Developmental Neuropsychobiology

Developmental Neuropsychobiology

1st Edition - May 21, 1986

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  • Editors: William T Greenough, Janice M. Juraska
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483282466

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Developmental Neuropsychobiology is a compendium of papers that deals with developmental neuroscience and developmental psychology, as well as the broad range of approaches toward brain-behavior development. One paper reviews the embryonic mechanisms including the pattern formation that develops in a single fertilized egg, particularly focusing on limb innervation as a special case of pattern formation. Another paper discusses the regulation of nerve fiber elongation during embryogenesis. One author analyzes the pathways and changing connections in the nervous system of the insect: he shows that manipulating neural organization by grafting results in the ability of the transplanted sensory cells to find the proper central connections. Another paper reviews the sex differences in developmental plasticity of behavior and the brain. These differences point to the vulnerability of males during development to incidences of autism, dyslexia, or cerebral palsy compared to females. One paper also examines alternative perceptions of parent- offspring relationships. This collection can prove helpful for researchers, students, and academicians involved in the disciplines of biological or psychological sciences.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors


    1 Embryonic Mechanisms

    I. Pattern Formation

    II. The Limb as a Model System

    III. Peripheral Innervation


    2 Regulation of Nerve Fiber Elongation during Embryogenesis

    I. Introduction

    II. Neurite Formation In Vitro

    III. Regulation of the Route of Neurite Growth In Vitro

    IV. Regulation of the Route of Nerve Fiber Elongation In Vivo

    V. Is Regulation of Nerve Fiber Growth Related to Synaptogenesis?

    VI. Summary


    3 Pathways and Changing Connections in the Developing Insect Nervous System

    I. Introduction

    II. Embryogenesis: Foundations for Neurogenesis

    III. Postembryonic Development: Remodeling en Route

    IV. Ectopic Sensilla: An Experimental Approach to Pathfinding in the Nervous System

    V. Conclusions


    4 The Normal and Abnormal Development of the Mammalian Visual System

    I. Introduction

    II. Patterns of Organization

    III. Normal Development

    IV. Variants of Normal Development

    V. Discussion

    VI. Conclusions


    5 Do Neurotransmitters, Neurohumors, and Hormones Specify Critical Periods?

    I. An Hierarchical Model for the Specification of Critical Periods

    II. Neurotransmitters and Neurohumors as Develomental Signals

    III. Hormones as Temporal Regulators of Postnatal Neurogenesis

    IV. Hormonal-Humoral Interactions

    V. Drugs, Stress, and Other Environmental Influences on the Humoral and Hormonal Milieu of the Developing Nervous System: Implications for Their Teratogenic Effects

    VI. Summary and Conclusions


    6 Sexual Differentiation of the Brain

    I. Introduction

    II. Possible Mechanisms of Steroid Action

    III. Sexual Dimorphism of Brain Structure

    IV. The Possible Role of a-Fetoprotein

    V. The Possible Importance of Estrogen Per Se

    VI. An Experimental Approach to the Problem

    VII. How Might Hormones Change Growth Patterns and Neuronal Circuits?

    VIII. Hormonal Effects: Direct or Indirect?

    IX. In Vitro Veritas


    7 Behavioral Neuroembryology: Motor Perspectives

    I. Introduction

    II. History

    III. Embryology of Behavior and Its Neural Correlates

    IV. Development of Specific Motor Patterns

    V. Tissue Culture Approaches to Neurobehavioral Problems

    VI. Conclusions and Future Priorities


    8 Ontogeny of the Encephalization Process

    I. Behavioral Development

    II. Encephalization of the Spinal Motor System

    III. The Encephalization Process

    IV. Interference with Encephalization


    9 Neuronal Activity as a Shaping Factor in Postnatal Development of Visual Cortex

    I. Introduction

    II. Experience Effects on Binocularity

    III. Evidence for a Central Control of Experience-Dependent Modifications

    IV. A Voltage-Dependent Threshold for Hebbian Modifications?

    V. The Chemical Nature of Permissive Gating Signals

    VI. Implications for Normal Development

    VII. Concluding Remarks


    10 Experience and Development in the Visual System: Anatomical Studies

    I. Introduction

    II. Normal Development

    III. Effects of Visual Deprivation on Development

    IV. Binocularly Competitive and Noncompetitive Mechanisms

    V. Summary and Conclusions


    11 Experience and Visual Development: Behavioral Evidence

    I. Introduction: General Perspectives and Methodology

    II. Specific Visual Capacities and Sensory Experience

    III. Concluding Observations


    12 Neural Correlates of Development and Plasticity in the Auditory, Somatosensory, and Olfactory Systems

    I. Introduction

    II. The Auditory System

    III. The Somatosensory System

    IV. The Olfactory System

    V. Dimensions of Plasticity

    VI. Implications for Behavior


    13 What's Special about Development? Thoughts on the Bases of Experience-Sensitive Synaptic Plasticity

    I. Introduction

    II. Overproduction of Synapses and Expected Information

    III. Synaptogenesis and Unexpected Information

    IV. Mechanisms of Synapse Pattern Change in Later Development and Adulthood

    V. Conclusions


    14 Sex Differences in Developmental Plasticity of Behavior and the Brain

    I. Introduction: Human Development

    II. Sex Differences in Animals in Response to the Environment

    III. Implications for Human Sex Differences


    15 The Development of Olfactory Control over Behavior

    I. Introduction

    II. Orientation

    III. Contact Behavior (Huddling)

    IV. Suckling

    V. Olfactory Conditioning outside the Nest

    VI. Neural Development of the Olfactory System

    VII. A Model for Olfactory Modification of Behavior during Ontogeny

    VIII. Conclusions and Future Directions


    16 New Views of Parent-Offspring Relationships

    I. Introduction

    II. Some Seminal Concepts: Antecedents to New Views

    III. Concepts of Infancy and Development

    IV. Models of Parent-Offspring Relationships

    V. Form and Functions of Parent-Offspring Relationships



Product details

  • No. of pages: 506
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1986
  • Published: May 21, 1986
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483282466

About the Editors

William T Greenough

Janice M. Juraska

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