Disaster Epidemiology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128093184, 9780128095072

Disaster Epidemiology

1st Edition

Methods and Applications

Editors: Jennifer Horney
eBook ISBN: 9780128095072
Paperback ISBN: 9780128093184
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 31st October 2017
Page Count: 212
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Description

Disaster Epidemiology: Methods and Applications applies the core methods of epidemiological research and practice to the assessment of the short- and long-term health effects of disasters. The persistent movement of people and economic development to regions vulnerable to natural disasters, as well as new vulnerabilities related to environmental, technological, and terrorism incidents, means that in spite of large global efforts to reduce the impacts and costs of disasters, average annual expenditures to fund rebuilding from catastrophic losses is rising faster than either population or the gross world product.  Improving the resilience of individuals and communities to these natural and technological disasters, climate change, and other natural and manmade stressors is one of the grand challenges of the 21st century. This book provides a guide to disaster epidemiology methods, supported with applications from practice. It helps researchers, public health practitioners, and governmental policy makers to better quantify the impacts of disaster on the health of individuals and communities to enhance resilience to future disasters.

Disaster Epidemiology: Methods and  Applications explains how public health surveillance, rapid assessments, and other epidemiologic studies can be conducted in the post-disaster setting to prevent injury, illness, or death; provide accurate and timely information for decisions makers; and improve prevention and mitigation strategies for future disasters. These methods can also be applied to the study of other types of public health emergencies, such as infectious outbreaks, emerging and re-emerging diseases, and refugee health. This book gives both the public health practitioner and researcher the tools they need to conduct epidemiological studies in a disaster setting and can be used as a reference or as part of a course.

Key Features

  • Provides a holistic perspective to epidemiology with an integration of academic and practical approaches
  • Showcases the use of hands-on techniques and principles to solve real-world problems
  • Includes contributions from both established and emerging scholars in the field of disaster epidemiology

Readership

Students and researchers at Schools of Public Health; local, regional, state, and federal public health practitioners (epidemiology, laboratory, public health preparedness) and those working in global health and international disaster response (e.g. agencies such as CARE, Child Health, CRDF Global)

Table of Contents

An Introduction to Disaster Epidemiology
  Josephine Malilay and Jennifer A. Horney
1. History of Disaster Epidemiology: 1960-2015
  Jennifer A. Horney
2. Methods: Surveillance
  Kahler Stone
Vignettes: Veterans Health Affairs, Veterans, and Disasters
  Tiffany Radcliff, Aram Dobalian and Karen Chu
3. Applications: Informatics: Using Information Systems to Improve Surveillance During Disasters
  Laura Edison, Karl Soetebier and Hope Dishman
4. Applications: Shelter Surveillance
  Rebecca Jean Heick
Post-Disaster Carbon Monoxide Surveillance
  Kanta Sircar and Dorothty Stearns
5. Applications: Mortality Surveillance
  Rebecca S. Noe
6. Study Designs in Disaster Epidemiology
  Latasha Allen and Jennifer A. Horney
7. Applications: CASPER
  Amy Helene Schnall, Amy Wolkin and Tesfaye Mekonnen Bayleyegn
Applications: ACE
  Maureen F. Orr and Mary Anne Duncan
Vignettes from Recent Responses: California Geothermal Gas Vents
  Svetlana Smorodinsky, Tracy Barreau and Jason Wilken
Vignettes from Recent Responses: California Drought
  Jason Wilken, Svetlana Smorodinsky and Tracy Barreau
8. Methods: Questionnaire Development and Interviewing Techniques
  Amy Helene Schnall, Amy Wolkin and Nicole Nakata
Vignettes from Recent Responses: Foodborne
  Marilyn Felkner, Venessa Cantu and Kevin Mcclaran
9. Applications: Social Vulnerablity to Disaster (Hampton and Hertford Counties - Isabel)
  Danielle Spurlock
10. Applications: Responder Safety
  Renee Funk
Vignettes from Recent Responses: Pregnant Women and Ebola
  Jonetta Johnson Mpofu and Michelle Dynes
11. Methods: Data Analysis
  Ashley Conley
12. Applications: Bioterrorism, Biodefense, and Biotechnology
  Koya Allen
Vignettes: Natural Disasters and Climate Change
  Joel Casey Dietrich
Vignettes: Impacts on People with Pre-existing Chronic Medical Conditions
  Pamela Allweiss
13. Applications: Disaster Communication and Community Engagement
  Jennifer C. Beggs
Vignette from Recent Responses: Roseburg Oregon Mass Shooting
  Akiko M. Saito
14. Discussion and Conclusion - What Disaster Epidemiology Can Contribute to Resilient Communities
  Jennifer A. Horney
Appendix: Resources from Disaster Libraries
  Suzanne Shurtz Clark

Details

No. of pages:
212
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2018
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780128095072
Paperback ISBN:
9780128093184

About the Editor

Jennifer Horney

Jennifer A. Horney, PhD, MPH is an associate professor of Epidemiology and Biostatistics at the Texas A&M University School of Public Health, a faculty fellow of the Hazard Reduction and Recovery Center at the Texas A&M College of Architecture, and the public health and environment lead of the Institute for Sustainable Communities, part of the University’s Environmental Grand Challenge. At Texas A&M, Dr. Horney’s research focuses on measuring the health impacts of disasters, as well as the linkages between disaster planning and household actions related to preparedness, response, and recovery. Dr. Horney received her PhD and MPH from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where her research focused on the role of social factors in decision making during disasters. She serves as a member of the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists’ State and Territorial Epidemiologists’ Disaster Epidemiology Community of Practice and was a member of a team of public health practitioners who responded to Hurricanes Isabel, Charley, Katrina, Wilma, and Irene, where she conducted rapid assessments of disaster impact on the public health of individuals and communities. She has also provided technical assistance to public health agencies globally around disasters, infectious disease outbreaks and pandemic influenza planning and response.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Texas A&M Health Science Center School of Public Health, College Station, TX, USA