Design and Manufacture of Structural Composites

Design and Manufacture of Structural Composites

1st Edition - November 10, 2022

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  • Editors: Lee Harper, Mike Clifford
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128191606

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Design and Manufacture of Structural Composites provides an overview of the main manufacturing challenges encountered when processing fibre reinforced composite materials. Composites are unique in that the material is created at the same time as the structure, forming a very close link between the constituents, the manufacturing process and the resulting mechanical performance. This book takes an in-depth look at material choices and the intermediate steps required to convert different fibre and matrix combinations into finished products. It provides an insight into recent developments for each of the manufacturing processes covered, addressing design, cost, rate and mechanical performance. Topics covered include an introduction to composite materials, material preforming and conversion, moulding, digital design and sustainability, which addresses waste reduction, disassembly and fibre recovery. This book has been developed primarily as a teaching resource with contributions from leading experts in the field. The content has evolved from courses given by the authors to mechanical engineering and materials science students, at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. It also draws upon experience gained during research projects and from leading industry experts. It therefore provides non-specialists with a valuable introduction to composite manufacturing techniques, helping to determine the most suitable manufacturing routes and to understand the challenges associated with the production of high-performance composite components.

Key Features

    • Provides an overview of the most common manufacturing routes for fibre reinforced composites, including the influence of the manufacturing route on mechanical properties, production volume and component cost
    • Discusses recent advances in composite manufacturing, including the use of automation, process simulation, digital factories and solutions to improve sustainability
    • Looks at where the composites sector is heading and discusses some of the challenges faced by end-users looking to scale up production and increase the uptake of fibre reinforced composites for structural applications


    Materials scientist, Materials engineer, Metallurgist, Ceramics engineer, Mechanical engineer, Aerospace engineer Materials Science and Engineering, Ceramics Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Aerospace Engineering at universities, government labs, research institutes; Graduate students and undergraduate students at universities worldwide with departments and/or degree programs in Materials Science and Engineering, Ceramics Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Aerospace Engineering

    Table of Contents

    • I. Introduction to composite materials
       1. Introduction
       2. Fibres
       3. Resins
       4. Intermediate Materials
      II. Material Preforming and Conversion
       5. 2D to 3D Dry Fibre Preforming
       6. Automated Fibre Placement (AFP / ATL)
       7. Braiding and Filament Winding
       8. 3D Weaving
      III. Moulding
       9. Autoclaving Prepreg
       10. Liquid Composite Moulding
       11. Compression Moulding
       12. Thermoplastic Stamping
       13. Injection Moulding & Over-moulding
      IV. Digital Design
       14. Design for Manufacture
       15. Process Simulation: Fabric Preforming
       16. Process Simulation: Moulding Processes
       17. Digital Factory
       18. Cost, Rate and Robustness
      V. Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
       19. Waste Reduction
       20. Disassembly
       21. Fibre Recovery + Recyclate Conversion

    Product details

    • No. of pages: 400
    • Language: English
    • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2022
    • Published: November 10, 2022
    • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
    • Paperback ISBN: 9780128191606

    About the Editors

    Lee Harper

    Dr Lee Harper has worked in the field of composite manufacturing for 15 years. He has established credible expertise in process development and numerical modelling for fibre reinforced polymer composites. His principal research interests focus on developing and modelling automated manufacturing processes for the automotive industry. He developed the Directed Carbon Fibre Pre-forming (DCFP) process, an automated technology for producing net-shaped non-woven materials. He has authored 40 peer-reviewed publications, co-supervised 12 PhD students and been PI on projects totalling £3.1m. He currently sits on the UK’s Composite Leadership Forum, as part of the Technology Working Group and is a committee member for the Society for the Advancement of Materials and Process Engineering (SAMPE). Harper is also the Manager of the EPSRC Future Composites Manufacturing Research Hub, a £10.3m investment by EPSRC to develop fundamental research in composites manufacturing.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Principal Research Fellow, Composites Research Group, University of Nottingham, UK

    Mike Clifford

    Dr Mike Clifford has worked in the field of composite materials for 20 years. His interests lie in deformation of pre-impregnated material (thermosetting and thermoplastic) during forming components, natural fibre composites and nanocomposite applications. He has authored 80 peer-reviewed publications, co-supervised 22 PhD students and been PI on projects totalling £1.2m.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Associate Professor, University of Nottingham, UK

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