Determination of Organic Structures by Physical Methods - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483231662, 9781483275727

Determination of Organic Structures by Physical Methods

1st Edition

Editors: E. A. Braude F. C. Nachod
eBook ISBN: 9781483275727
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1955
Page Count: 824
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Description

Determination of Organic Structures by Physical Methods, Volume 1 focuses on the processes, methodologies, principles, and approaches involved in the determination of organic structures by physical methods, including infrared light absorption, thermodynamic properties, Raman spectra, and kinetics.

The selection first elaborates on the phase properties of small molecules, equilibrium and dynamic properties of large molecules, and optical rotation. Discussions focus on simple acyclic compounds, carbohydrates, steroids, diffusion, viscosity, osmotic pressure, sedimentation velocity, melting and boiling points, and molar volume. The book then examines ultraviolet and visible light absorption, infrared light absorption, Raman spectra, and the theory of magnetic susceptibility. Concerns cover applications to the study of organic compounds, applications to the determination of structure, determination of thermodynamic properties, and experimental methods and evaluation of data. The text ponders on wave-mechanical theory, reaction kinetics, and dissociation constants, including dissociation of molecular addition compounds, principles of reaction kinetics, and valence-bond treatment of aromatic systems.

The selection is a valuable source of data for researchers interested in the determination of organic structures by physical methods.

Table of Contents


Preface

List of Contributors

Part I. The Determination of Molecular Size

1. Phase Properties of Small Molecules

1.1. Introduction

1.2. Melting Points

1.3. Boiling Points

1.4. Molar Volume

1.5. Parachor

References

2. Equilibrium and Dynamic Properties of Large Molecules

2.1. Introduction

2.2. Osmotic Pressure

2.3. Sedimentation Equilibrium

2.4. Sedimentation Velocity

2.5. Diffusion

2.6. Viscosity

2.7. Comparison of Results Obtained by Different Methods

References

Part II. The Determination of Molecular Pattern

3. Optical Rotation

3.1. Introduction

3.2. Conventions

3.3. Experimental Methods

3.4. Principles of Optical Rotation

3.5. Simple Acyclic Compounds

3.6. Carbohydrates

3.7. Steroids

3.8. Triterpenoids

3.9. Diterpenoids

3.10. Other Groups of Compounds

References

4. Ultraviolet and Visible Light Absorption

4.1. Introduction

4.2. Fundamental Concepts and Symbols

4.3. Experimental Methods and Evaluation of Data

4.4. Survey of Data

4.5. General Applications to Structural Analysis

4.6. Special Applications

References

5. Infrared Light Absorption

5.1. Introduction

5.2. Experimental Methods

5.3. General Applications

5.4. Applications to the Study of Macromolecules

References

6. Raman Spectra

6.1. Introduction

6.2. Experimental Methods

6.3. Survey of Data

6.4. Applications to the Determination of Structure

6.5. Determination of Thermodynamic Properties

6.6. Conclusion

References

7. Magnetic Susceptibilities

7.1. The Theory of Magnetic Susceptibility

7.2. Applications to the Study of Organic Compounds. Static Fields

7.3. Applications to the Study of Organic Compounds. Alternating Fields

References

Part III. The Determination of Molecular Fine-Structure

8. Surface Films

8.1. Introduction

8.2. The Technique of Surface Film Measurements

8.3. The Relation Between the Structure of Organic Molecules and the Mechanical Properties of Their Surface Films

8.4. The Relation Between the Structure of Organic Molecules and the Surface Potentials of Their Monolayers

8.5. Applications to the Determination of Structure

References

9. Dipole Moments

9.1. Introduction

9.2. The Theory and Practice of Measuring Electric Dipole Moments

9.3. Applications of Electric Dipole Moments to Simple Stereochemical Problems

9.4. Electric Dipole Moments and Electron Distribution

9.5. Applications of Electrical Dipole Moments to Complex Stereochemical Problems

9.6. Electric Dipole Moments and Molecular Interactions

9.7. Concluding Remarks

References

10. Electron Diffraction

10.1. Introduction

10.2. Instrumentation

10.3. The Theory of Electron Diffraction

10.4. The Analysis of Electron Diffraction Patterns

10.5. Applications to Organic Compounds

References

11. X-Ray Diffraction

11.1. Principles of X-Ray Diffraction

11.2. The Phase Problem

11.3. Quantitative Measurements of Bond Lengths and Valency Angles in Known Structures

11.4. Applications to Unknown and Partially Unknown Structures

11.5. Intermolecular Interactions

References

12. Microwave Spectroscopy

12.1. Introduction

12.2. Principles of Rotational Spectra

12.3. Experimental Methods

12.4. Applications to the Determination of Structure

12.5. Individual Molecules

References

13. Thermodynamic Properties

13.1. Introduction

13.2. Thermodynamic Functions

13.3. Determination of Structure from Heat Capacity and Entropy

13.4. Aliphatic Hydrocarbons

13.5. Alicyclic Hydrocarbons

13.6. Functional Derivatives

13.7. Determination of Structure from Heats of Formation. Bond Energies and Resonance Energies

References

14. Dissociation Constants

14.1. Introduction

14.2. The Strengths of Protonic Acids and Bases

14.3. The Dissociation of Molecular Addition Compounds

14.4. The Application of Dissociation Constants to the Determination of the Structures of Natural Products and Related Compounds

References

15. Reaction Kinetics

15.1. Introduction

15.2. Principles of Reaction Kinetics

15.3. Determination of Electron Distribution

15.4. The Detection and Distinction of Structural Units

15.5. Determination of Stereochemical Configuration and Conformation

15.6. Investigation of Unstable Intermediates

15.7. Investigation of Inter- and Intra-Molecular Complexes

References

16. Wave-Mechanical Theory

16.1. Introduction

16.2. Types of Bonds

16.3. Valence-Bond Treatment of Aromatic Systems

16.4. The Molecular-Orbital Method

References

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
824
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1955
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483275727

About the Editor

E. A. Braude

F. C. Nachod