Civil engineering failures currently amount to 5 to 10 % of the total investment in new buildings and structures. These failures not only represent important cost considerations, they also have an environmental burden associated with them. Structures often deteriorate because not enough attention is given during the design stage and most standards for structural design do not cover design for service life. Designing for durability is often left to the structural designer or architect who may not have the necessary skills, and the result is all too often failure, incurring high maintenance and repair costs. Knowledge of the long-term behaviour of materials, building components and structures is the basis for avoiding these failures.
Durability of engineering structures uses on the design of buildings for service life, effective maintenance and repair techniques in order to reduce the likelihood of failure. It describes the in situ performance of all the major man-made materials used in civil engineering construction - metals (steel and aluminium), concrete and wood. In addition some relatively new high-performance materials are discussed - high-performance concrete, high-performance steel and fibre-reinforced polymers (FRP). Deterioration mechanisms and the measures to counteract these, as well as subsequent maintenance and repair techniques are also considered and the latest standards on durability and repair are explained.
Strategies for durability, maintenance and repair, including life cycle costing and environmental life cycle assessment methods are discussed. Finally practical case studies show how repairs can be made and the best ways of ensuring long term durability. This book is aimed at students in civil engineering, engineers, architects, contractors, plant managers, maintenance managers and inspection engineers.
- Explains the reasons why structures often deteriorate before they should because of poor design
- Shows how to design structures effectively for service life
- Considers durability characteristics of standard and high performance construction materials
Students in civil engineering; Engineers; Architects; Contractors; Plant managers and maintenance managers; Inspection engineers
Metals: Corrosion mechanisms; Corrosion types; Corrosion of some metals in practice; Protection of metals. Concrete: Chemical degradation mechanisms; Frost-thaw and de-icing salt damage; Reinforcement corrosion; Principles of protection and repair of concrete structures; Repair mortars; Crack repair methods; Protective surface treatments; Cathodic protection systems; Practical cases of repair. Wood: Deterioration; Protection; Hazard and durability classes; Maintenance and restoration; Repair. New high-performance materials: High-performance concrete; High-performance steel; Fibre-reinforced polymers. Strategies for durability design, maintenance and repair: Definitions; Listing of deterioration mechanisms and effects; Approaches to design for service life; Probabilistic appoach to service life design; Redundancy and over-design; Maintenance strategies; Life cycle costing; Environmental life cycle assessment. Case studies: Specification; Case study 1: Steel and concrete bridges in a warm environment; Repair of reinforced concrete floors; Wooden piles. Design for durability; Life-cycle costing; Maintenance management; Repair strategy.
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- © Woodhead Publishing 2003
- 31st August 2003
- Woodhead Publishing
- eBook ISBN:
- Hardcover ISBN:
This book is most welcome. It gives perspective. The key feature is that it is written from the viewpoint of a practical design and assessment., Concrete magazine
…represents a blueprint by which increased knowledge of durability can be given focus within a future design framework., Concrete magazine