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Design of Transient Protection Systems - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128116647, 9780128116500

Design of Transient Protection Systems

1st Edition

Including Supercapacitor Based Design Approaches for Surge Protectors

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Authors: Nihal Kularatna Alistair Steyn Ross Jayathu Fernando Sisira James
Paperback ISBN: 9780128116647
eBook ISBN: 9780128116500
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 7th December 2018
Page Count: 282
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Design of Transient Protection Systems: Including Supercapacitor Based Design Approaches for Surge Protectors is the only reference to consider surge protection for end-user equipment. This book fills the gap between academia and industry, presenting new product development approaches, such as the supercapacitor assisted surge absorber (SCASA) technique. It discusses protecting gear for modern electronic systems and consumer electronics, while also addressing the chain of design, development, implementation, recent theory and practice of developing transient surge protection systems. In addition, it considers all relevant technical aspects of testing commercial surge protectors, advances in surge protection products, components, and the abilities of commercial supercapacitors.

Key Features

  • Provides unique, patented techniques for transient protectors based on supercapacitors
  • Includes recent advances in surge protection
  • Links scattered information from within academia and industry with new product development approaches on surge protection for end-user equipment


Electrical and Electronic engineers, industry engineers, product designers, researchers working in power quality, and technicians in test and transient surge protection systems

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Power Quality in an End User Perspective
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Power line disturbances
1.3 Power quality issues
Chapter 2: Surge protection essentials
2.1 Levels of surge protection
2.2 Surge protection standards and practices
2.3 Circuit concepts used in surge protection
Chapter 3: Components used in surge protection circuits
3.1 Metal oxide varistors
3.2 TVS diodes and thyristors
3.3 Gas discharge tubes
Chapter 4: Designing of surge protection systems
4.1 Understanding transient equations and their solution
4.2 Surge absorbent device characterisation
4.3 Surge propagation in linear systems
4.4 Surge propagation through a TVSS system
Chapter 5: Applications of surge protection systems
5.1 SPDs for the service entrance
5.2 SPDs for point-of-use protection
Chapter 6: Supercapacitor based circuits for transient absorption
6.1 Supercapacitors and their ability to absorb transient surges
6.2 Extending the simple RC circuit theory – to resistor-supercapacitor circuits
6.3 Abilities of commercial supercapacitors to absorb transient surges
6.4 Supercapacitor assisted surge absorber (SCASA) technique
Chapter 7: Test gear for transient testing
7.1 Lightning surge simulators (LSS)
7.2 Internal circuit blocks of a LSS
7.3 Test techniques using LSS


No. of pages:
© Elsevier Science 2019
7th December 2018
Elsevier Science
Paperback ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

About the Authors

Nihal Kularatna

Nihal Kularatna is an electronics engineer with over 43 years of contribution to profession and research. He has authored eight books for practicing electronic engineers including the two consecutive IET Electrical Measurement Series books titled Modern electronic test & measuring instruments (1996) and Digital and analogue instrumentation- testing and measurement (2003/2008) and three Elsevier (USA) titles. His recent research monograph on energy storage systems, titled Energy storage devices for electronic systems: rechargeable batteries and supercapacitors, was also published by Elsevier in 2015. He was the winner of New Zealand Innovator of the Year 2013 Award and in 2015 he was conferred with a Doctor of Science degree by the University of Waikato. He is currently active in research in surge protection systems, high efficiency linear power supplies, power conditioning techniques and supercapacitor applications, with a contribution of over 150 papers to learned journals and international conferences. His work on supercapacitor assisted (SCA) circuit topologies/techniques such as SCALDO, SCASA and SCATMA culminated numerous granted or pending patents. He is presently employed as an Associate Professor in the School of Engineering, the University of Waikato, New Zealand. At international IEEE conferences and industry trade shows he frequently delivers invited tutorials, workshops and lectures on subjects he is passionate about, including the area of innovation and commercialization. His hobbies are gardening and car-grooming.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor in Electronic Engineering, The University of Waikato, New Zealand

Alistair Steyn Ross

His 100 research contributions include papers in satellite remote sensing physics, computational neurodynamics, general anesthesia, EEG signal processing, supercapacitor applications, surge suppression, and rechargeable battery modeling. With Moira Steyn-Ross, he edited the 2010 Springer volume "Modeling Phase Transitions in the Brain." He has been an active researcher for 30 years, with particular interest in the physics and mathematics of nonlinear threshold phenomena.

Affiliations and Expertise

Computational Physicist and Associate Professor, School of Engineering, University of Waikato, New Zealand

Jayathu Fernando

He has served Arthur C Clarke Institute for Modern Technologies for 10 years in different capacities, and he is a contributor to several patents on supercapacitor assisted techniques such as supercapacitor assisted low dropout regulator (SCALDO) and supercapacitor assisted surge absorber (SCASA).

He is currently a PhD student at University of Waikato, working on the implementation aspects of SCASA technique, which is currently licenced to an Australian power quality products company. Jayathu Fernando holds BSc and MSc degrees from University of Colombo, and University of Moratuwa, respectively.

Affiliations and Expertise

BSc and MSc degrees from University of Colombo and University of Moratuwa, respectively

Sisira James

He holds BE, MSc and PhD degrees from Bangalore University, University of Aberdeen, and University of Waikato, respectively. His PhD thesis was on Surge Propagation studies under the supervision of the first two authors of this work, and his MSc thesis was on Computer Simulation of DC-DC Switching Converter Systems. He has developed mathematical models for nonlinear surge protection devices and employed MATLAB-based numerical simulations to predict the incipient failure of electronics in transient voltage suppressor systems (TVSSs). He has also validated the numerical simulations experimentally using a lightning surge simulator. Sisira James has served Sri Lanka Telecom PLC as a senior telecommunications professional for more than 11 years.

Affiliations and Expertise

BE, MSc and PhD degrees from Bangalore University, University of Aberdeen and University of Waikato respectively.


"A very interesting book for electrical engineers who design protection circuits and want to learn about a new method using supercapacitators in their circuit designs. It would also be very useful for electrical engineering students who want to learn about circuit protection theory and get a good practical introduction to circuit protection." --IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine

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