DHM and Posturography

DHM and Posturography

1st Edition - August 22, 2019

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  • Editors: Sofia Scataglini, Gunther Paul
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128168837
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128167137

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DHM and Posturography explores the body of knowledge and state-of-the-art in digital human modeling, along with its application in ergonomics and posturography. The book provides an industry first introductory and practitioner focused overview of human simulation tools, with detailed chapters describing elements of posture, postural interactions, and fields of application. Thus, DHM tools and a specific scientific/practical problem – the study of posture – are linked in a coherent framework. In addition, sections show how DHM interfaces with the most common physical devices for posture analysis. Case studies provide the applied knowledge necessary for practitioners to make informed decisions. Digital Human Modelling is the science of representing humans with their physical properties, characteristics and behaviors in computerized, virtual models. These models can be used standalone, or integrated with other computerized object design systems, to design or study designs, workplaces or products in their relationship with humans.

Key Features

  • Presents an introductory, up-to-date overview and introduction to all industrially relevant DHM systems that will enable users on trialing, procurement decisions and initial applications
  • Includes user-level examples and case studies of DHM application in various industrial fields
  • Provides a structured and posturography focused compendium that is easy to access, read and understand


Bioengineers, Designers, Graduate students in: (Bio)medical Engineering / Biomechanics / Design Engineering / Systems and Control Engineering / Ergonomics/Human Factors / Health Sciences / Occupational Health and Safety

Table of Contents

  • Part I Introduction
    1. Introduction: from greek sculpture to the digital human model-a history of “human equilibrium”
    2. Why do we need digital human models?

    Part II Human motion simulation tools
    3. Siemens Jack
    4. Human solutions RAMSIS
    5. Task-based digital human simulation with editors for manual work activitiesdBasic Functionalities, applications, and future works
    6. Santos: an integrated human modeling and simulation platform
    7. NexGen Ergonomics Inc. HumanCAD
    8. The AnyBody Modeling System
    9. Virtual ergonomics by dassault syste`mes
    10. CASIMIRda human body model for the analysis of seat vibrations
    11. Industrial path solutionsd - intelligently moving manikins
    12. ERL seat design and digital human models
    13. ESI unique human model for seat (dis)comfort evaluation
    14. Simcenter Madymo
    15. VIRTHUMAN models for impact
    16. Alaska/dynamicusdHuman movements in interplay with the environment

    Part III Open source and internal DHM in posturography
    17. Open-source software to create a kinematic model in digital human

    Part IV Elements of posture
    18. Human head modeling and applications
    19. Neck postural stabilization, motion comfort, and impact simulation
    20. Motion analysis and modeling of the shoulder: challenges and potential applications
    21. Development of a feasible finite element digital human hand model
    22. The spine: biomechanics and subject-specific finite element models
    23. Foot size and foot shape of children, adults and elderly
    24. Pelvic floor biomechanical assessment: current approaches and new evidence

    Part V Postural interactions
    25. Posture and anthropometry
    26. Posturography

    Part VI Activities of daily living
    27. Physics-based sit-to-stand three-dimensional motion prediction considering seat pan contact
    28. Digital human modeling and ergonomics of sleeping systems
    29. Surface transitions and stair climbing and descent
    30. Ingresseegress analysis for passenger vehicle design through digital human modeling
    31. Posture prediction and physics-based human motion simulation
    32. Three-dimensional body shape modeling and posturography
    33. Adaptable digital human models from 3D body scans
    34. Occupant comfort
    35. Models of the human in dynamic environments

    Part VII Cognition and control in posturography
    36. Probabilistic reliability-physics models in aerospace human-in-the-loop (HITL) problems
    37. Modeling human cognitive behavior for system design

    Part VIII Fields of applications
    38. Task analysisdErgonomically designed socio-technical work processes or humanemachine interfaces using digital ergonomic
    tools and methods
    39. Rehabilitation
    40. Digital human modeling in aerospace
    41. DHM applied to ergonomic design and assessment of diagnostic ultrasound systems
    42. Task-based digital human simulation with Editor for manual work activitiesdindustrial applications in product design and production planning
    43. Medicine and the virtual physiological human
    44. Use of digital human modeling in product design
    45. Clothing
    46. Human modeling tools for spacesuit and hardware design and assessment
    47. Individualization of digital human models for planning of humanerobot collaboration
    48. Anthropometric modeling in forensics
    49. Biomechanical human models for seating discomfort assessment

    Part IX DHM protocols
    50. Standards and Norms
    51. DHM data exchange protocols

    Part X Integrations
    52. Motion analysis of work conditions using commercial depth cameras in real industrial conditions
    53. Design smart clothing using digital human models
    54. Integration of commercial pressure measurement technologies
    55. Haptic device integration

    Part XI Case studies
    56. Application of 3D scanning in design education
    57. A virtual platform for lower limb prosthesis design and assessment
    58. Three-dimensional scanning of the torso and breasts to inform better bra design
    59. Building patternmaking theory to better represent the female form
    60. Digital human modeling for collaborative robotics
    61. Designing aircraft seats to fit the human body contour
    62. Posture analysis in extreme sports
    63. Predicting vehicle occupant postures using statistical models

Product details

  • No. of pages: 860
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2019
  • Published: August 22, 2019
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128168837
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128167137

About the Editors

Sofia Scataglini

Sofia Scataglini is a Human Factors Engineer and Visiting Professor at the Department of Product Development at Faculty of Design Sciences of Antwerp University. Since 2014, she has been working as Researcher at the Belgian Royal Academy and since 2018 at the Belgian Military Hospital Queen Astrid. She holds a Joint PhD in Applied Science between Politecnico di Milano and Belgian Royal Military Academy. Her research activity is dedicated to wearable sensors, physical ergonomics, design applied to human health, DHM and standards. Sofia is a founder of the Digital Human Modeling by Women group (DHMW), which is dedicated to promoting women researchers around the world.

Affiliations and Expertise

Visiting Professor, Department of Product Development, Faculty of Design Sciences, Antwerp University and Researcher, Belgian Royal Military Academy and Queen Astrid Military Hospital

Gunther Paul

Gunther Paul is an Ergonomist and James Cook University Principal Research Fellow for Occupational Health and Safety at the Australian Institute for Tropical Health and Medicine (AITHM), and the Mackay Institute for Research and Innovation (MIRI). He holds a PhD in Ergonomics and MPhil in Control Engineering from Darmstadt University of Technology. His research focuses on complex work system related issues, such as health systems, respiratory health, human-in-the-loop modelling, or musculoskeletal disorders. Gunther has been the Chief Investigator in 17 research projects. He is the Editor-In-Chief of the International Journal of Human Factors Modelling and Simulation, and a reviewer for over 20 international journals. He chairs the International Ergonomics Association Technical Committee on Human Simulation and Virtual Environments, and is a Member of the Queensland Government Safety Leadership at Work Expert Reference Group, Member of the Commonwealth Department of Employment Research and Evaluation Services Panel, and Member of the Panel of Assessors, Queensland Civil and Administrative Tribunal (QCAT). Gunther is also the Ambassador of the Foundation for Professional Ergonomics in Australia. He has published over 100 journal articles, books and book chapters, and has been regularly presenting and chairing sessions at International conferences over the last 25 years. In his most recent previous employments, Gunther led the Health Safety Environment Discipline in the School of Public Health and Social Work at QUT, and before that he was Director of Ergolab at UniSA. In his 10 year industrial career, he worked as Project Manager for Ford, Daimler, and Faurecia.

Affiliations and Expertise

Principal Research Fellow, Australian Institute for Tropical Health and Medicine (AITHM), Australia

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