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Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning - Vol 6 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781437778793, 9781437778809

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning - Vol 6

1st Edition

Methods of Cleaning and Cleanliness Verification

Authors: Rajiv Kohli Kashmiri L. Mittal
Hardcover ISBN: 9781437778793
eBook ISBN: 9781437778809
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 27th May 2013
Page Count: 208
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In this series Rajiv Kohli and Kash Mittal have brought together the work of experts from different industry sectors and backgrounds to provide a state-of-the-art survey and best-practice guidance for scientists and engineers engaged in surface cleaning or handling the consequences of surface contamination.

The expert contributions in this volume cover important fundamental aspects of surface contamination that are key to understanding the behavior of specific types of contaminants. This understanding is essential to develop preventative and mitigation methods for contamination control. The coverage complements the treatment of surface contamination in vol.1, Fundamental and Applied Aspects. This volume covers: Sources and Generation of Particles; Manipulation Techniques for Particles on Surfaces; Particle Deposition and Rebound; Particle Behavior in Liquid Systems; Biological and Metallic Contamination; and includes a comprehensive list of current standards and resources.

Key Features

  • Comprehensive coverage of innovations in surface contamination and cleaning
  • Written by established experts in the contamination and cleaning field
  • Each chapter is a comprehensive review of the state of the art
  • Case studies included


Engineers and scientists involved in research and development, manufacturing, process and quality control, and procurement specifications across sectors including microelectronics, aerospace, optics, xerography and joining (adhesive bonding)

Table of Contents


About the Editors


Chapter 1. Removal of Surface Contaminants Using Ionic Liquids

1 Introduction

2 Surface Cleanliness Levels

3 Ionic Liquids

4 Principles of Cleaning with ILs

5 Advantages and Disadvantages of ILs

6 Applications

7 Summary and Conclusions




Chapter 2. Microemulsions for Cleaning Applications

1 Introduction

2 Types of Microemulsions, Formulations and Properties

3 Basic Process and Principles of Cleaning Surfaces

4 Surface Cleaning and Contaminant Removal with Microemulsions

5 Design of Microemulsion Cleaners and Evaluation Techniques

6 Microemulsion Cleaning Applications

7 Current Trends and Future Developments


Chapter 3. Dual-Fluid Spray Cleaning Technique for Particle Removal

1 Introduction

2 Particles and Adhesion Forces

3 Cleaning Process Window

4 Overview of Particle Removal Techniques

5 Dual-Fluid Spray Cleaning

6 Dual-Fluid Spray Development

7 Advanced Spray Development

8 Summary and Prospects


Chapter 4. Microbial Cleaning for Removal of Surface Contamination

1 Introduction

2 Surface Contamination and Cleanliness Levels

3 Background

4 Principles of Microbial Cleaning

5 Cleaning Systems

6 Advantages and Disadvantages of Microbial Cleaning

7 Applications

8 Summary and Conclusions




Chapter 5. Cleanliness Verification on Large Surfaces: Instilling Confidence in Contact Angle Techniques

1 Background

2 Description of the Method

3 Advantages and Disadvantages

4 Results

5 Applications

6 Future Developments



Color Plates



No. of pages:
© William Andrew 2013
27th May 2013
William Andrew
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

About the Authors

Rajiv Kohli

Dr. Rajiv Kohli is a leading expert with The Aerospace Corporation in contaminant particle behavior, surface cleaning, and contamination control. At the NASA Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, he provides technical support for contamination control related to ground-based and manned spaceflight hardware, as well as for unmanned spacecraft. His technical interests are in particle behavior, precision cleaning, solution and surface chemistry, advanced materials and chemical thermodynamics. Dr. Kohli was involved in developing solvent-based cleaning applications for use in the nuclear industry and he also developed an innovative microabrasive system for a wide variety of precision cleaning and micro-processing applications in the commercial industry. He is the senior editor of this book series “Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning”; the first ten volumes in the series were published in 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 (Volumes 5 and 6), 2015 (Volumes 7 and 8), and 2017 (Volumes 9 and 10), respectively. The second edition of Volume 1 was published in 2016. Volume 11 and Volume 12 (this volume) are expected to be published in 2019. Previously, Dr. Kohli co-authored the book “Commercial Utilization of Space: An International Comparison of Framework Conditions”, and he has published more than 270 technical papers, articles and reports on precision cleaning, advanced materials, chemical thermodynamics, environmental degradation of materials, and technical and economic assessment of emerging technologies. Dr. Kohli was recognized for his contributions to NASA’s Space Shuttle Return to Flight effort with the Public Service Medal, one of the agency’s highest awards.

Affiliations and Expertise

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Houston, TX, USA

Kashmiri L. Mittal

Dr. Kashmiri (Kash) Mittal was associated with IBM from 1972 to 1994. Currently, he is teaching and consulting in the areas of adhesion science and technology and in surface contamination and cleaning. He is the founding editor of the Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology and is editor of more than 130 published books, many of them dealing with surface contamination and cleaning. In 2002, the Kash Mittal Award was inaugurated for his extensive efforts and significant contributions to the field of colloid and interface chemistry. Among his numerous awards, Dr. Mittal was awarded the title honoris causa by the Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lubin, Poland in 2003. Currently, he is teaching and consulting in the areas of surface contamination and cleaning and in adhesion science and technology.

Affiliations and Expertise

Editor, Reviews of Adhesion and Adhesives, USA


"This is the sixth volume in this excellent series which treats cleaning methods and their validation or verification in greater detail than, as far as I am aware, can be found anywhere else in print today…this highly-recommended volume challenges industrial users of cleaning processes to consider alternative technologies and/or process control techniques and provides the data to enable such alternatives to be evaluated." --Galvanotechnik

Ratings and Reviews