Dry Biological Systems

Dry Biological Systems

1st Edition - January 1, 1978

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  • Editor: John Crowe
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323153829

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Description

Dry Biological Systems contains the proceedings of the 1977 American Institute of Biological Sciences symposium held in East Lansing, Michigan. Divided into seven parts encompassing 17 chapters, the book focuses on the adaptive strategy phenomenon of organisms under dry state or absence of water. The book answers several fundamental questions on dry biological systems, such as how an organism achieve a state that destroys most living systems; what adaptations permit the survival of dehydration; and what activities occur in the dry organisms. After briefly discussing the nature of intracellular water in normal cells, the book examines the ultrastructure of dry organisms, including their metabolic activities during drying, in the dry state, and during rehydration. Parts IV to VI discuss the causes of cell viability loss while in dry, as well as their ecology and enzyme reaction at reduced water activity. Several presentations are made in which freezing and dehydration as stress vectors are compared. Covered papers in the book illustrate the belief that freezing and rehydration can be considered to be the same phenomenon, particularly with respect to the state of intracellular water.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    I Water in Hydrated Cells

    Overview of Our Understanding of Intracellular Water in Hydrated Cells

    II Structure of Dry Cells and Organisms

    Ultrastructural and Freeze Fracture Studies on Anhydrobiotic Nematodes

    Desiccation-Induced Ultrastructural Changes in Drought-Sensitive and Drought-Tolerant Plants

    Ultrastructure of Dried Spores

    Ultrastructure of Microsporidian Spores and Changes in Spore Membrane Structure Under Different Experimental Conditions

    III Hydration-Dependent Metabolic Transitions

    Hydration-Dependent Metabolic Transitions and the State of Cellular Water in Artemia

    Metabolic Transitions in a Nematode during Induction of and Recovery from Anhydrobiosis

    Application of a Volatile Radioactive Tracer to Detect Metabolic Activities in Dry Wild Oat Seeds

    Metabolism of a Drought-Tolerant and a Drought-Sensitive Moss: Respiration, ATP Synthesis and Carbohydrate Status

    Membranes in Dry and Imbibing Seeds

    Development of Respiratory Metabolism in Seeds during Hydration

    IV Causes of Death in Dry Organisms

    Role of SH and SS Groups in Damage to Biological Systems at Low Water Activities

    Effects of Oxygen on Dried Organisms

    Dehydration and Freezing as Stress Vectors

    V Enzyme Reaction at Reduced Water Activity

    Enzyme Kinetics at Low Temperature and Reduced Water Activity

    Influence of Water Activity on Enzymic Activity in Biological Systems

    VI Ecology of Dry Biological Systems

    Ecology of Anhydrobiotic Soil Nematodes


Product details

  • No. of pages: 368
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1978
  • Published: January 1, 1978
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323153829

About the Editor

John Crowe

John Crowe retired in 2020 after working as a biomedical engineer in academia for 40 years. During this time, he worked on the development of numerous medical devices with a couple leading to the formation of spin out companies. He previously co-authored the Introduction to Digital Electronics (1998).

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