Description

Design Aspects of Used Lubricating Oil Re-Refining presents a feasible and comprehensive technology for recycling of used lubricating oils. This book discusses efficient and effective ways of reusing lubricating oil which, if implemented, will result in a better quality of life, the stability of the environment, the health of national economies and better relationships between nations. It presents essential experimental results for process designers and engineers to establish a complete process design. The conditions and behaviour in each step in the re-refining process, (dehydration, solvent extraction, solvent stripping, and vacuum distillation) are examined in order to discover ways to recover and reuse wastes that are produced by lubricating oils.

Key Features

Addresses and demonstrates the current knowledge of the process behaviour and re-refining technology of used lubricating oils Introduces background information on the lubrication, oil recycling industry outlining the major manufacturers and detailing their processes Contains 94 figures and 22 tables that on results regarding the re-refining process behaviour of used lubricating oil

Readership

Recommended to engineers and scientists in the oil refining industry as well as chemical engineering and industrial chemistry students as the methodologies outlined in this book will be useful in their project design, and enhance their analytical knowledge of a chemical process with respect to productivity and efficiency

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: IntroductionChapter 2: Background 2.1 Virgin Oil Characteristics
2.1.1 Oxidation Inhibitor
2.1.2 Detergent and Dispersant Additives
2.1.3 Viscosity Index Improvers
2.1.4 Pour Point Depressants
2.2 Used Lubricating Oil Characteristics
2.2.1 Extraneous Contaminants
2.2.2 Products of Oil Deterioration
2.3 Effects of Oil Contaminants
2.4 The Hydrocarbon Composition of Used Oil
2.5 Physical and Chemical Tests of Used Lubricating Oil
2.6 Used Oil Recovery Processes
2.6.1 Dehydration of Used Oil
2.6.2 Solvent Treatment
2.6.3 Vacuum Distillation
2.6.3.1 Used Oil Without Pre-treatment
2.6.3.2 Used Oil With Solvent Extraction Pre-treatment

Chapter 3: Experimental, Materials and Methods 3.1 Materials
3.2 Solvent Extraction Experimental Design
3.3 Experimental Apparatus
3.3.1 The Oldershaw Sieve Plate Column
3.3.2 The Vacuum Distillation Unit
3.3.2.1 The Distillation Apparatus
3.3.2.2 The Vacuum Unit
3.3.3 Simple Vacuum Distillation Unit
3.3.4 Simple Atmospheric Distillation Unit
3.4 Experimental Procedures
3.4.1 Dehydration
3.4.2 Solvent Extraction
3.4.2.1 Optimum Solvent to Oil Ratio
3.4.2.2 Optimum Solvents Composition
3.4.2.3 Preparation of Large Amounts of Solvent Treated Oil
3.4.3 Vacuum Distillation

Details

No. of pages:
122
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2006
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
Electronic ISBN:
9780080462646
Print ISBN:
9780444522283
Print ISBN:
9781493302369

About the authors