Determinants of Addiction

Determinants of Addiction

Neurobiological, Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sociocultural Factors

1st Edition - November 1, 2022

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  • Author: Justin Yates
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323905787

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Description

Why can two people use a drug and one person becomes addicted while the other does not? Determinants of Addiction: Neurobiological, Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sociocultural Factors unravels the complexities underlying addiction, to understand how individual factors at the genetic, cellular, anatomical, personality, and sociocultural level can influence susceptibility to abuse disorders. The first section reviews cellular mechanisms of addiction, and how neurons are altered by drug abuse. It examines how drug abuse hijacks reward pathways, including changes to dopamine transmission and receptor density. The second section covers the behavioral-cognitive determinants of addiction. This includes conditioning, memory processes, and peer influences on drug addiction. The final section examines individual differences in sociocultural factors, sex/gender differences, and personality factors. The book references commonly abused drugs such as nicotine, alcohol, opiates, and cocaine.

Key Features

  • Explores differentiating factors influencing why people become addicted
  • Introduces the cellular and anatomical pathways of addiction
  • Identifies genes implicated in substance use disorders
  • Reviews role of conditioning in the development of substance use disorders
  • Includes personality, sex/gender, and sociocultural factors in addiction
  • Discusses the influence of peers and stress

Readership

Researchers and graduate students in neuroscience, neurology, psychiatry, and addiction medicine

Table of Contents

  • 1. Introduction to Drug Addiction
    2. Cellular Mechanisms of Addiction
    3. Pharmacology of Drugs of Abuse
    4. Neuroanatomical Regions Associated with Addiction
    5. Genetic Basis of Drug Addiction
    6. Pavlovian Conditioning and Drug Addiction
    7. Operant Conditioning and Drug Addiction
    8. Memory Processes of Drug Addiction
    9. Peer Influences on Drug Addiction
    10. Sociocultural Factors Associated with Drug Addiction
    11. Sex/Gender Differences in Addiction
    12. Personality Factors Associated with Addiction

Product details

  • No. of pages: 250
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: November 1, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323905787

About the Author

Justin Yates

Dr. Yates received his PhD in Experimental Psychology from the University of Kentucky in 2014. He is currently a Professor in Psychological Science at Northern Kentucky University. His research interests include elucidating the neurobehavioral mechanisms underlying drug addiction and studying the neural mechanisms of impulsive and risky decision making. Dr. Yates’ research has been recognized at a national level, as he has received the American Psychological Association (APA) Division 25 B.F. Skinner Foundation New Researcher Award, the APA Division 28 Young Psychopharmacologist Award (both in 2018) and the APA Division 6 Early Career Award (2021). He has also received awards from Northern Kentucky University, including the 2019 Excellence in Undergraduate Research Mentoring Award and the 2020 Excellence in Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activity Award.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Psychological Science, Northern Kentucky University, USA

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