Distributed Renewable Energies for Off-Grid Communities

1st Edition

Strategies and Technologies toward Achieving Sustainability in Energy Generation and Supply


  • Preben Maegaard
  • Nasir El Bassam
  • Marcia Schlichting
  • Description

    Energy is directly related to the most critical economic and social issues which affect sustainable development such as mobility, food production, environmental quality, regional and global security issues. Two-thirds of the new demand will come from developing nations, with China accounting for 30%. Without adequate attention to the critical importance of energy to all these aspects, the global, social, economic and environmental goals of sustainability cannot be achieved. Indeed the magnitude of change needed is immense, fundamental and directly related to the energy produced and consumed nationally and internationally. Today, it is estimated that more than two billion people worldwide lack access to modern energy resources. Distributed Renewable Energies for Off-Grid Communities provides various options and case studies related to the potential of renewable energies along with their environmental, economic and social dimensions.

    Key Features

    • Case studies provide you with solutions to for future decentralized energy supply
    • Expanded coverage over previous work in the field to include coverage of rural and urban communities
    • Provides new solutions for future decentralized energy supply


    Energy Engineering Professionals

    Table of Contents


    List of Figures

    List of Tables

    Chapter One. Scope of the Book

    1.1 Distributed Energy Generation

    1.2 Distributed Energy Supply

    1.3 Community Power

    1.4 Off-Grid Systems


    Chapter Two. Restructuring Future Energy Generation and Supply

    2.1 Basic Challenges

    2.2 Current Energy Supplies

    2.3 Peak Oil

    2.4 Availability of Alternative Resources


    Chapter Three. Road Map of Distributed Renewable Energy Communities

    3.1 Energy and Sustainable Development

    3.2 Community Involvement

    3.3 Facing the Challenges

    3.4 The Concept of FAO, UN Integrated Energy Communities (IEC)

    3.5 Global Approach

    3.6 Basic and Extended Needs

    3.7 Typical Electricity Demands

    3.8 Single and Multiple-Phase Island Grid

    3.9 Regional Implementation


    Further Reading

    Chapter Four. Planning of Integrated Renewable Communities

    4.1 Scenario 1

    4.2 Scenario 2

    4.3 Case Study I: Implementation of Ief Under Climatic Conditions of Central Europe

    4.4 Case study II: Arid and semi-arid regions


    Chapter Five. Determination of Community Energy and Food Requirements

    5.1 Modeling Approaches

    5.2 Data Acquisition

    5.3 Determination of Energy and Food Requirements

    5.4 Energy Potential Analysis

    5.5 Data Collection and Processing for Energy Utilization

    5.6 Wind Energy

    5.7 Biomass


    Chapter Six. Energy Basics, Resources, Global Contribution and Applications

    6.1 Basics of Energy

    6.2 Global Contribution

    6.3 Resources and Applications


    Chapter Seven. Solar Energy

    7.1 Photovoltaic

    7.2 Concentrating Solar Thermal Power (CSP)

    7.3 Solar Thermal Collectors

    7.4 Solar Cookers and S


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    © 2013
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    Electronic ISBN:

    About the authors

    Preben Maegaard

    Dr. Maegaard is Director of the Nordic Folkecenter for Renewable Energy, an institute for the development and implementation of renewable energies located in Denmark. The center has, under his leadership, provided transfer of renewable energy technology to many countries. Dr. Maegaard was appointed the first president of the World Wind Energy Institute, first president of the World Wind Energy Association, and has served as a Renewable Energy Adviser to the President of Mali. For over three decades, Dr. Maegaard has been a director, organizer, and speaker at numerous international seminars, workshops and conferences. He has authored numerous reports, books, and articles in Danish, English, German and Japanese on renewables and sustainable development.

    Nasir El Bassam

    Dr. El Bassam is Director, International Research Center for Renewable Energy in Germany in close cooperation with UN, EU and other national and international organizations. Its mission is the integration and application of renewable energy resources for electricity, water and food supply and development of renewable energy management strategies. Dr. El Bassam has won several awards for his work in this area including the World Pioneer in Renewable Energies award in 2003 from UNESCO and the Award in Science and Technology for Sustainable Rural Development of Energy and Water Supply from the Chinese Science Academy. He is currently the Editor of Springer’s Journal “Sustainability Science” and American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences (AJEAS).

    Marcia Schlichting

    Ms. Schlichting is Editor for the International Research Centre for Renewable Energy. Ms. Schlichting has an Associate Degree in Applied Science, Water, and Wastewater Technology and has conducted laboratory research in the field of filtration and purification.