Design, Fabrication, and Characterization of Multifunctional Nanomaterials

Design, Fabrication, and Characterization of Multifunctional Nanomaterials

1st Edition - November 24, 2021

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  • Editors: Sabu Thomas, Nandakumar Kalarikkal, Ann Rose Abraham
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128205587
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128208830

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Design, Fabrication, and Characterization of Multifunctional Nanomaterials covers major techniques for the design, synthesis, and development of multifunctional nanomaterials. The chapters highlight the main characterization techniques, including X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and scanning probe microscopy.The book explores major synthesis methods and functional studies, including: Brillouin spectroscopy; Temperature-dependent Raman spectroscopic studies; Magnetic, ferroelectric, and magneto-electric coupling analysis; Organ-on-a-chip methods for testing nanomaterials; Magnetron sputtering techniques; Pulsed laser deposition techniques; Positron annihilation spectroscopy to prove defects in nanomaterials; Electroanalytic techniques. This is an important reference source for materials science students, scientists, and engineers who are looking to increase their understanding of design and fabrication techniques for a range of multifunctional nanomaterials.

Key Features

  • Explains the major design and fabrication techniques and processes for a range of multifunctional nanomaterials;
  • Demonstrates the design and development of magnetic, ferroelectric, multiferroic, and carbon nanomaterials for electronic applications, energy generation, and storage;
  • Green synthesis techniques and the development of nanofibers and thin films are also emphasized.


Materials scientists and engineers.

