713
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 23rd September 2016
Page Count: 686
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Description

Dust Explosion Dynamics focuses on the combustion science that governs the behavior of the three primary hazards of combustible dust: dust explosions, flash fires, and smoldering. It explores the use of fundamental principles to evaluate the magnitude of combustible dust hazards in a variety of settings. Models are developed to describe dust combustion phenomena using the principles of thermodynamics, transport phenomena, and chemical kinetics. Simple, tractable models are described first and compared with experimental data, followed by more sophisticated models to help with future challenges.

Dr. Ogle introduces the reader to just enough combustion science so that they may read, interpret, and use the scientific literature published on combustible dusts. This introductory text is intended to be a practical guide to the application of combustible dust models, suitable for both students and experienced engineers. It will help you to describe the dynamics of explosions and fires involving dust and evaluate their consequences which in turn will help you prevent damage to property, injury and loss of life from combustible dust accidents.

Key Features

  • Demonstrates how the fundamental principles of combustion science can be applied to understand the ignition, propagation, and extinction of dust explosions
  • Explores fundamental concepts through model-building and comparisons with empirical data
  • Provides detailed examples to give a thorough insight into the hazards of combustible dust as well as an introduction to relevant scientific literature

Readership

Process engineers, plant managers, safety and health professionals, chemical engineers, process safety professionals, graduate chemical engineering students, mechanical engineers

