1. General Features of the Fatigue Process (M. Klesnil et al.). Cyclic hardening/softening process. Nucleation of cracks. Fatigue crack propagation. 2. Low-Cycle Fatigue (M. Klesnil et al.). Cyclic plasticity. Hysteresis loop. Variable amplitudes. Stress and strain concentration in a notch. Effect of service factors. Fatigue life. References. 3. High-Cycle Fatigue (V.T. Troshchenko et al.). Basic information about inelasticity of metals. Mechanism of inelastic deformation of metals. Some laws of inelastic deformation and fatigue damage. Strain and energy criteria of fatigue damage of metals. Accelerated method of fatigue limit determination. References. 4. Resistance to Fatigue Crack Propagation (V.T. Troshchenko et al.). Strength of cyclically loaded components with cracks. Resistance of components to cracks, effect of service factors. References. 5. Operating Fatigue Life (M. Bílý et al.). Operating loads. Modelling of operating processes. Calculation of operating fatigue endurance using material cyclic stress-strain properties. References. Conclusions. Subject index.