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • Editors’ biographies
  • Contributors' biographies
  • Foreword
  • Part I. Characterization techniques of nanomaterials
  • Chapter 1. State-of-the-art technologies for the development of nanoscale materials
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Conclusion
  • Chapter 2. Temperature-dependent Raman spectroscopy for nanostructured materials characterization
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Anharmonicity in nanostructured materials
  • 3. Size/microstrain effects and phase separation
  • 4. Raman thermometry
  • 5. Temperature behavior of acoustic vibrations in nanocrystalline materials studied by low-frequency Raman spectroscopy
  • 6. Electron-phonon interaction
  • 7. Electromagnons in cycloidal multiferroic nanostructures
  • 8. Spin-phonon interaction
  • 9. Summary
  • Chapter 3. Brillouin spectroscopy: probing the acoustic vibrations in colloidal nanoparticles
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Brillouin spectroscopy
  • 3. Acoustic vibrations in colloidal crystals
  • 4. Conclusion
  • Chapter 4. In-situ microstructural measurements: coupling mechanical, dielectrical, thermal analysis with Raman spectroscopy for nanocomposites characterization
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. What is the advantage of in-situ or real-time measurements?
  • 3. Technological innovations and online measures
  • 4. What is the probed volume?
  • 5. DSC/Raman coupling system to describe the thermal microstructural behavior of thermoplastic polymers
  • 6. Monitoring of mechanical properties of composites: fillers influence
  • 7. Feasibility of in-situ coupling with dielectric dynamic analysis
  • 8. Conclusions
  • Chapter 5. Positron annihilation spectroscopy for defect characterization in nanomaterials
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Fundamentals of positron annihilation spectroscopy
  • 3. Experimental methods of positron annihilation spectroscopy
  • 4. Experimental procedure for positron annihilation measurements
  • 5. PAS - results in nanomaterials
  • 6. Summary and conclusions
  • Chapter 6. The use of organ-on-a-chip methods for testing of nanomaterials
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Organ-on-a-chip
  • 3. Organ-on-a-chip platforms for testing nanomaterials
  • 4. Challenges, future directions, and conclusions
  • Chapter 7. Electroanalytical techniques: a tool for nanomaterial characterization
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Electrochemical techniques
  • 3. Carbon nanomaterials
  • 4. Conclusions
  • Chapter 8. Magnetron sputtering for development of nanostructured materials
  • Abbreviations
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. What is magnetron sputtering?
  • 3. Market size of magnetron sputtering
  • 4. Advantages of magnetron sputtering
  • 5. Magnetrons sputtering techniques in nanostructure fabrication
  • 6. Magnetron sputtering for fabrication of NiTi smart materials
  • 7. Variation of parameters in magnetron sputtering deposition
  • 8. Nanocomposite coatings by magnetron sputtering
  • 9. Applications
  • 10. Limitations of magnetron sputtering
  • 11. Influencing factors in magnetron sputtering
  • 12. Conclusion
  • Design and fabrication of nanomaterials
  • Section A. Development of magnetic nanoparticles
  • Chapter 9. Synthesis and characterization of magnetite nanomaterials blended sheet with single-walled carbon nanotubes
  • Nomenclature
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Materials and methodology
  • 3. Fabrication of single-walled carbon nanotubes
  • 4. Preparation methods of iron oxide nanoparticles
  • 5. Synthesis of Fe3O4-SWCNT-IONs sheet
  • 6. Results and discussion
  • 7. Conclusion
  • Chapter 10. Magnetic nanocomposite: synthesis, characterization, and applications in heavy metal removal
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Preparation of iron oxide-functionalized magnetic nanocomposites
  • 3. Removal of inorganic pollutants from water using iron oxide nanoparticles
  • 4. Conclusion
  • Chapter 11. Iron-based functional nanomaterials: synthesis, characterization, and adsorption studies about arsenic removal
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Iron-based nanomaterials
  • 3. Characterization of iron-based nanoadsorbents
  • 4. Adsorptive removal of arsenic from water by using iron-based nanoadsorbents
  • 5. Basic mechanism of arsenic adsorption on iron-oxide surface
  • 6. Conclusion
  • Conflict of interest
  • Section B. Development of perovskite nanomaterials
  • Chapter 12. Development of perovskite nanomaterials for energy applications
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Structure of perovskites
  • 3. Properties of perovskite nanomaterials
  • 4. Types of perovskite materials
  • 5. Methods of synthesis of perovskite materials
  • 6. Characterization techniques used for perovskites
  • 7. Developments in the field of perovskite-based energy materials
  • 8. Perovskite nanomaterials
  • 9. Conclusion
  • Chapter 13. Development of PVDF-based polymer nanocomposites for energy applications
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Synthesis and characterization PVDF nanocomposites for energy storage and harvesting applications
  • 3. Summary
  • Chapter 14. Synthesis and structural studies of superconducting perovskite GdBa2Ca3Cu4O10.5+δ nanosystems
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Experimental section
  • 3. Results and discussion
  • 4. Conclusion
  • Section C. Development of multiferroic nanoparticles
  • Chapter 15. Design of multifunctional magnetoelectric particulate nanocomposites by combining piezoelectric and ferrite phases
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Nanocomposite ME materials
  • 3. Magnetoelectric coupling in composites
  • 4. Synthesis and properties of piezoelectric-ferrite particulate nanocomposites
  • 5. Synthesis and properties of NKLN—(N/C) FO nanocomposites
  • 6. Results and discussion
  • 7. Conclusions
  • Section D. Green synthesis of nanomaterials
  • Chapter 16. Green synthesis of MN (M= Fe, Ni – N= Co) alloy nanoparticles: characterization and application
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Experimental procedure
  • 3. Results and discussion
  • 4. Conclusions
  • Chapter 17. Green synthesis of nanomaterials for photocatalytic application
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Conclusion
  • Section E. Development of metal phthalocyanine nanostructures
  • Chapter 18. Metal phthalocyanines and their composites with carbon nanostructures for applications in energy generation and storage
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Properties of metal phthalocyanines
  • 3. Preparation of metal phthalocyanine-carbon nanocomposites
  • 4. Applications of metal phthalocyanines and their composites in energy generation, conversion, and storage
  • 5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 19. Fabrication of nanostructures with excellent self-cleaning properties
  • 1. What is a self-cleaning property of materials?
  • 2. Market size of self-cleaning structure
  • 3. Surface characteristics of self-cleaning materials
  • 4. Self-cleaning surfaces
  • 5. Low surface energy material for hydrophobic surface
  • 6. Fabrication of superhydrophobic materials
  • 7. Fabrication of hydrophilic materials
  • 8. Applications
  • 9. Summary
  • Section F. Development of carbon-based nanoparticles
  • Chapter 20. Low-dimensional carbon-based nanomaterials: synthesis and application in polymer nanocomposites
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Synthesis of carbon nanodots
  • 3. Carbon nanodots based polymer composites
  • 4. Polyvinyl alcohol composites of carbon nanodots
  • 5. Conclusion
  • Section G. Development of nanofibers
  • Chapter 21. Electrospun polymer composites and ceramics nanofibers: synthesis and environmental remediation applications
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Synthesis of nanofibers by electrospinning
  • 3. Concluding remarks
  • Chapter 22. Realization of relaxor PMN-PT thin films using pulsed laser ablation
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Hurdles in the synthesis of PMN-PT ceramic
  • 3. Bulk ceramics synthesis: solid-state reaction
  • 4. Synthesis of PMN-PT ceramics columbite B-stie precursor method
  • 5. Functional studies to test the quality of the ceramic
  • 6. Thin-film growth of PMN-PT using pulsed laser deposition
  • 7. Conclusion
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 606
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2021
  • Published: November 24, 2021
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128205587
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128208830

