Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning - Vol 6 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781437778793, 9781437778809

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning - Vol 6

1st Edition

Methods of Cleaning and Cleanliness Verification

Authors: Rajiv Kohli Kashmiri L. Mittal
eBook ISBN: 9781437778809
Hardcover ISBN: 9781437778793
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 12th June 2013
Page Count: 208
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In this series Rajiv Kohli and Kash Mittal have brought together the work of experts from different industry sectors and backgrounds to provide a state-of-the-art survey and best-practice guidance for scientists and engineers engaged in surface cleaning or handling the consequences of surface contamination.

The expert contributions in this volume cover important fundamental aspects of surface contamination that are key to understanding the behavior of specific types of contaminants. This understanding is essential to develop preventative and mitigation methods for contamination control. The coverage complements the treatment of surface contamination in vol.1, Fundamental and Applied Aspects. This volume covers: Sources and Generation of Particles; Manipulation Techniques for Particles on Surfaces; Particle Deposition and Rebound; Particle Behavior in Liquid Systems; Biological and Metallic Contamination; and includes a comprehensive list of current standards and resources.

Key Features

  • Comprehensive coverage of innovations in surface contamination and cleaning
  • Written by established experts in the contamination and cleaning field
  • Each chapter is a comprehensive review of the state of the art
  • Case studies included


Engineers and scientists involved in research and development, manufacturing, process and quality control, and procurement specifications across sectors including microelectronics, aerospace, optics, xerography and joining (adhesive bonding)

Table of Contents


About the Editors


Chapter 1. Removal of Surface Contaminants Using Ionic Liquids

1 Introduction

2 Surface Cleanliness Levels

3 Ionic Liquids

4 Principles of Cleaning with ILs

5 Advantages and Disadvantages of ILs

6 Applications

7 Summary and Conclusions




Chapter 2. Microemulsions for Cleaning Applications

1 Introduction

2 Types of Microemulsions, Formulations and Properties

3 Basic Process and Principles of Cleaning Surfaces

4 Surface Cleaning and Contaminant Removal with Microemulsions

5 Design of Microemulsion Cleaners and Evaluation Techniques

6 Microemulsion Cleaning Applications

7 Current Trends and Future Developments


Chapter 3. Dual-Fluid Spray Cleaning Technique for Particle Removal

1 Introduction

2 Particles and Adhesion Forces

3 Cleaning Process Window

4 Overview of Particle Removal Techniques

5 Dual-Fluid Spray Cleaning

6 Dual-Fluid Spray Development

7 Advanced Spray Development

8 Summary and Prospects


Chapter 4. Microbial Cleaning for Removal of Surface Contamination

1 Introduction

2 Surface Contamination and Cleanliness Levels

3 Background

4 Principles of Microbial Cleaning

5 Cleaning Systems

6 Advantages and Disadvantages of Microbial Cleaning

7 Applications

8 Summary and Conclusions




Chapter 5. Cleanliness Verification on Large Surfaces: Instilling Confidence in Contact Angle Techniques

1 Background

2 Description of the Method

3 Advantages and Disadvantages

4 Results

5 Applications

6 Future Developments



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William Andrew
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About the Author

Rajiv Kohli

NASA Johnson Space Center -Rajiv Kohli is a leading expert in contaminant particle behaviour, surface cleaning and contamination control. At the NASA Johnson Space Center he has primary responsibility for contamination control related to spaceflight hardware for the Space Shuttle, the International Space Station, and the new Constellation Program (designed to meet the United States Vision for Space Exploration). He helped to develop solvent-based cleaning applications for the nuclear industry and an innovative microabrasive system for a wide variety of applications in the commercial sector. He co-authored Commercial Utilization of Space: An International Comparison of Framework Conditions, and has published over 200 technical papers. His other specialisms include precision cleaning, solution and surface chemistry, advance materials and chemical thermodynamics. In 2005, Dr. Kohli received the Public Service Medal, one of NASA’s highest awards, for contributions to the Space Shuttle Return to Flight project.

Affiliations and Expertise

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Houston, TX, USA

Kashmiri L. Mittal

Editor: ‘Reviews of Adhesion and Adhesives’

was associated with IBM from 1972 to 1994. Currently, he is teaching and consulting in the areas of adhesion science and technology and in surface contamination and cleaning. He is the founding editor of the Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology and is editor of 85 books, many of them dealing with surface contamination and cleaning. In 2002, the Kash Mittal Award was inaugurated for his extensive efforts and significant contributions to the field of colloid and interface chemistry. Among his numerous awards, Dr. Mittal was awarded the title honoris causa by the Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lubin, Poland in 2003.

Affiliations and Expertise

Editor, Reviews of Adhesion and Adhesives


"This is the sixth volume in this excellent series which treats cleaning methods and their validation or verification in greater detail than, as far as I am aware, can be found anywhere else in print today…this highly-recommended volume challenges industrial users of cleaning processes to consider alternative technologies and/or process control techniques and provides the data to enable such alternatives to be evaluated." --Galvanotechnik

Ratings and Reviews