Desert Biology

Desert Biology

Special Topics on the Physical and Biological Aspects of Arid Regions

1st Edition - January 1, 1968

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  • Editor: G. W. Brown
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483223711

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Description

Desert Biology: Special Topics on the Physical and Biological Aspects on Arid Regions, Volume I covers the biology, geophysical characteristics, and ways of life in arid regions. This book is composed of 11 chapters, and begins with a brief description of a desert community, the Merkhiyat Jebels, with its diverse fauna and flora. The subsequent chapters look into the climate, geographical distribution, geologic and geomorphic aspects, and the evolution of desert community. These topics are followed by intensive discussions on desert plants, animals, and limnology. The last chapter describes the adaptive processes and human adaptation capacity to arid environments. This book will prove useful to upper division and graduate students in desert biology.

Table of Contents


  • Desert Rain

    List of Contributors

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Volume II: Topics to be Discussed (Tentative)

    Chapter I. The Merkhiyat Jebels: A Desert Community

    I. Climate and Vegetation

    II. Rain Fauna

    III. Mammals

    IV. Reptiles

    V. Arthropods

    VI. Interrelationships

    References

    Chapter II. Causes, Climates, and Distribution of Deserts

    I. Geographical Definitions of Deserts

    II. Genetic Classification of Desert Climates

    III. Subtropical Deserts

    IV. Cool Coastal Deserts

    V. Rain Shadow Deserts

    VI. Continental Interior Deserts

    VII. Polar Deserts

    Bibliography

    Chapter III. Geologic and Geomorphic Aspects of Deserts

    I. Introduction

    II. The Desert Landscape

    III. Surficial Deposits in Desert Lowlands

    IV. Hydrologic Aspects of Desert Basins

    V. Desert Soils

    VI. Surficial Geological Processes in Desert Regions

    VII. Climate Changes in Desert Regions

    VIII. Concluding Statement

    References

    Chapter IV. The Evolution of Desert Vegetation in Western North America

    I. Introduction

    II. Paleobotanical History of Tertiary and Quaternary Western North America

    III. The Vegetation of the Californian Deserts

    IV. The California Desert Flora

    V. The Origin of the California Desert Flora on Distributional Grounds

    VI. Endemism and the Origin of the California Desert Flora

    VII. Evidence of Origin from Cytological Evidence

    VIII. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter V. The Biology of Desert Plants

    I. Introduction

    II. Flora of Deserts

    III. Adaptations of Plants to Arid Environments

    IV. Desert Cryptogams, Ferns, and Fern Allies

    V. Ecological Considerations

    References

    Chapter VI. Biology of Desert Amphibians and Reptiles

    I. Introduction

    II. Amphibians

    III. Turtles

    IV. Lizards

    V. Snakes

    References

    Chapter VII. Temperature Regulation and Water Economy of Desert Birds

    I. Introduction

    II. Temperature Regulation

    III. Water Economy

    IV. Adaptations of Breeding Biology

    V. Discussion and Summary

    References

    Chapter VIII. Temperature Regulation in Desert Mammals

    I. Introduction

    II. Ecological and Evolutionary Considerations

    III. Large Herbivorous Mammals

    IV. Small and Medium Sized Mammals

    V. Carnivorous Mammals

    VI. Special Considerations

    VII. Summary and Conclusions

    References

    Chapter IX. Desert Limnology

    I. Introduction

    II. Physical Features

    III. Chemistry of Desert Waters

    IV. Productivity

    V. Biota of Saline Water

    VI. Biota of Temporary Waters

    VII. Special Situations

    VIII. Endemism, Relictism, and Special Habitats

    References

    Chapter X. Venoms of Desert Animals

    I. Scorpions: Order Scorpionida

    II. Spiders: Order Araneida

    III. Miscellaneous Desert Arachnids

    IV. Venomous Insects

    V. Centipedes and Millipedes

    VI. Amphibians

    VII. Venomous Reptiles

    References

    Chapter XI. Human Adaptations to Arid Environments

    I. The Problems

    II. Adaptive Processes

    General References

    Specific References

    Appendix 1

    Appendix 2

    Appendix 3

    Appendix 4

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Genus and Species Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 654
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1968
  • Published: January 1, 1968
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483223711

About the Editor

G. W. Brown

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