Description

The present volume is an intellectual agglomeration covering a variety of topics in diagenesis. It starts with the diagenesis of marine pore waters and soft-sediment deformations, followed by two chapters on sandstones - one on climatic influence in terrestrial sandstone diagenesis and the other on the deep-sea volcaniclastic sandstones. Diagenesis of carbonates is treated next, with one chapter on compactional diagenesis and another devoted to a case study (Aymestry Limestone Beds, UK). There are two chapters on the origin and migration of oil: (a) maturation of organic matter, and (b) relation of diagenesis to mineralization and hydrocarbon reservoir development, followed by a chapter on sedimentary ore genesis - banded iron-formation. In conclusion there are two chapters on paleosols. This book will be of interest to geologists, geochemists and petroleum engineers.

Table of Contents

1. From Marine Interstitial Fluids to Paleosols - A Review (G.V. Chilingarian, K.H. Wolf). 2. Early Diagenesis and Marine Pore Water (C.H. van der Weijden). Introduction. Part I: Early diagenetic processes. Organic carbon, diagenesis and related impact on pore-water chemistry. Oxygen consumption. Nitrate consumption (denitrification). Manganese and iron oxide reduction. Sulphate reduction. Methane production. Production of carbon dioxide and alkalinity. Production of dissolved phosphate and silica. Part II: Diagenetic equations. Introductory remarks. Porosity. Concentrations. Steady state. Advection. Diffusion. Coupled fluxes and ion-pairs. Enhanced mass transport across the sediment - water interface. The reaction term: production or consumption. Part III: Examples of modeling of early diagenetic processes. General oxidant consumption and redox potential. O2 consumption. Nitrification and denitrification. Manganese oxide reduction. Sulphate reduction. Methane production. Production of carbon dioxide and alkalinity. Production of dissolved phosphate and silica. Acknowledgements. List of symbols. References. 3. The Recognition of Soft-Sediment Deformation as Early-Diagenetic Features - A Literature Review (A.J. van Loon). Introduction. Studies on early-diagenetic deformations. The period before 1950. The early age of sedimentology. The 1960-1970 period: emphasis on environmental analysis. 1970-1980: basin analysis and palaeogeographic reconstructions. The post-1980 period. Acknowledgements. References. 4. Climate Influence on Diagenesis of Fluvial Sandstones (P.K. Dutta). Introduction. Climate control on ground water chemistry and soil mineralogy. Climate control on detrital mineralogy of fluvial sand. Climate control on early diagenesis. Early diagenetic mineral assemblage and climate. Climate control on deep burial diagenesis. Conclusions. Acknowledgements. References. 5. Diagene

Details

No. of pages:
673
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 1992
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
Print ISBN:
9780444885166
Electronic ISBN:
9780080869612

About the editors

G.V. Chilingarian

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-2531, USA