Developmental Neuropsychobiology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123002716, 9781483282466

Developmental Neuropsychobiology

1st Edition

Editors: William T Greenough Janice M. Juraska
eBook ISBN: 9781483282466
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 21st May 1986
Page Count: 506
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Description

Developmental Neuropsychobiology is a compendium of papers that deals with developmental neuroscience and developmental psychology, as well as the broad range of approaches toward brain-behavior development. One paper reviews the embryonic mechanisms including the pattern formation that develops in a single fertilized egg, particularly focusing on limb innervation as a special case of pattern formation. Another paper discusses the regulation of nerve fiber elongation during embryogenesis. One author analyzes the pathways and changing connections in the nervous system of the insect: he shows that manipulating neural organization by grafting results in the ability of the transplanted sensory cells to find the proper central connections. Another paper reviews the sex differences in developmental plasticity of behavior and the brain. These differences point to the vulnerability of males during development to incidences of autism, dyslexia, or cerebral palsy compared to females. One paper also examines alternative perceptions of parent- offspring relationships. This collection can prove helpful for researchers, students, and academicians involved in the disciplines of biological or psychological sciences.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

1 Embryonic Mechanisms

I. Pattern Formation

II. The Limb as a Model System

III. Peripheral Innervation

References

2 Regulation of Nerve Fiber Elongation during Embryogenesis

I. Introduction

II. Neurite Formation In Vitro

III. Regulation of the Route of Neurite Growth In Vitro

IV. Regulation of the Route of Nerve Fiber Elongation In Vivo

V. Is Regulation of Nerve Fiber Growth Related to Synaptogenesis?

VI. Summary

References

3 Pathways and Changing Connections in the Developing Insect Nervous System

I. Introduction

II. Embryogenesis: Foundations for Neurogenesis

III. Postembryonic Development: Remodeling en Route

IV. Ectopic Sensilla: An Experimental Approach to Pathfinding in the Nervous System

V. Conclusions

References

4 The Normal and Abnormal Development of the Mammalian Visual System

I. Introduction

II. Patterns of Organization

III. Normal Development

IV. Variants of Normal Development

V. Discussion

VI. Conclusions

References

5 Do Neurotransmitters, Neurohumors, and Hormones Specify Critical Periods?

I. An Hierarchical Model for the Specification of Critical Periods

II. Neurotransmitters and Neurohumors as Develomental Signals

III. Hormones as Temporal Regulators of Postnatal Neurogenesis

IV. Hormonal-Humoral Interactions

V. Drugs, Stress, and Other Environmental Influences on the Humoral and Hormonal Milieu of the Developing Nervous System: Implications for Their Teratogenic Effects

VI. Summary and Conclusions

References

6 Sexual Differentiation of the Brain

I. Introduction

II. Possible Mechanisms of Steroid Action

III. Sexual Dimorphism of Brain Structure

IV. The Possible Role of a-Fetoprotein

V. The Possible Importance of Estrogen Per Se

VI. An Experimental Approach to the Problem

VII. How Might Hormones Change Growth Patterns and Neuronal Circuits?

VIII. Hormonal Effects: Direct or Indirect?

IX. In Vitro Veritas

References

7 Behavioral Neuroembryology: Motor Perspectives

I. Introduction

II. History

III. Embryology of Behavior and Its Neural Correlates

IV. Development of Specific Motor Patterns

V. Tissue Culture Approaches to Neurobehavioral Problems

VI. Conclusions and Future Priorities

References

8 Ontogeny of the Encephalization Process

I. Behavioral Development

II. Encephalization of the Spinal Motor System

III. The Encephalization Process

IV. Interference with Encephalization

References

9 Neuronal Activity as a Shaping Factor in Postnatal Development of Visual Cortex

I. Introduction

II. Experience Effects on Binocularity

III. Evidence for a Central Control of Experience-Dependent Modifications

IV. A Voltage-Dependent Threshold for Hebbian Modifications?

V. The Chemical Nature of Permissive Gating Signals

VI. Implications for Normal Development

VII. Concluding Remarks

References

10 Experience and Development in the Visual System: Anatomical Studies

I. Introduction

II. Normal Development

III. Effects of Visual Deprivation on Development

IV. Binocularly Competitive and Noncompetitive Mechanisms

V. Summary and Conclusions

References

11 Experience and Visual Development: Behavioral Evidence

I. Introduction: General Perspectives and Methodology

II. Specific Visual Capacities and Sensory Experience

III. Concluding Observations

References

12 Neural Correlates of Development and Plasticity in the Auditory, Somatosensory, and Olfactory Systems

I. Introduction

II. The Auditory System

III. The Somatosensory System

IV. The Olfactory System

V. Dimensions of Plasticity

VI. Implications for Behavior

References

13 What's Special about Development? Thoughts on the Bases of Experience-Sensitive Synaptic Plasticity

I. Introduction

II. Overproduction of Synapses and Expected Information

III. Synaptogenesis and Unexpected Information

IV. Mechanisms of Synapse Pattern Change in Later Development and Adulthood

V. Conclusions

References

14 Sex Differences in Developmental Plasticity of Behavior and the Brain

I. Introduction: Human Development

II. Sex Differences in Animals in Response to the Environment

III. Implications for Human Sex Differences

References

15 The Development of Olfactory Control over Behavior

I. Introduction

II. Orientation

III. Contact Behavior (Huddling)

IV. Suckling

V. Olfactory Conditioning outside the Nest

VI. Neural Development of the Olfactory System

VII. A Model for Olfactory Modification of Behavior during Ontogeny

VIII. Conclusions and Future Directions

References

16 New Views of Parent-Offspring Relationships

I. Introduction

II. Some Seminal Concepts: Antecedents to New Views

III. Concepts of Infancy and Development

IV. Models of Parent-Offspring Relationships

V. Form and Functions of Parent-Offspring Relationships

References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
506
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1986
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483282466

About the Editor

William T Greenough

Janice M. Juraska