Table of Contents

  • Dedication
  • List of Figures
  • List of Tables
  • Nomenclature
    • Roman Letters
    • Greek Symbols
    • Superscripts
    • Subscripts
    • Special Symbols
  • Preface
    • Liability Disclaimer
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1. Introduction to combustible dust hazards
    • Abstract
    • 1.1 Historical Perspective on Combustible Dust Hazards Research
    • 1.2 An Introduction to Combustion Phenomena
    • 1.3 Seven Key Differences Between Combustible Dusts and Flammable Gases
    • 1.4 Combustible Dust Hazard Parameters
    • 1.5 Combustible Dust Testing
    • 1.6 Combustible Dust Hazard Scenarios
    • 1.7 Prevention and Control of Dust Fires and Explosions
    • 1.8 Challenges in Modeling Dust Fires and Explosions
    • 1.9 Overview of This Book
    • References
  • Chapter 2. The key physical properties of combustible dust
    • Abstract
    • 2.1 Particle Size, Shape, and Surface Area Measurement
    • 2.2 Particle Size Statistics
    • 2.3 Physical Properties of Single Particles
    • 2.4 Physical Properties of Particulate Materials in Bulk
    • 2.5 Sampling of Particulate Materials
    • 2.6 The Significance of Particle Size on Combustible Dust Hazards
    • 2.7 Summary
    • References
  • Chapter 3. Thermodynamics of dust combustion
    • Abstract
    • 3.1 Chemical Mixture Relations
    • 3.2 Mass and Energy Balances
    • 3.3 Stoichiometry of Combustion
    • 3.4 Thermochemistry of Combustion
    • 3.5 Flames and Constant Pressure Combustion
    • 3.6 Explosions and Constant Volume Combustion
    • 3.7 Relation Between Burn Fraction and Fractional Pressure Rise
    • 3.8 When is a Deflagration a Flash Fire?
    • 3.9 Thermodynamic Model for Secondary Dust Explosion Pressures
    • 3.10 Summary
    • References
  • Chapter 4. Transport phenomena for dust combustion
    • Abstract
    • 4.1 Equations of Change for Laminar Reacting Flows
    • 4.2 Chapman–Jouguet Analysis of Combustion Waves
    • 4.3 Premixed Flame Analysis of Gaseous Fuels
    • 4.4 Diffusion Flame Analysis for a Liquid Droplet
    • 4.5 Transport Phenomena in Porous Media
    • 4.6 Dispersed Multiphase Flow
    • 4.7 Thermal Radiation
    • 4.8 Turbulence
    • 4.9 Summary
    • References
  • Chapter 5. Smoldering phenomena
    • Abstract
    • 5.1 Physical Description of Smoldering
    • 5.2 Ignition by Self-Heating and Thermal Runaway
    • 5.3 Theories of Smolder Wave Propagation
    • 5.4 Confined Smoldering
    • 5.5 Transition from Smoldering to a Flaming Fire or an Explosion
    • 5.6 Controlling Smoldering Hazards
    • 5.7 Summary
    • References
  • Chapter 6. Dust particle combustion models
    • Abstract
    • 6.1 Single Particle Combustion Phenomena
    • 6.2 Noncatalytic Gas–Solid Reaction Models
    • 6.3 Single Particle Combustion Models for Organic Solids
    • 6.4 Single Particle Combustion Models for Metallic Solids
    • 6.5 The Relevance of Single Particle Combustion to Combustible Dust Hazards
    • 6.6 Summary
    • References
  • Chapter 7. Unconfined dust flame propagation
    • Abstract
    • 7.1 The One-Dimensional Laminar Dust Flame
    • 7.2 Scaling Analysis for Heterogeneous Flame Propagation
    • 7.3 Thermal Theories of Laminar Dust Flame Propagation
    • 7.4 Ballal’s Theory of Dust Flame Propagation
    • 7.5 Models Based on Activation Energy Asymptotics
    • 7.6 Ignition and Quenching of Dust Flames
    • 7.7 Survey of Heterogeneous Flame Propagation Behavior
    • 7.8 Combustible Dust Flash Fires
    • 7.9 Controlling Flash Fire Hazards
    • 7.10 Summary
    • References
  • Chapter 8. Confined unsteady dust flame propagation
    • Abstract
    • 8.1 Flame Propagation in Closed Vessels
    • 8.2 The Flamm–Mache Temperature Gradient
    • 8.3 The Fractional Pressure Rise Relation
    • 8.4 Time Scale Analysis for Confined Unsteady Dust Flame Propagation
    • 8.5 Integral Models
    • 8.6 Dust Explosion Testing: Calibration, Igniter Strength, and Turbulence
    • 8.7 Survey of Confined Dust Deflagration Behavior
    • 8.8 Explosion Concentration Limits
    • 8.9 Controlling Dust Explosion Hazards
    • 8.10 Summary
    • References
  • Chapter 9. Dust flame acceleration effects
    • Abstract
    • 9.1 Dust Flame Acceleration and Shock Waves
    • 9.2 Dust Cloud Suspension and Secondary Dust Explosions
    • 9.3 Confined Dust Flame Acceleration
    • 9.4 Pressure Piling
    • 9.5 Preventing or Controlling Secondary Dust Explosions
    • 9.6 Summary
    • References
  • Chapter 10. Comprehensive dust explosion modeling
    • Abstract
    • 10.1 CFD for Combustible Dust Problems
    • 10.2 CFD Studies of Unconfined Dust Flame Propagation
    • 10.3 CFD Studies of Confined Dust Deflagrations
    • 10.4 CFD Studies of Dust Flame Acceleration
    • 10.5 CFD Studies for Accident Investigation and Safety Analysis
    • 10.6 Summary
    • References
  • Appendix 1. Conversion Factors and Physical Constants
  • Appendix 2. Table of Atomic Numbers and Masses
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
686
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 2017
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9780128038291
Paperback ISBN:
9780128037713

About the Author

Russell Ogle

Dr. Russell Ogle applies his expertise as a chemical engineer to the scientific investigation and prevention of accidents, with particular emphasis on fires, explosions, and chemical releases. He specializes in the investigation of complex industrial accidents, catastrophic fires and explosions, incendiary fires (arson), and combustible dust hazards. Dr. Ogle has investigated hundreds of fires and explosions in industrial, commercial, and residential settings. Drawing from his diverse accident investigation experience, he has provided process safety consulting services to the chemical, petroleum, natural gas, pharmaceutical, agricultural, and food processing industries. He is experienced in combustible dust hazard analysis, process hazard analysis, safety risk assessment, and decision analysis.

Dr. Ogle was awarded one of the first doctorates in the United States based on dust explosion testing using the 20-liter sphere, and he was one of the first investigators to analyze dust explosion data using chemical kinetics and computational fluid dynamics. He has a Bachelor of Science in Chemical Engineering from Purdue University (1980) and a Doctor of Philosophy in Chemical Engineering from the University of Iowa (1986). He has 30 years of industrial experience working in fire, explosion, and chemical safety and is a licensed professional engineer (PE) in several states, a certified safety professional (CSP), and a certified fire and explosion investigator (CFEI).

Affiliations and Expertise

Principal Engineer, Exponent, Inc.