Series Editor´s Preface. Authors' Preface. Current status of ICP-MS. Introduction. Description of the technique. Advantages. Limitations. Present capabilities. Extended capabilities with mixed-gas plasmas. Acknowledgement. References. Flow injection techniques. Introduction. Principles. Limited dispersion systems (D = 1 - 3). Medium dispersion systems (D = 3-10). Large dispersion systems (D > 10). Reduced dispersion systems (D < 1). Other possibilities. Acknowledgement. References. Electrothermal vaporization sample introduction for inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Introduction. Instrumentation. Analytical domain of ETV-ICP-MS. Principle of operation of ETV-ICP-MS. Background spectral features. Mechanism of vaporization of analyte. Chemical modification, physical carriers and mass transport efficiency. Non-spectroscopic interferences. Applications. Concluding remarks. References. Laser ablation for inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Laser ablation. Different types of laser ablation-based analysis. Specific use of LA-ICP-MS. Laser principles. Laser ablation systems. Signal acquisition and data processing. Sample preparation. Calibration. Elemental fractionation. Figures of merit. Applications. Spark and arc ablation. The future. References. Direct sample insertion. Introduction. Instrumentation for DSIs. Effect of operating conditions on analyte signal behaviour. Mixed-gas DSI-ICP-AES. Chemical modification. Further extension of the analytical capability of the ICP. using DSIs. Reductions of spectroscopic interference in ICP-MS. Analytical performance characteristics. Applications. Conclusions. Acknowledgements. References. Index.