Disease and Fertility

Disease and Fertility

1st Edition - September 7, 1984

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  • Author: Joseph A. Jr. McFalls
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144483

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Description

Disease and Fertility covers the diseases that can cause population subfecundity. This book is organized into six parts encompassing 20 chapters that provide detailed information on each of these diseases for evaluation of quantitative impact on fecundity and population fertility. After briefly presenting an overview of the demography of subfecundity, this book goes on exploring the pathophysiology and effect on fecundity of various diseases, which are classified into three groups. The first group includes the nonsexually transmitted diseases, such as tuberculosis, malaria, filariasis, schistosomiasis, African sleeping sickness, and Chaga's disease. The second group is composed of the sexually transmitted diseases, including gonorrhea, nongonococcal cervicitis and urethritis and their complications, syphilis, and genital herpes, mycoplasma, and chlamydia. The third group is composed f phenomena that can cause pelvic inflammatory disease and other adverse reproductive sequelae, such as induced abortion, childbirth, the intrauterine device, and female circumcision. The final chapter considers the problems encountered in trying to link a particular disease to the fertility of a specific population. This book is of great value to population students, workers in medical community, and professionals in disciplines that involve the study of both health and population.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Note on Terminology

    I Introduction

    1 The Demography of Subfecundity

    General Introduction

    Effect of Subfecundity on Fertility

    Subfecundity and the Timing of Fertility in Developed Societies

    Impact of Subfecundity on Birth Control and Mate Exposure

    Impact of Mate Exposure and Birth Control on Subfecundity

    Current Research Project

    2 Disease and Subfecundity: An Introduction

    Introduction

    Effect on Individual Fecundity

    Prevalence

    Importance of Disease as a Cause of Population Subfecundity

    Handling of Disease in the Population Literature

    Consequences of Deficient Research

    Objectives and Methodology

    II Nonsexually Transmitted Diseases

    3 Tuberculosis

    Introduction

    Pathophysiology

    Effect on Fecundity

    The Development of Genital Tuberculosis

    Problems in Estimating the Prevalence of Genital Tuberculosis

    Genital Tuberculosis in Selected Populations

    Effect on Other Davis-Blake Intermediate Variables

    Conclusions

    4 Malaria

    Introduction

    Species and Life Cycle

    Prevalence

    Sequelae of Infection

    Immunity

    Effects on Fecundity

    Diagnosis, Treatment, and Control

    5 Filariasis

    Introduction

    Life Cycle

    Prevalence

    Proposed Effects of Filariasis on Fecundity

    Pathophysiology

    Variables Affecting the Development of Filariasis

    Results of Studies

    Summary of the Role of Filariasis in Reproductive Impairment

    Diagnosis

    Control

    Treatment

    6 Schistosomiasis

    Introduction

    Distribution and Prevalence

    Role of the Schistosome Egg in Disease

    Variations in Host Response

    Effects on Fecundity

    Diagnosis

    Control and Treatment

    7 African Sleeping Sickness

    Introduction

    Life Cycle

    Prevalence

    Pathophysiology

    Effects on Fecundity

    Diagnosis

    Treatment

    Control

    8 Chagas' Disease

    Introduction

    Life Cycle

    Clinical Features

    Prevalence

    Modes of Transmission

    Pathophysiology

    Effects on Fecundity

    Diagnosis

    Treatment

    Control

    III Sexually Transmitted Diseases

    9 Overview

    Introduction

    Sexually Transmitted Diseases in the Developing World

    Sexually Transmitted Diseases in the Developed World

    10 Gonococcal and Nongonococcal Infections and Their Complications

    Uncomplicated Gonorrhea in the Male and Female

    Complications of Gonorrhea in the Female: Gonococcal Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

    Complications of Nongonococcal Infections in the Female: Nongonococcal Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

    The Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Problem

    Complications of Gonorrhea in the Male: Posterior Urethritis, Prostatitis, Seminal Vesiculitis, Epididymitis, and Orchitis

    Nongonococcal Urethritis and Its Complications in the Male

    11 Syphilis

    Introduction

    History

    Prevalence

    Pathophysiology

    Immunity

    Summary of Pathophysiology and Immunity

    Effects on Fecundity

    Congenital Syphilis

    Diagnosis

    Treatment

    12 Genital Herpes

    Introduction

    History

    Prevalence

    Primary Infection and Initial Infection

    Course of the Disease

    Transmission

    Effects on Fecundity

    Neonatal Infection

    Prematurity

    Cervical Carcinoma

    Summary

    Diagnosis

    Treatment

    13 Genital Mycoplasmas

    Introduction

    Mycoplasma hominis

    Ureaplasma urealyticum

    Summary

    14 Genital Chlamydia

    Introduction

    Prevalence

    Evidence for a Role in Genital Infections

    Effects on Fecundity

    Other Effects

    Summary

    Diagnosis

    Treatment

    IV Events Predisposing to Pelvic Inflammatory Disease and Other Reproductive Problems

    15 Induced Abortion

    Introduction

    History

    Prevalence

    Variables Affecting the Outcome of Induced Abortion

    Effects on Fecundity

    Frequency of Reproductive Problems Following Induced Abortion

    Diagnosis and Treatment

    Summary

    16 Childbirth

    Introduction

    Causes of Postpartum Infection

    Obstructed Labor and Postpartum Infection

    Summary

    Postpartum Infections and Population Subfecundity

    Postpartum Infections and U.S. Black Fertility: 1880-1936

    17 The Intrauterine Device and Fecundity

    Introduction

    Prevalence of Use

    Problems Associated with Use

    Mechanism of Action

    Sequelae

    Summary

    18 Female Circumcision

    Introduction

    Reasons for the Procedure

    Variations in Procedures

    Prevalence

    Effects on Fecundity

    Summary

    V Overview

    19 The Effects of Venereal Disease and Genital Tuberculosis on U.S. Black Fertility: 1880-1960

    Introduction

    Syphilis

    Gonorrhea

    Genital Tuberculosis

    Discussion

    20 Conclusions and Research Pitfalls

    The Disease-Subfecundity Relationship

    Importance of Selected Diseases in Historical, Developing, and Developed Societies

    Pitfalls in Population Subfecundity Research

    VI Appendixes

    Appendix A. Diabetes

    Appendix B. Sickle-Cell Hemoglobin

    Appendix C. Smallpox

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 616
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1984
  • Published: September 7, 1984
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144483

About the Author

Joseph A. Jr. McFalls

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