About the Editors

Sabu Thomas

Prof. Sabu Thomas, an outstanding Alumnus of IIT, Kharagpur, is one of India’s most renowned scientists in the area of Polymers. After completing his Ph.D. from IIT Kharagpur (1984-1987), he joined MG University as a Lecturer in 1997 and later became its Vice Chancellor. He has taken up a large number of visiting assignments abroad. Under his leadership, the University has been ranked 713th by TIMES, 30th in NIRF and the best University inKerala. He has supervised 120 Ph.D. students, authored 1,300 publications and edited 150 books earning him a H-index of 112 and 60,000 citations. He has received Honoris Causa degrees from Russia and France and obtained grants amounting to Rs. 30 crores for research funding from India and abroad. He has been ranked 114th in the list of the world’s best scientists and 2nd in India by the Stanford University Ranking in Polymers. He was elected as a Fellow of the European Academy of Sciences. Considering his excellent contributions in teaching, research and administration, Prof. Thomas is the best candidate for the outstanding Alumnus award of IIT KGP.

Affiliations and Expertise

Vice Chancellor, Mahatma Gandhi University, and Director of the School of Energy Materials, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India

Nandakumar Kalarikkal

Dr. Nandakumar Kalarikkal is an Associate Professor at the School of Pure and Applied Physics and Joint Director of the International and Inter University Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology of Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India. His research activities involve applications of nanostructured materials, laser plasma, and phase transitions. He is the recipient of research fellowships and associateships from prestigious government organizations such as the Department of Science and Technology and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of the Government of India. He has active collaborations with national and international scientific institutions in India, South Africa, Slovenia, Canada, France, Germany, Malaysia, Australia, and the United States. He has more than 130 publications in peer-reviewed journals. He also co-edited nine books of scientific interest and co-authored many book chapters.

Affiliations and Expertise

Director, International and Inter University Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, and Director and Chair, School of Pure and Applied Physics, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India

Ann Rose Abraham

Ann Rose Abraham, PhD, is currently an Assistant Professor at the Department of Physics, Sacred Heart College (Autonomous), Thevara, Kochi, Kerala, India. Dr. Abraham received M.Sc., M.Phil. and PhD degrees in Physics from the School of Pure and Applied Physics, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kerala, India. Her PhD thesis was on the “Development of Hybrid Multiferroic Materials for Tailored Applications”. She is an expert in the fields of condensed matter physics, nanomagnetism, multiferroics, and polymeric nanocomposites. She has had research experience at various reputed national institutes such as Bose Institute, Kolkata, India, SAHA Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata, India, and UGC-DAE CSR Centre, Kolkata, India and collaborations with various international laboratories. She is the recipient of a Young Researcher award in the area of physics, and Best Paper Awardse2020 and 2021, a prestigious forum to showcase intellectual capability. She served as assistant professor and examiner at the Department of Basic Sciences, Amal Jyothi College of Engineering, under APJ Abdul Kalam Technological University, Kerala, India. Dr. Abraham is a frequent speaker at national and international conferences. She has authored many book chapters and edited seven books with Taylor and Francis and Elsevier. She has a good number of publications to her credit in many peer-reviewed, high-impact journals of international repute, such as 'ACS Journal of Physical Chemistry', 'RSC Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics', and 'New Journal of Chemistry'.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Department of Physics, Sacred Heart College (Autonomous), Thevara, Kochi, India

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