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Disaster Epidemiology: Methods and Applications applies the core methods of epidemiological research and practice to the assessment of the short- and long-term health effects of disasters. The persistent movement of people and economic development to regions vulnerable to natural disasters, as well as new vulnerabilities related to environmental, technological, and terrorism incidents, means that in spite of large global efforts to reduce the impacts and costs of disasters, average annual expenditures to fund rebuilding from catastrophic losses is rising faster than either population or the gross world product. Improving the resilience of individuals and communities to these natural and technological disasters, climate change, and other natural and manmade stressors is one of the grand challenges of the 21st century. This book provides a guide to disaster epidemiology methods, supported with applications from practice. It helps researchers, public health practitioners, and governmental policy makers to better quantify the impacts of disaster on the health of individuals and communities to enhance resilience to future disasters.
Disaster Epidemiology: Methods and Applications explains how public health surveillance, rapid assessments, and other epidemiologic studies can be conducted in the post-disaster setting to prevent injury, illness, or death; provide accurate and timely information for decisions makers; and improve prevention and mitigation strategies for future disasters. These methods can also be applied to the study of other types of public health emergencies, such as infectious outbreaks, emerging and re-emerging diseases, and refugee health. This book gives both the public health practitioner and researcher the tools they need to conduct epidemiological studies in a disaster setting and can be used as a reference or as part of a course.
- Provides a holistic perspective to epidemiology with an integration of academic and practical approaches
- Showcases the use of hands-on techniques and principles to solve real-world problems
- Includes contributions from both established and emerging scholars in the field of disaster epidemiology
Students and researchers at Schools of Public Health; local, regional, state, and federal public health practitioners (epidemiology, laboratory, public health preparedness) and those working in global health and international disaster response (e.g. agencies such as CARE, Child Health, CRDF Global)
An Introduction to Disaster Epidemiology
Josephine Malilay and Jennifer A. Horney
1. History of Disaster Epidemiology: 1960-2015
Jennifer A. Horney
2. Methods: Surveillance
Vignettes: Veterans Health Affairs, Veterans, and Disasters
Tiffany Radcliff, Aram Dobalian and Karen Chu
3. Applications: Informatics: Using Information Systems to Improve Surveillance During Disasters
Laura Edison, Karl Soetebier and Hope Dishman
4. Applications: Shelter Surveillance
Rebecca Jean Heick
Post-Disaster Carbon Monoxide Surveillance
Kanta Sircar and Dorothty Stearns
5. Applications: Mortality Surveillance
Rebecca S. Noe
6. Study Designs in Disaster Epidemiology
Latasha Allen and Jennifer A. Horney
7. Applications: CASPER
Amy Helene Schnall, Amy Wolkin and Tesfaye Mekonnen Bayleyegn
Maureen F. Orr and Mary Anne Duncan
Vignettes from Recent Responses: California Geothermal Gas Vents
Svetlana Smorodinsky, Tracy Barreau and Jason Wilken
Vignettes from Recent Responses: California Drought
Jason Wilken, Svetlana Smorodinsky and Tracy Barreau
8. Methods: Questionnaire Development and Interviewing Techniques
Amy Helene Schnall, Amy Wolkin and Nicole Nakata
Vignettes from Recent Responses: Foodborne
Marilyn Felkner, Venessa Cantu and Kevin Mcclaran
9. Applications: Social Vulnerablity to Disaster (Hampton and Hertford Counties - Isabel)
10. Applications: Responder Safety
Vignettes from Recent Responses: Pregnant Women and Ebola
Jonetta Johnson Mpofu and Michelle Dynes
11. Methods: Data Analysis
12. Applications: Bioterrorism, Biodefense, and Biotechnology
Vignettes: Natural Disasters and Climate Change
Joel Casey Dietrich
Vignettes: Impacts on People with Pre-existing Chronic Medical Conditions
13. Applications: Disaster Communication and Community Engagement
Jennifer C. Beggs
Vignette from Recent Responses: Roseburg Oregon Mass Shooting
Akiko M. Saito
14. Discussion and Conclusion - What Disaster Epidemiology Can Contribute to Resilient Communities
Jennifer A. Horney
Appendix: Resources from Disaster Libraries
Suzanne Shurtz Clark
- No. of pages:
- © Academic Press 2017
- 31st October 2017
- Academic Press
- Paperback ISBN:
- eBook ISBN:
Jennifer A. Horney, PhD, MPH is an associate professor of Epidemiology and Biostatistics at the Texas A&M University School of Public Health, a faculty fellow of the Hazard Reduction and Recovery Center at the Texas A&M College of Architecture, and the public health and environment lead of the Institute for Sustainable Communities, part of the University’s Environmental Grand Challenge. At Texas A&M, Dr. Horney’s research focuses on measuring the health impacts of disasters, as well as the linkages between disaster planning and household actions related to preparedness, response, and recovery. Dr. Horney received her PhD and MPH from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where her research focused on the role of social factors in decision making during disasters. She serves as a member of the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists’ State and Territorial Epidemiologists’ Disaster Epidemiology Community of Practice and was a member of a team of public health practitioners who responded to Hurricanes Isabel, Charley, Katrina, Wilma, and Irene, where she conducted rapid assessments of disaster impact on the public health of individuals and communities. She has also provided technical assistance to public health agencies globally around disasters, infectious disease outbreaks and pandemic influenza planning and response.
Associate Professor, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Texas A&M Health Science Center School of Public Health, College Station, TX, USA
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